Islamic Glossary

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Displaying  31 through 60 of 70 terms found. (30 terms displayed).
Ayah (eye-yah) -
Literally, "miracle" or "sign." The term is used to designate a verse in the Qur'an. There are over 6,600 ayahs in the Qur'an. (Source:CIE)

Barakah () -

means blessing or Divine Grace.


This is an expression which means:May the blessings of Allah (be upon you).When a Muslim wants to thank to another person, he uses different statements to express his thanks, appreciation, and gratitude. One of them is to sayBaraka Allah.

Bayt al-mal () -

the State Treasury in an Islamic State.

Bismillahir rahmanir rahim () -

This is a phrase from the Qur'an that is recited before reading the Qur'an. It is to be read immediately after one reads the phrase:A'uzu Billahi Minashaitanir Rajim.

This phrase is also recited before doing any daily activity. The meaning of it is:In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

Da'wah () -

inviting others to Islam. Missionary work.

Dhikr (ZIKR) -

remembrance for the sake of Allah.

Du'a () -

a prayer.

Du'a (doo-ah) -
Term designating personal prayer, supplication, and communication with God, as distinct from salah (formal worship). Muslims make du'as for many reasons and at various times, such as after salah, before eating a meal, before retiring to sleep, or to commemorate an auspicious occasion such as the birth of a child. Personal du'as can be made in any language, whereas salah is performed in Arabic. (Source:CIE)

Eid (eed) -
Eid is an Arabic term meaning "festivity" or "celebration." Muslims celebrate two major religious holidays, known as Eid al-Fitr (which takes place after Ramadan), and Eid al-Adha (which occurs at the time of the Hajj). A traditional greeting used by Muslims around the time of Eid is "Eid Mubarak," meaning "May your holiday be blessed." A special congregational Eid worship, visitation of family and friends, new clothing, specially-prepared foods and sweets, and gifts for children characterize these holidays. (Source:CIE)

Eid (EED 'EID) -

The word 'Eid is an Arabic name to mean a festivity, a celebration, a recurring happiness, and a feast. In Islam, there are two major 'Eids namely the feast of Ramadhan ('EId Al-Fitr) and the Feast of Sacrifice ('Eid Al-Adhha). The first 'Eid is celebrated by Muslims after fasting the month of Ramadhan as a matter of thanks and gratitude to Almighty Allah. It takes place on the first day of Shawwal, the tenth month of the lunar calendar. The second 'Eid is the Feast of Sacrifice and it is to be celebrated for the memory of prophet Ibrahim trying to sacrifice his son Isma'il (Ishmael). This 'Eid lasts four days between the tenth and the thirteenth day of Zul-Hijjah, the twelfth month of the lunar calendar.

Fitnah () -

means civil strife, war, riots.

Fitrah (fit-rah) -
An Arabic term designating the innate, original spiritual orientation of every human being towards God the Creator. Muslims believe that God endowed everything in Creation with a tendency towards goodness, piety and God-consciousness, and that one's environment, upbringing, and circumstances serve to enhance or obscure this tendency. (Source:CIE)

Fuqaha () -

plural form of faqih.

Ghazwah () -

military expedition.


Reports on the sayings and the traditions of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) or what he witnessed and approved are called Hadith. These are the real explanation, interpretation, and the living example of the Prophet (s.a.w.) for teachings of the Qur'an. His sayings are found in books called the Hadith books.

Some famous collectors of Hadith are Imam Al-Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam An-Nasa'i, Imam Abu Dawood, Imam At-Tirmizi, and Imam Majah. There are many others.

Hadith (ha-deeth) -
Unlike the verses contained in the Qur'an, Hadith are the sayings and traditions of Prophet Muhammad himself, and form part of the record of the Prophet's Sunnah (way of life and example). The Hadith record the words and deeds, explanations, and interpretations of the Prophet concerning all aspects of life. Hadith are found in various collections compiled by Muslim scholars in the early centuries of the Muslim civilization. Six such collections are considered most authentic. (Source:CIE)

Halal (ha-laal) -
Arabic term designating that which is deemed lawful in Islam, based on the two authoritative sources, the Qur'an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad. (Source:CIE)

Halal () -

something that is lawful and permitted in Islam.

Haqq () -

the Truth.

Haraam () -

something which is unlawful or prohibited in Islam.

Haraam (ha-raam) -
Arabic term designating that which is deemed unlawful or forbidden in Islam, based on the two authoritative sources, the Qur'an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad. Muslims must refrain from all things or actions designated haram. (Source:CIE)

Haram () -

a Haram is a sanctuary, a sacred territory. Mecca has been considered a Haram since the time of Abraham. All things within the limit of the Haram are protected and considered inviolable Madinah was also declared a Haram by the Prophet.

Hijrah (hij-rah) -
The migration in 622 C.E. of Prophet Muhammad and members of the Muslim community from the city of Makkah to the city of Yathrib, later renamed Madinah an-Nabi (city of the Prophet) in honor of Muhammad. The Islamic lunar calendar, often called the Hijri calendar, is dated from this important event, which marks the beginning of an Islamic state (in Madinah) in which the Shari'ah (Islamic Law) was implemented. (Source:CIE)

Iqamah (IQAAMAH) -

Iqamah is an Arabic word that refers to the second call for the prayer which follows the first call (Adhan). Iqamah means that the prayer is ready to start. It is to be recited in Arabic before every obligatory prayer. It is composed of specific words and phrases very closely related to the Adhan.

Isa (ee-sa) -
Jesus, an eminent prophet in Islam. Muslims believe that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was a chaste and pious woman, and that God miraculously created Jesus in her womb. After his birth, he began his mission as a sign to humankind and a prophet of God, calling people to righteousness and worship of God alone. Muslims do not believe Jesus was crucified, but rather that God spared him such a fate and ascended him to Heaven. (Source:CIE)

Isma'il (iss-ma-eel) -
The elder son of Abraham, born to his wife Hajar. When he was about thirteen years old, Isma'il helped Abraham build the Ka'bah as a place for monotheists to worship the One God. He, along with his younger brother Is'haq (Isaac), are considered by Muslims to have been prophets in their own right. (Source:CIE)

Jahannam () -

means Hell.

Jihad (JIHAAD) -

It is an Arabic word the root of which is Jahada, which means to strive for a better way of life. The nouns are Juhd, Mujahid, Jihad, and Ijtihad. The other meanings are: endeavor, strain, exertion, effort, diligence, fighting to defend one's life, land, and religion.

Jihad should not be confused with Holy War; the latter does not exist in Islam nor will Islam allow its followers to be involved in a Holy War. The latter refers to the Holy War of the Crusaders.

Jihad is not a war to force the faith on others, as many people think of it. It should never be interpreted as a way of compulsion of the belief on others, since there is an explicit verse in the Qur'an that says:There is no compulsion in religionAl-Qur'an: Al-Baqarah (2:256).

Jihad is not a defensive war only, but a war against any unjust regime. If such a regime exists, a war is to be waged against the leaders, but not against the people of that country. People should be freed from the unjust regimes and influences so that they can freely choose to believe in Allah.

Not only in peace but also in war Islam prohibits terrorism, kidnapping, and hijacking, when carried against civilians. Whoever commits such violations is considered a murderer in Islam, and is to be punished by the Islamic state. during wars, Islam prohibits Muslim soldiers from harming civilians, women, children, elderly, and the religious men like priests and rabies. It also prohibits cutting down trees and destroying civilian constructions.

Jihad (ji-haad) -
Jihad is an Arabic word which derives from the three-letter root j-h-d, and means "to exert oneself" or "to strive." Other meanings include endeavor, strain, effort, diligence, struggle. Usually understood in terms of personal betterment, jihad may also mean fighting to defend one's (or another's) life, property, and faith. Because jihad is a highly nuanced concept, it should not be understood to mean "holy war," a common misrepresentation. (Source:CIE)

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