Shiite, Sunni and 'Sushi' Muslims

Category: Faith & Spirituality, Middle East Topics: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Shia-Sunni Relations Channel: Opinion Views: 7087
7087



The vast majority of Sunnis and Shiites live together in peace. Sunni-Shiite tension is politics in religious garb, and it only leads to division and discord at a time when Muslims need love and unity, notes Hesham Hassaballa.

The entrance of Saudi troops into Bahrain in support of the government there was a disturbing escalation for me. The protests in Bahrain are an internal, local issue, and what Saudi Arabia has to do with another country's internal dispute is beyond me. If it were to intervene anywhere, why not do something about the ongoing massacre in Libya? Yes, Bahrain is right next door while Libya is hundreds of miles away, but - from this Muslim's perspective - it doesn't add up.

That is until you realize that, in Bahrain, it is Shiites protesting against a Sunni ruling elite. About Saudi Arabia's move, (Beirut) Daily Star editor-at-large Rami Khouri says, "It accelerates the long-simmering ideological war between some Arab leaders and the Iranian government, with an unspoken but strong undertone of Shiite-Sunni tensions." There is a considerable Shiite minority in Eastern Saudi Arabia - right next to Bahrain - and perhaps the Saudi troops are a signal that they will not tolerate the same uprising on its own soil by Shiites. Perhaps, as some see it, the Saudi move is a signal to Iran that it is ready to resist further encroachment of Persian influence in the region. Only time will tell.

Yet, a persistent undercurrent to the conflict in Bahrain and between most Arab governments and Iran is the Sunni-Shiite "divide." I place this word in quotations on purpose, because, at its essence, the difference between Sunni and Shiite Islam is quite minor.

At its core, the "divide" between Sunnis and Shiites is a dispute over religious leadership. At the time of the death of the Prophet Muhammad (632 AD), there was a disagreement over who should rightly succeed the Prophet's leadership. Some felt it should have stayed in the House of the Prophet, and specifically, pass to his cousin and son-in-law, Ali. The majority of the people, however, elected the Prophet's close friend and companion Abu Bakr. Indeed, even Ali briefly did not accept the leadership of Abu Bakr, but he eventually gave Abu Bakr his full allegiance. In the reign of the first three Caliphs, in fact, there was no such thing as the Sunni and Shiite "divide."

It was only during the civil war in the reign of Ali that the term "Shiite" even came into being, coming from the Arabic "Shi'at Ali," or "partisan of Ali." Essentially, Shiite Muslims assert that religious (and political) authority stems from and resides in the House of the Prophet. Over the years, Shiite Islam evolved and developed a number of offshoots, but this is its core belief. Sunni Islam, on the other hand, is more "democratic," in that religious (and political) leadership can reside with anyone in the larger community, as long as the community accepts that person's qualifications.

Another important distinction between Sunnis and Shiites is the issue of the probity, or upright character, of all of the Prophet Muhammad's Companions. It is a fundamental part of Sunni doctrine, whereas some Shiites do not necessarily ascribe to it.

Yet, the core beliefs of Sunnis and Shiites are the same: They both worship the One God of Abraham, Moses, and Jesus; they both believe in the Prophethood of Muhammad; they both accept the Qur'an as holy scripture. Over time, differences in political philosophy developed into distinct schools of thought, especially with respect to matters of Islamic law, but this took centuries to develop. Many people associate with Shiites an intense love for the House of the Prophet, but this is also an essential aspect of Sunni belief: One cannot be truly Muslim and not love the family of the Prophet. In fact, two stalwarts of the Sunni community - Imam Malik and Imam Abu Hanifah - were ardent supporters of the House of the Prophet. They could be called "Political Shiites" because of this support.

Throughout Islamic history, Shiites have been oppressed and mistreated by the Sunni majority. And there have been members of both communities that maligned the other, and fanned the flames of sectarianism. Some Sunnis deem all Shiites as "heretics" and "infidels." Some Shiite extremists have maligned some of the Prophet's closest companions. But these are deviations of each tradition. The vast majority of Sunnis and Shiites have been living together in peace and harmony for centuries. The disputes that are raging today between Iran and the Sunni Arab states are all about politics; religion is merely a garb to hide the true nature of the conflict.

While technically I am a Sunni Muslim, there are many aspects of Shiite philosophy with which I have no problem. In fact, I have frequently called my self a "Sushi," a Sunni-Shiite hybrid, using a term coined by American Muslim leader Salam Al Marayati. I am completely against any stoking of Sunni-Shiite tension; it is completely sinister, and it only leads to division and discord at a time when Muslims need love and unity.

I may not participate in a Shiite religious ceremony, such as that on Ashura, but I will stand next to a Shiite Muslim in prayer any day. I am proud to call myself "Sushi." And I don't even like fish.

Source: Middle East Online - Hesham A. Hassaballa


  Category: Faith & Spirituality, Middle East
  Topics: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Shia-Sunni Relations  Channel: Opinion
Views: 7087

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Older Comments:
WAFA FROM KENYA said:
The true successor to The Holy Prophet Muhammad(as)cannot be "elected" selected or chosen by the people, simply because the religion is ALLAH's, the Laws are from ALLAH and the representative of ALLAH on earth ( prophets and Imams) can only be appointed by the ALL MIGHTY ad no one else. ALLAH swt has given us various clues as to who the successor to Prophet Muhammad should be.The verses 33:33, 5:55 and 3:61 are a few where the clues are evident. Prophet himself through his hadith has proclaimed Ali (as) to be his rightful successor and prophet spoke only what ALLAH commanded him to speak. The event of Ghadir just a few months before his passing is the best example. It beats me as to why Muslims continue to bicker over this when the evidence is so clear for us to identify
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ADNAN FROM PHILIPPINES said:
Salam-mu-alaykum.. Brother, while I was reading this, I encountered
a phrase that says "there is only a minor difference between the
Sunni and Shi'te faction of muslims" correct me If I'm wrong, but it
is an article of Shi'te Belief that one of the twelve Imams (Imam
Mahdi) is still alive and that was thousands of years ago. One more
thing, they believe that these so called Imams have the power to
control Destiny. In addition to that, they (Shi'te) also insulted
the three Caliphs before Ali (ra)by calling them Kafirs, according
to the book I have read (100 Fabricated Ahadith by Sheikh Abdullah
Faisal, Insulting the Companions of the Prophet(saw) especially the
three caliphs is an Insult to Allah (swt) and the Prophet (saw)
himself. And lastly, the reason why Shi'tes are so treacherous to
Islam is that it was founded by a Jew named Abdullah ibn Saba (same
book). On this basis, the difference between Sunni and Shi'tes are
very Big, it even contradicts the main teachings of Islam and all
the Prophets (Tawheed). Please don't take this negatively, it's just
many muslims may read your article and misinterpret it. It is my
Love for a Muslim brother that I am doing this. I Love you for the
sake of Allah. Allah knows best

Jazakhallahu Khairan to you for the article
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KHAN FROM US said:

Compare the Muslims leaders now and the time of Muhammad(s) and
early Muslims. They were called as Muslims/Ummi and never knowns as
Hanafees, shafaees,Hambalees, Malikis, Jafarees,Shiites,Sunnis or
other sects.

Quran 3:102 'O Ye who believe - Fear Allah as he ought to be feared
and die not other than a Muslim'
Qur'an 6:15 'Verily, those who divide their religion and break up
into sects (all kinds of religious sects), you (O Muhammad SAW) have
no concern in them in the least. Their affair is only with Allh,
Who then will tell them what they used to do'.


Quran7:26' O Children of Adam!
Quran49:13 "O mankind! We created you from a male (Adam) & a female
(Eve) & made you into nations & tribes that you may know & honor
each other (not that you should despise one another).

Quran 6:151 '... take not life, which GOD hath made sacred, except by
the way of justice & law: thus doth HE command you, that ye may
learn Wisdom...'(This applies also to slaughtering lawful animals used
as food).
Hadith: "Killing of one innocent person is equal to killing of whole
humanity".'You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity'.

Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said:"This is why those who are in
authority are of two groups: the scholars and the rulers. If they
are upright, the people will be upright; if they are corrupt, the
people will be corrupt."


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DR KHAN FROM USA said:
Dear Brothers and Sisters, We all are human being and children of Adam and Eve with same goals aspirations & feelings etc .We all are muslims lets us dwell in positive and common things rather than past.Lets us not divide & create more groupings under different names. Thanks
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