Ar-Rahmaan - Keeper of the stores of Mercy


This Surah (chapter of the Quran) is entitled Ar-Rahmaan, the word with which it begins. This title, however, deeply relates to the subject matter of the Surah too, for in it, from the beginning to the end, the manifestations and fruits of God's attribute of mercy and grace have been mentioned. 1


Ar-Rahmaan (Quran Chapter 55)

Faint reflections that they are of the Arabic original, translations can never be a substitute for the sublime Qur'an. I offer this translation in humility, deeply aware of its imperfections; and deeply indebted for the efforts of those who have preceded me in this endeavor: Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Abul Ala' Maududi, Mohammad M. Pickthall, A. J. Arberry, Muhammad Asad, and M. A. S. Abdel Haleem.

Translated by M. Shahid Alam

All journeys begin in the name of Allaah.
Only He is Rahmaan and Raheem.

He is Rahmaan: He taught the Qur'aan.
He made Insaan: taught him Bayaan

The sun and moon move in exact orbits. 5
The plants and trees grow in adoration.

He raised the sky and set up the Meezaan 
so that you do not tip the Meezaan.
Then weigh your acts with justice: 
do not abandon the Meezaan.

The earth He laid out for your sustenance: 10
for you are fruits, palms with spades, 
grains, and herbs spreading fragrance.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

Insaan He made from ringing potter's clay:
and Jinns from fire without smoke. 15

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

Rabb of the two risings in the East
and the two settings in the West.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

At His command the two seas come together:
between them a barrier they do not go over. 20

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

Out of their depths come pearls and Marjaan.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

The ships on the sea are like mountains
lofty: their journey He sustains.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 25
How many will you deny?

All things on earth shall perish: evanescent. 
Only the Face of your Rabb abides:
lofty in Jalaal, bestowing Ikraam.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

All things that are in heaven, on earth, 
forever turn to Him. Every day He discloses
new signs of His splendor.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 30 
How many will you deny?

O vast legions of the two: Jinn and Insaan,
attend We will to your affairs: and settle your accounts!

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

O party of Jinns and Insaan, have you the power
to go past the rings of heaven and earth?
If you do, come take your chance. No!
Without Authority you may not advance.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

Against your gambit, We shall erect 35
walls of fire and molten brass: ending your escapade.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

Inflamed, the firmament will strip away
turning red like hide freshly tanned.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

On that day they will face no questions
Concerning their sins: Jinn or Insaan.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 40
How many will you deny?

By their faces will the sinners be spotted:
and seized by their forelocks and their feet.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings: 
How many will you deny?

This is the Hell - none other than this -
which the sinners denied in hubris.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

Now, this is their world: they scurry
about, between boiling water and fire.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 45
How many will you deny?

They that are in awe, trembling
as they enter the Maqaam of their Rabb:
they shall have two gardens

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

with trees offering shade,

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings?
How many will you deny?

two brooks flowing gently, 50

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

fruits in abundance, two of each kind.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings?
How many will you deny?

On couches lined with brocades, they shall rest:
fruits from the two gardens at hand.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 55
How many will you deny?

Companions they shall have, their glances turning,
never touched before by Jinn or Insaan:

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

matchless, like rubies and Marjaan.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

What are the wages of Ihsaan - other than Ihsaan? 60

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

There are two gardens beyond the two:

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

each exceedingly green,

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 65 
How many will you deny?

watered abundantly by two streams, 

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

decked with fruits - dates and Rummaan,

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

overflowing with goodness and beauty, 70

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

dark-eyed companions, sheltered in pavilions,

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

never touched before by Jinn or Insaan.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 75
How many will you deny?

Together, they shall rest on cushions,
green: and carpets finely wrought.

Do you deny your Rabb's blessings? 
How many will you deny?

Blessed is the name of your Rabb: 
lofty in Jalaal, bestowing Ikraam.


Glossary:

Ar-Rahmaan: the Keeper of the stores of Mercy. Bayaan: speech. Jinn: sentient creature, belonging to the Unseen Order. Ihsaan: kindness, goodness. Ikraam: bounty, generosity. Insaan: gender-free Arabic for human being. Jalaal: majesty, power, wrath. Maqaam: station, abode, standing place. Marjaan: small pearls or corals. Meezaan: the balance, order. Rabb: lord, creator, sustainer. Rummaan: pomegranates.

 

Note:

1 Syed Abu-Ala' Maududi's Chapter Introductions to the Qur'an

 

M. Shahid Alam is professor of economics at Northeastern University. His political essays are now available in a book, Is There An Islamic Problem (Kuala Lumpur: The Other Press, 2004). He may be reached at [email protected] Visit his webpage at: http://msalam.net.

Is There An Islamic Problem

Is There An Islamic Problem - Essays on Islamicate Societies, the US & Israel.

The author has aptly dedicated his work to the victims of Empire, who die and are maimed by the thousands every day of the year including September Eleven. 

Price: $15

 


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  14 Comments   Comment

  1. abubakar yaqub umar from nigeria

    assalamu alaikum warahamatullahi wabarakatuhu

    iabubakar i"am very happy with this massege that you have sent to me thank you.

  2. rahmat aremu from nigeria

    as salam,i am very happy when i see the meaning of that surat rahmon,jasakunmuluho,ma salam

  3. Ayesha Unais from Germany

    Could you please let me know the quran chapter /sura where it states that a muslim woman have to cover the head.

    Thank you

  4. Nafisat Murtada from Nigeria

    Assalamu Allaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuhum,

    I am very happy to read this version of the Holy Qur'an, I will like to be a full member Insha Allah . For I don't have money at hand to process the membership card yet; because am processing my admission into the Higher Instiute of learning for now.

    Please I need your assistance in Prayer for Allah (SWT) to guide me through my future ambitions and save me from the agitated material desires.

    May Allah (SWT) guide and protect each and everyone of us from our desires.

  5. ali from USA

    Assalamalaikum: Mashallah very beautifully written and easy to understand the theme of the Surah especially for the young kids. Jazakhallah khair.

  6. MARIAM J. MOHAMMED

    I am happy to see and read this translated version of this surah. It is my husband's favourite chapter and it says all.Which of the favours of Allah can we really deny? None, we have to actually acknoledge all his favours daily.

  7. Saddy from sinapore

    Mashaallah, beautiful traslation. Praise be to Allah the most Merciful.

  8. Rashida Binti Hashim from South Africa

    Masha-Allah, this meaning is beautiful - During the month of Ramdadaan in Cape Town we hear our imaam reciting this Surah whilst crying. Now we have a much better understanding - Shukran. May ALLAH reward us all Insha-Allah

  9. Lala Mohammed from India

    Alhamdurilla, reading sura Ar Rahman my fear for Allah increased a lot. Thanks for this article and look forward to see other suras- Assalamu alaikkum.

  10. syed shahabuddin from India

    MashaAllah it is one of the best translations in English.When we recite the surah in Arabic, it creates in us a feeling of awe and wonder as well as reminds us the blessing of Allah.The translation also attracts us and creates the same feeling which I feel is commendable job.If there are some more translation of other surahaas,plz post on website.I will be great work if the translator also writes tafseer or bayan of this surah.plz reply to my comments.

  11. Umm Isa from bahrain

    mashallah i like this artical alot.makes one think of ones action daily. Did we ever deny the blessings of Allah ? AsghfirAllah atheem

  12. Sster Aishah Ali from U.S.A.

    Reading this has made me take a look

    at my daily life, to make sure I'm giving

    THANKS& PRAISE to ALLAH.BECAUSE ALL THINGS ARE

    FROM ALLAH .From the air we breath to the birth

    of our children I AM THANKFUL TO ALLAH FOR

    IT ALL!! May ALLAH HAVE MERCY ON US ALL AMEEN

  13. Mrs Shaheen Masood from India

    Mashallah beautifully translated Surah Ar Rahmaan

    You've made it possibly for a young child to understand so easily.Keep the good work going and make Surahs of the QURAAN-E-MAJEED easy for us.Its so easy to understand ALLAH JALLE SHANAHUS creation in such easy words.INDEED ALLAH IS THE MIGHTIEST OF ALL WHO CREATED THIS WORLD, THIS UNIVERSE which is beyond our imaginations.GOD bless all. Ameen.

  14. Adam Ibrahim Muhammad from Nigeria

    Yes "Blessed is the name of your Rabb:

    lofty in Jalaal(Majesty), bestowing Ikraam(Bounty)" INDEED.

    Alhamdu lillahil-lazi hadaina li zalik.

    Salam.