9 Important dates related to the Quran
CE 610: First verses of the Quran revealed.
CE 620: Five daily prayers are made obligatory and the Prophet experiences his Night Journey to Jerusalem and Ascension to Heaven.
AH 2 - CE 624: Verses revealed that make zakat (giving in charity) and fasting in Ramadan compulsory and which change the direction of prayer to Mecca.
AH 11 - CE 632: The final Quranic revelation occurs, the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ dies and Abu Bakr becomes the Caliph.
AH 11 - CE 633: The first collection of the Quran is completed under Abu Bakr.
AH 13 - CE 634: Abu Bakr dies and Umar ibn al-Khattab becomes the caliph; Umar is entrusted with the collected texts of the Quran, which he later entrusts to his daughter Hafsa.
AH 23 - CE 644: Umar dies and Uthman ibn Affan becomes the Caliph.
AH 24 - CE 645: Uthman commissions Zayd and his committee to create an official codex of the Qur'an to be circulated through the Muslim provinces.
The Uthmanic Codex is finalized and disseminated throughout the Muslim lands; any variants are destroyed.
AH 35 - CE 656: Uthman dies and Ali ibn Abi Talib (Muhammad's ﷺ son-in-law) becomes the Caliph.
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Topics: History, Quran