The Quran provides proof of its message from Nature and the laws that govern it. It says that the entire universe is functioning smoothly, steadily, and quietly because everything in it is subject to divine laws (2:116, 3:109, 4:126).
In the same way, divine laws are given for the smooth functioning of human societies. All the objects have been created in the physical universe to automatically follow Nature's divine laws (57:1, 59:1, 61:1, 62:1, 64:1). But in the human universe, Allah has given free will and freedom of choice to humans. Allah wants humans to govern their societies using the divine laws now contained in Allah's final Book, the Quran, by their own free will and choice:
وَقُلِ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ ۖ فَمَن شَاءَ فَلْيُؤْمِن وَمَن شَاءَ فَلْيَكْفُرْ
(18:29) – And say: "The truth [has now come] from your Sustainer: let, then, him who wills, believe in it, and let him who wills, reject it." [Asad]
إِنَّا هَدَيْنَاهُ السَّبِيلَ إِمَّا شَاكِرًا وَإِمَّا كَفُورًا
(76:3) – Verily, We have shown him the way: [and it rests with him to prove himself] either grateful or ungrateful. [Asad]
Because Allah has granted free will to humans, all messengers faced tough opposition from the ungrateful, short-sighted, egocentric, and self-centered vested groups – i.e., from the forces of falsehood (23:44, 36:30). Allah told all His messengers to remain laser-focused on the divine mission of broadcasting the divine message to people and not to make any compromises with the forces of falsehood; that by remaining unswervingly steadfast in their commitment to the divine mission, they will ultimately be successful (10:109, 11:105, 16:127).
The task of divine message propagation that was led by the Prophet (PBUH) faced similar challenges from the enemies and ultimately entered its last phase of success despite all the attempts of its enemies to crush it. Despite all the obstructions they put in its path and all the wars they waged against the Prophet (PBUH) and his companions. All groups which propagate and spread the Divine message are burdened with the great responsibility of establishing the Divine Order. So, they keep on moving onward slowly and steadily, spreading the Divine program to all humankind.
The word Dhaariyaat (ذاریات) is to spread something higher and higher so that it is able to reach far and wide. The appropriate name in English that will convey this meaning is to "broadcast." The revolutionary movement to realize the Prophet's divine program (PBUH) and his group of Monineen did expand, and its message did spread far and wide. This was bound to happen.
The first stage in the Quranic revolution consists of a slow, quiet, and steady broadcast of its message. Therefore, this is the first step to be undertaken by groups involved in this revolution; because this revolution occurs through their hands. This is not the overnight turmoil caused by tyrannical forces such as Genghis or Hulegu that erupt suddenly like an earthquake. The Quranic program creates a peaceful revolution in the minds and hearts of people. The first step of this program is to publically invite people to ponder on the teaching and the laws of the Quran; it is to spread its universal message slowly, steadily, and peacefully; it is to broadcast its message far and wide.
Then the Quran says that Momineen steadily keeps moving ahead. Their revolutionary movement is like life invigorating, slow and steady, early morning breeze. It is not like the storms or hurricanes that devastate everything in their path.
This slow unconscious Quranic revolution is a revolution of hearts and minds. This is why it needs to be slow and steady to penetrate the subconscious mind resulting in a deep change of heart. This transformative change inside the heart and soul of individuals leads to a paradigm shift in their mental outlook and psychic disposition. There is nothing in Islam that could be spread like a storm. Islam creates a revolution in hearts that happens slowly and deliberately without creating turmoil.
Momineen moves onward slowly and steadily. They do not stop. Stopping at a place is death, as Allama Iqbal says:
Not having the taste to move and act is self-imprisonment;
When one stops and does not move, then one gets hunted!
Islam is a dynamic movement. It cannot be static. It must move but at a slow and steady pace. Momineen moves onward slowly and steadily, spreading the Divine program to the whole of humankind. They constantly work hard to spread Allah's universal attributes and His message to the whole world. Allah's Law of Requital will produce the results of all their efforts devoted to establishing the divine program in the real world.
The Quran is a coherent Book. There is coherence amongst its verses, and there is coherence amongst its Surahs. This a holistic divine program that is given in the Quran. And the events allude to the fact that this revolution will succeed and that the الدِّينَ (Al-Deen) of Allah will be established (9:33). الدِّينَ (Al-Deen) is a very comprehensive word. It means the consequent return of every action; prodigious revolution; divine constitution; a divine system of life.
The Quran says:
إِنَّ الدِّينَ لَوَاقِعٌ
(51:5) – And verily Judgment and Justice must indeed come to pass. [Yusuf Ali]
Whatever the divine message says is true. The final decisive event is bound to happen. So, the question is: How this will happen. The Quran brings the proof from Nature:
وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الْحُبُكِ
(51:7) – CONSIDER the sky full of starry paths! [Asad]
Meaning of حُبُكِ (Hubuk)
The word حُبُكِ (Hubuk) means something which is one initially but scatters into different fragments, and each fragment is thrown out on a path towards a specific destination. These aspects – being together initially and then different fragments being thrown with each fragment steadily orbiting and moving towards a specific destination – all these aspects are included in the meaning of the word حُبُكِ (Hubuk). And السَّمَاءِ (As-Samaa) means Celestial or astronomical objects such as planets, stars, or galaxies. Scientists have now concluded that the universe started with a Big Bang with infinitely dense nebula, which scattered particles at high speed that formed into orbiting planets, stars, and galaxies moving towards their appointed destination.
The Quran says:
كُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ
(21:33) – all of them floating through space! [Asad]
Each one is floating through space in its orbit. All this is included in one word حُبُكِ (Hubuk). Who could have said this 1,400 years ago – and that too in one word?!
Topical concordance in the Quran is the best way to understand its meanings. So, let's do this. The following verse clearly explains the meaning of the word حُبُكِ (Hubuk):
أَوَلَمْ يَرَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَنَّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ كَانَتَا رَتْقًا فَفَتَقْنَاهُمَا ۖ وَجَعَلْنَا مِنَ الْمَاءِ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ حَيٍّ ۖ أَفَلَا يُؤْمِنُونَ
(21:30) – ARE, THEN, they who are bent on denying the truth not aware that the heavens and the earth were [once] one single entity, which We then parted asunder? – and [that] We made out of the water every living thing? Will they not, then, [begin to] believe? [Asad]
Out of their sheer ignorance, some people take natural phenomena as deities or divinities. This is despite the fact that Allah has created the entire universe. Every object in it operates without any discrepancy according to laws—generally referred to as the laws of Nature – consigned by Allah. At present, various phenomena in the universe appear to them as functioning separately from one another. Still, they do not seriously ponder that in the initial stages of creation, all of them were one spinning condensed nebula that Allah then scattered. The various celestial bodies started floating in their orbits (21:33; 36:40). Take, for example, the planet earth. In its initial stages, it separated from the original mass, just like a stone thrown out from a catapult (79:30). And the next extremely important thing is how life started after the universe was created. This again no one could have said this 1400 years ago: وَجَعَلْنَا مِنَ الْمَاءِ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ حَيٍّ (21:30). When the earth became ready to support or produce living things, Allah started life from the water. All living things are created from water.
This gigantic universe is working perfectly smoothly. All its planets, stars, and galaxies are working precisely. They are moving extremely fast towards their assigned destinations without any hitch or error, or discrepancy. Suppose there is even a microscopic variation in the speed of just one planet from its assigned speed. In that case, the entire planetary system will collapse, leading to the whole universe's collapse. But the planets not only spin around their axes but also revolve around their independent orbits in perfect synchrony. This is the case with the outer universe. What about the human universe? Are humans learning the lesson from Nature how to function smoothly? They are not learning lesson as the Quran says:
إِنَّكُمْ لَفِي قَوْلٍ مُّخْتَلِفٍ (51:8) – Verily, [O men,] you are deeply at variance as to what to believe. [Asad]
And here are humans who are deeply in conflict with each other, with different opinions and different destinations. They say one thing at one time and say something else at another time. They tell something at one place and say something else at another place. Their life is full of contradictions – with different thoughts and differing goals.
Allah's Law of Requital
Allah's law of requital keeps a watchful eye on every human action. The Quran says that the initiative starts with humans, and Allah's law of requital follows it to produce the consequent result. If humans decide to follow the right path, then the results will be excellent and productive. If they decide to follow the wrong path, then the results will be harmful and destructive. The Quran emphasizes this by many examples to drill home this point. For example, it says:
فَلَمَّا زَاغُوا أَزَاغَ اللَّـهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ
(61:5) – And so, when they swerved from the right way, God let their hearts swerve from the truth [Asad]
When they turned away from the truth, the Law of Requital turned their hearts away from the truth. The Divine Law states that people who knowingly go astray cannot reach the correct destination. This is the eternal divine law. And there is no change in this law for anyone. The Quran's message is based on clear-cut logic and proof, and it asks for logic and evidence from others for their decisions:
هَاتُوا بُرْهَانَكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ
(2:111) – Produce an evidence for what you are claiming if what you say is true! [Asad]
But their condition is such that they are involved in a crooked argument. What is the result of this?
(51:10) – They but destroy themselves, they who are given to guessing at what they cannot ascertain. [Asad]
Those who select the wrong path do not have any concrete argument, reason, or authority. They resort to mere guesswork and take speculative decisions, and thus they destroy themselves.
They will be told:
ذُوقُوا فِتْنَتَكُمْ هَـٰذَا الَّذِي كُنتُم بِهِ تَسْتَعْجِلُونَ
(51:14) – Taste this your trial! It is this that you were so hastily asking for! [Asad]
This is the chastisement for which you were in such a hurry! Then taste this punishment! Allama Iqbal put this in a beautiful allegorical style:
Your civilization with its own dagger will commit suicide
The house built on a weak branch will fall to the ground!