The Scholar "Imam Abu Hanifah" (80-150 A.H.)


"Imam Abu Hanifah" - Nu'man ibn Thabit 80-150 A.H.

Better known as 'Imam-e-Azam' (The Greatest Imam), or by his kunyah 'Abu Hanifah', Nu'man ibn Thabit was born in the city of Kufa (modern day Iraq) in the year 80 A.H (689 A.D). Born into a family of tradesmen, the Imam's family were of Persian origin as well as descending from the noble Prophets (saw) companion Salman al Farsi (ra). Imam Abu Hanifahs father Thabit had met in Kufa, Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (ra) who made dua for him and his progeny, and some say that Abu Hanifah was a result of this dua.

A hadith given by al Bukhari and Muslim states that Abu Hurairah narrated Allah's messenger (saw) as saying: "if the Deen (faith) were at the Pleides , even then a person from Persia would have taken hold of it, or one amongst the Persian descent would surely have found it". Abu Huraira also narrates: "We were sitting in the company of Allah's Apostle (saw) when Surah al Juma was revealed to him and when he recited amongst them (those who were sitting there) said 'Allah s Messenger?' but Allah's Apostle (saw) made no reply, until he was questioned once, twice or thrice, and there was amongst us Salman the Persian. Allah's Apostle (saw) placed his hand on Salman and then said: "Even if faith were near the Pleides a man from amongst these would surely find it".

Imam as-Suyuti a Shafi alim (rh) remarked "It has been communicated unanimously that this hadith refers to Imam Abu Hanifah".

Kufa at the time of the Imams birth was a great centre of knowledge and learning , with many of the noble Prophets (saw) companions (ra) having taken residence there. Due to the presence of these venerable people who had engendered so much interest in hadith and riwayat that practically every house in Kufa had become a centre of these disciples and their disciplines. At first , Imam Abu Hanifah was not a student of knowledge. However, by coincidence, whilst one day passing by the house of Sha'bi (acclaimed "Great Scholar among the Successors"), Abu Hanifah was called in by the shaykh who mistook him for a student. "Where are you going young man?" asked Sha'bi. Abu Hanifah named the merchant he was going to see. "I meant to ask" asked Sha'bi. "Who's classes you attend?". "Nobody's" replied the Imam regretfully. "I see signs of intelligence in you" began Sha'bi, "you should sit in the company of learned men". It was after this encounter that the young Imam began his quest for knowledge. Imam Abu Hanifah acquired knowledge from over four thousand people. His teachers included many prestigious men of the time whose sanad went back to a number of companions (ra). He himself was blessed with the meeting of the companions: Anas ibn Malik, Abdullah ibn Afwa and Sahl ibn Sa'ad (ra), thus gaining him the rank of being a Tabi'i (successor to the companions).

Amongst Imam Abu Hanifah's shayukh was Hammad ibn Sulayman, he joined his circle at the age of 22, having already become a well known debater and studied with this shaykh until the latter's death, where upon he took over his majlis (circle) at the age of forty. Shu'ba, a leading muhaddith who knew by heart two thousand traditions was also a teacher of Imam Abu Hanifah. Shu'ba was greatly attached to Imam Abu Hanifah saying "Just as I know that the sun is bright I know that learning and Abu Hanifah are doubles of each other".

The Imam's quest for knowledge inevitably took him to the Holy Sanctuaries, at a time when Makkah was a busy centre for learning. A number of acknowledged masters of Hadith, who had had access to the Prophets (saw) companions (ra) had established their own schools there. Of these was 'Ata bin Rabah's school. 'Ata was a famous Tabi'i who had associated with most of the companions and acquired from this association a status of authority. He himself claimed to have met two hundred men who had associated with the Noble Prophet (saw). The leading companions all acknowledged his learning. Abdullah ibn 'Umar (ra), son of the caliph 'Umar often used to say: "Why do people come to me when 'Ata ibn Abi Rabah is there for them to go to?". Of the other Muhaddithin of Makkah whose classes the Imam attended was 'Ikrimah. He was the slave and pupil of Abdullah ibn 'Abbas, who educated him with great care and attention, making him so proficient that he, during his own lifetime gave Imam Abu Hanifah the authority to exercise personal judgment and rulings. 'Imam Abu Hanifah was the first to analyze Islamic jurisprudence, divide it into subjects, distinguish its issues and determine the range and criteria for analytical reasoning (Qiyas)'.

Al Hafiz al-Kabir Abu Bakr Ahmad al- Harizmi wrote in his book (Musnad), 'Saif al Aimma' reports that when Imam Abu Hanifah derived a matter from the Qur'an and Hadith, he would not give the answer to the inquirer unless all of them (his students) confirmed it. One thousand of Abu Hanifah's disciples attended all his classes when he taught in the mosque of Kufa city. Forty of them were mujtahids. When he would find an answer for a matter he would suggest to his students who would study it together, and when they reached an agreement of it being consistent with The Qur'an and Hadith, and with the words of the Sahabah, he would be delighted and say, "Al-hamdu li'llah wallahu Akbar", and all those who were present would repeat his words. Then he would tell them to write it down.

Ibn 'Abd al- Barr relates in al-Intiqa', 'Abd Allah ibn Ahmad al-Dawraqi said: "Ibn Ma'inn was asked about Abu Hanifah as I was listening, so he said "He is trustworthy (thiqatun), I never heard that anyone had weakened him" No less than Shu'ba wrote to him (for narrations), and ordered him to narrate hadith'. Ibn Hajar said in Kharija ibn al Salt's notice in Tahdhib al-Tahdhib, Ibn Abi Khaythama said: "If al Shu'bi narrates from someone and names him, that man is trustworthy (thiqa) and his narration is used as proof (yuhtajju bi hadithihi)".

Many well known shuyukh narrated from Imam Abu Hanifah, to name but a few: al Thawri, ibn al-Mubarak, Hammad ibn Zayd and 'Abd al-Razzaq (one of Iman al-Bukhari's shaykh) Al Mizzi in Tahdhib al-Kamal names about one hundred names of those who narrated from Imam Abu Hanifah.

Imam as-Shafi (rh) is recorded to have stated: "All men of fiqh are Abu Hanifah's children," "...I would not have acquired anything of knowledge had it not been for my teacher. All men of knowledge are children of the ulema of Iraq, who were the disciples of the ulema of Kufa, and they were the disciples of Abu Hanifah".

The Hanafi madhab, entitled after the Imam, spread far and wide during the time of the Ottaman Empire. Today, more than half the Muslims on the earth perform their ibabdah according to the Hanafi madhab. The Hanafi school has decided court cases in the majority of Islamic lands for the greater part of Islamic history, including the Abbasis and Ottoman periods.

Not only was Imam Abu Hanifah's extraordinary mind and knowledge something to be admired but so too was his exemplary character and piety. Dhahabi writes "Accounts of his piety and devotion have reached a degree of tawatur" (i.e. an unbroken chain of uncontradicted narrations).

He was given the title of the 'Peg' by some, for his continuous standing in prayer, often reciting the entire Qur'an in his nightly rakahs. He performed the Fajr prayer with the ablution made for the Isha prayers for forty years, (due to him praying the whole night through). It is reported that he had recited the whole Qur'an seven thousand times in the place where he died.

He earned his living through trade, sending goods to other places and with the earnings he met the needs of his students. He gave much to charity and every Friday he would distribute twenty gold coins to the poor for his parents' souls.

In the year 146 A.H, Abu Hanifah was sent to prison by Mansur, the leader at the time, after the Imam's refusal to state that Mansur was the rightful khalifa, as well as refusing the position of presidency of the supreme court in recompense. Whilst in prison Imam Abu Hanifah was thrashed with a stick. Mansur repented and sent the Imam money, only to be refused again. By now Imam Abu Hanifah had become well known and thousands flocked to meet and seek his opinion wherever he went. His imprisonment far from reduced his popularity, and Mansur realized that he would have to treat the Imam carefully, thus he allowed him to teach whilst still in prison. Mansur finally decided to do away with the great Imam and had him poisoned. Abu Hanifah feeling the effects of the poison, bent down in prayer and died in the month on Rajab. News of the Imam's death reached far and wide, and thousands gathered at the prison. The city Qadi washed his body, and kept repeating "by God you were the greatest faqih and the most pious man of our time...".

By the time the bathing was finished so many people had assembled that the funeral prayer was performed attended by fifty thousand people.

The Great Imam died in Baghdad in 150 A.H at the age of seventy. May Allah swt. be pleased with him. Ameen.

This article was written by Maida Malik.

 


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  19 Comments   Comment

  1. DrMostafa

    i will post some authentic hadith.... readers please decide....
    Volume 007, Book 062, Hadith Number 001.

    Narated By Anas bin Malik : A group of three men came to the houses of the wives of the Prophet asking how the Prophet worshipped (Allah), and when they were informed about that, they considered their worship insufficient and said, "Where are we from the Prophet as his past and future sins have been forgiven." Then one of them said, "I will offer the prayer throughout the night forever." The other said, "I will fast throughout the year and will not break my fast." The third said, "I will keep away from the women and will not marry forever." Allah's Apostle came to them and said, "Are you the same people who said so-and-so? By Allah, I am more submissive to Allah and more afraid of Him than you; yet I fast and break my fast, I do sleep and I also marry women. So he who does not follow my tradition in religion, is not from me (not one of my followers)." (See also Saheeh Muslim, Book 008, Hadith Number 3236)

    Saheeh Muslim

    Book 037, Number 6623:
    Hanzala Usayyidi, who was amongst the scribes of Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him). reported: I met Abu Bakr. He said: Who are you? He (Hanzala) said: Hanzala has turned to be a hypocrite. He (Abu Bakr) said: Hallowed be Allah, what are you saying? Thereupon he said: I say that when we are in the company of Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) we ponder over Hell-Fire and Paradise as if we are seeing them with our very eyes and when we are away from Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) we attend to our wives, our children, our business; most of these things (pertaining to After-life) slip out of our minds. Abu Bakr said: By Allah, I also experience the same. So I and Abu Bakr went to Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said to him: Allah's Messenger, Hanzala has turned to be a hypocrite. Thereupon Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: What has happened to you? I said: Allah's Messenger, when we are in your company, we are reminded of Hell-Fire and Paradise as if we are seeing them with our own eyes, but whenever we go away from you and attend to our wives, children and business, much of these things go out of our minds. Thereupon Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if your state of mind remains the same as it is in my presence and you are always busy in remembrance (of Allah), the Angels will shake hands with you in your beds and in your paths but, Hanzala, time should be devoted (to the worldly affairs) and time (should be devoted to prayer and meditation). He (the Holy Prophet) said this thrice.

    Saheeh Muslim

    Book 006, Hadith Number 2588.

    He (Yahya) then narrated that 'Abdullah b Amr b. al-'As (Allah be pleased with them) told him: I used to observe fast uninterruptedly and recited the (whole of the) Qur'an every night. It (the uninterrupted fasting and recital of the Qur'an every night) was mentioned to the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) or he sent for me, and I went to him and he said to me: I have been informed that you fast continuously and recite (the whole of the Qur'an) every night. I said: Apostle of Allah, it is right, but I covet thereby nothing but good, whereupon he said: It suffices for you that you should observe fast for three days during every mouth. I said: Apostle of Allah, I am capable of doing more than this. He said: Your wife has a right upon you, your visitor has a right upon you, your body has a right upon you; so observe the fast of David, the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him), for he was the best worshipper of Allah. I said: Apostle of Allah, what is the fast of David? He said: He used to fast one day and did not fast the other day. He (also) said: Recite the Qur'an during every month. I said: Apostle of Allah, I am capable of doing more than this, whereupon he said: Recite it in twenty days; recite it in ten days. I said: I am capable of doing more than this, whereupon he said: Recite it every week, and do not exceed beyond this, for your wife has a right upon you, your visitor has a right upon you, your body has a right upon you.
    Saheeh Bukhari

    Volume 2, Book 21, Number 251n:
    Narrated 'Aisha:

    A woman from the tribe of Bani Asad was sitting with me and Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) came to my house and said, "Who is this?" I said, "(She is) So and so. She does not sleep at night because she is engaged in prayer." The Prophet said disapprovingly: Do (good) deeds which is within your capacity as Allah never gets tired of giving rewards till you get tired of doing good deeds."

    Volume 8, Book 76, Number 470:
    Narrated Abu Huraira:

    Allah's Apostle said, "The deeds of anyone of you will not save you (from the (Hell) Fire)." They said, "Even you (will not be saved by your deeds), O Allah's Apostle?" He said, "No, even I (will not be saved) unless and until Allah bestows His Mercy on me. Therefore, do good deeds properly, sincerely and moderately, and worship Allah in the forenoon and in the afternoon and during a part of the night, and always adopt a middle, moderate, regular course whereby you will reach your target (Paradise)."

  2. Maya V from AK

    Good article. People like Imam Abu Hanifah are rare and bright stars. He had enormous knowledge and great bravery. All salutes to this great man.

  3. Shuja from Canada

    First of all, I don't have to prove that the great Imam had actually prayed for decades with the same ablution of Isha until Fajr. How can I prove something that did not happen. Those who are claiming should provide the proof. Second, forget about Imam Abu Haneefah, even Abu Bakr or Ali (May Allah be please with them) cannot cross the boundaries of Shareeah. Third, Islam is not about praying all night or day. Islam is a religion of spirituality, social, economical and political setup. It does not matter persian or non-persian. It is irrelevant. Islam is all-weather religion belongs to all cultures. The hadeet narrated about the Imam is cooked up. We should not cross the boundaries of respecting our ulema. They are as humans as we are all. I don't want to be rude here, let me ask what is the guarantee that any of the imams will enter into paradise? Can somebody guarantee? Nobody! Even, the Prophet (saw) has not guranteed the paradise for all his companions. He gave the glad tidings to only few may be 10 to 15, no more than that. Islam is the religion of intelligence, not blind following. As I said, I am still subscribing to the Hanafi school of thought. But, I am not a blind follower. We should stop behaving like the children of Israel. The Glorious Qur'an warned us not to follow the foot steps of Bani Israel.

  4. Rouad from UAE

    Shajua,

    From what I understood from your comment,Imam Abu Hanifa will be punished for completing the Quran on his nightly prayers? since he's going against the Shariaa as you claim (assume that you do believe that it happened) your making your own judgment, and believe me no one has the right to judge but All Mighty Allah.

    No true believer worships our Scholars or our prophet (PBUH), Worship only Allah, but they are the way, as in the Authenticated Hadeeth that I mentioned earlier, (Scholars are the inheritors of the prophets). So with fiqh & Shareia issues, you must go to scholars for opinions, because they are learned men.

    BTW, Salman Al Farisi was one of the great Sahabi, nothing wrong with having Ulema/Scholars who are non-arabs (e.g. Persian).

    May Allah Guide us all.

    Peace

  5. Shuja from Canada

    I follow the Hanafi school of thought. I don't believe Imam had prayed with the ablution of Isha, the fajr prayers for 40 or 50 years. It is against the Shareeah. Your spouse has rights upon you. Even the Prophet (saw) did not do that, how come others can do it. Also, the hadeet related to the persian man is basically cooked up. In order to elevate the position of my imam, I will write amazing and unbeleivable stories. As I said, I have immense respect for the Imam, however, he was a man without wahi or revelation. Prophet (saw) has warned us of worshipping ulema. We should stop blindly following them. Allah's deen is simple and intelligent. This has nothing to do with whether you live in the west or east. Time has come that Muslims should go near to the Glorious Qur'an that is the only document guarded by Allah the Almighty. We have Sunnah on the other side. We should not divide ourselves because of Fiqh rulings. If Imam Abu Haneefah was so great, the how come we have 10's of other Fiqh schools. If that hadeet is correct, then how come other Imams had invented their Fiqhs. Give me a break here please? Other imams should have been the followers of Imam Abu Haneefah instad of inventing their own Fiqhs, after coming accross of that hadeet of a persian man!!!

  6. Rouad from UAE

    To Shajua,

    You are very extreme in your views. You are so confident of your claims that you will not listen to other peoples views. you fall into the same trap that you claim muslims fall in!

    Pls. see my comment correcting you on the article "Crusade 2.0." where again you try to belittle and discredit our Ulema. Intially I thought you might have done it unintentionally, but reading your comments, its delibrate.

    Do you have solid evidence and proof that Imam Abu Hanifa did not complete the quran in his prayers during the night? you seem to be so confident that you must have been there with him to descredit it? and if you don't have solid proof, then you are spreading false statemnts, which is dangerous.

    when you read articles of western people reading novels of 400-600p in one seating, U would probably believe it blindly. but when it comes to our Ulema reading 114 chapters of the holy quran, you instantly discredit it, why?

    And to the posts who question the possibility of it happening, remember a day has 24 hrs, you can do so much in 1 day, but we today are so consumed with work and entertainment, we seem to be wasting much valuable time and then we allways claim that we don't have much time. Imam Abu Hanifa used his time very wisely. Yes he did trade during the day, but that does not mean that he did it without sleeping! even today Arabs in the Middle east sleep during the afternoons, it's called Siesta.

    al-`Ulama' warathat al-Anbiya' (Our

    Ulema/Islamic Scholars are inheritors of the

    Prophets) no one who is a true believer would

    discredit any of our scholars who were giants in

    research, true scholarship and spirituality, Some Ulema have remembered thousands upon thousands of Ahadeeth with their chain of Rewayia's, unheard of in our time.

    Again, pls. stop your attacks on anything written to raise the status of our great scholars, your doing alot of damage, especially when don't have solid proof to support yo

  7. Muhammad Abdullah from Pakistan

    Though Imam Abu Hanifa was a great Imam. It doesn't mean to blindly follow him.

    Here are few words from Iman Abu Hanifa on obligation to accept hadeeth and give up the imam's view if contrary to it.

    1. "When a hadeeth is found to be saheeh, then that is my madhhab."

    2. "It is not permitted21 for anyone to accept our views if they do not know from where we got them."

    In one narration, "It is prohibited23 for someone who does not know my evidence to give verdicts24 on the basis of my words."

    Another narration adds, "... for we are mortals: we say one thing one day, and take it back the next day."

    In another narration, "Woe to you, O Ya'qub! Do not write down everything you hear from me, for it happens that I hold one opinion today and reject it tomorrow, or hold one opinion tomorrow and reject it the day after tomorrow."

    3. "When I say something contradicting the Book of Allaah the Exalted or what is narrated from the Messenger (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam), then ignore my saying."

    . Ibn 'Aabideen quoted from Sharh al-Hidaayah by Ibn al-Shahnah al-Kabeer, the teacher of Ibn al-Humaam, as follows:

    "When a hadeeth contrary to the Madhhab is found to be saheeh, one should act on the hadeeth, and make that his madhhab. Acting on the hadeeth will not invalidate the follower's being a Hanafi, for it is authentically reported that Abu Haneefah said, 'When a hadeeth is found to be saheeh, then that is my madhhab', and this has been related by Imaam Ibn 'Abdul Barr from Abu Haneefah and from other imaams."

    This is part of the completeness of the knowledge and piety of the Imaams, for they indicated by saying this that they were not versed in the whole of the Sunnah, and Imaam Shaafi'i has elucidated this thoroughly (see later). It would happen that they would contradict a sunnah because they were unaware of it, so they commanded us to stick to the Sunnah and regard it as part of their Madhhab. May Allaah shower His mercy o

  8. Haider from UK

    You fail to mention Imam Ja'far Sadiq (as) the great teacher of Abu Hanifa about whom Abu Hanifa states: "Lawla sanataan, la halaka Nu'maan" - If it wasnt with those 2 years (under Imam Ja'fer Sadiq (as), Indeed Nu'maan would have perished"

    This is indeed a great injustice to Imam Sadiq (as), known to be the greatest Faqeehs and most knowledgable person of his time.

  9. Shuja from Canada

    Ali Rahawi : Don't you see the difference between 40 years without stop and last ten days of Lailatul Qadr once in a year? Your wife will kick you out of the house, if you worship even one year continuously the whole night. She can actually take Qula. Don't worship ulema please! Ulema are successors to the Prophets (as), but worshipping ulema have destroyed Bani Israel. Quran says that. Balance your views. I also subscribe to Hanafi School of Thought, but Imam Abu Hanifa says that if you find anything from sunnah clashing with my views, throw my views against the wall. Let us get over with the jahiliah statements like "my shaikh, my imam". You people have caused great harm to Islam than the outsiders actually.

    Shuja

  10. Shuja from Canada

    A Foolish Story:

    "Once Imam Abu Hanifah was walking down a street, while some minors were playing on the street, one of them commented pointing towards the Imam that this Imam is a saint who performs ibadat whole night with the ablution of Isha until Fajr. Hearing that comment, the Imam got anxious that "what people are thinking so high about him", he started to do the same for the next 50 years".

    Analyzing the above story, combing with the teachings of the Glorious Qur'an and the traditions of the Prophet (saw), only fools can believe such nonsense. The above story was told none other than a Hifz Teacher to my Hafiz Son. I did not interefere out respect, but lie is a lie which we should desist to promote.

    First, Imam was not a saint, because Islam prohibits saint or priesthood. He was politically and socially active. His business was flourishing in the major centers in those days. He was highly intelligent, Persian background and loves to wear expensive clothes.

    Unfortunately, many of our Hanafi brothers of India and Pakistan who have no historical knowledge about Imam reckon him as a old saint, which he was not. Out of 85 thousand rulings he had passed, more than 50% of those consists of dealings. Hanafi Maslak is based upon logic (khyas), and other maslaaks especially Hanbali and Shaafi are more closely attached to ahadeet since the collection of ahadeet were not at full swing at the time of Imam Abu Haneefah. The greatness of Imam was more of his political stand when he stood in front of Mansur and said that your rule is non-Islamic.

    Shuja

  11. Shuja from Canada

    The greatness of Hanafi Fiqh is that it has developed through intensive debates. Most of the writings of Imam Abu Hanifah are lost. We are following the fiqh of Imam Abu Yousuf who could have started another Fiqh, but he did not do so. There were difference of opinions between Imam Abu Hanifah, Imam Abu Yousuf and Imam Mohammad Shybani on many issues, yet they loved and respected each other. Today, all the doors of ijtihad are closed. You cannot disagree with your ustad, you cannot raise questions, those are doubtful. Today, we are bunch of ignorants who can wage war against other fiqhs for even very menial issues.

    The difference between Islam and other relgions is very simple. Other religions are just religions emphasizing more on isolation and praying for long hours, while Islam is a system, it moderates a person between ibadaat and mamilaat. We are finished in mamilaat. Hananfi School of Thought is famous for maamilaat, not for ibadaat.

    Shuja

  12. Shuja from Canada

    We are supposed to follow Prophet (saw) and his prominent companions. None of them advocates praying all night. Your wife has right upon you. Your day time businesses have right upon you. Historically, it is false that Imam Abu Hanifah have prayed for 40 or 50 years the whole night. It is haram to deprive the rights of your wife. Imam Abu Hanifah was not only had a charming personality, but he used to wear very expensive clothes.

    How come a person can spend whole night in prayers, while performing flourishing business the whole next day, and on top of that, detailing and providing rulings on more than 85 thousand Fiqh issues is of course laughable. This is how our ummah is being misled by some fools. The greatness of Hanafi Fiqh is that they developed the fiqh by debates not like blind followers like some of us. Read the history first.

    During the period of Abbasid period, thousands and thousands of false and fabricated ahadeet were written from the top bottom to keep the ummah busy in praying like monks. Islam is a dynamic system, more than a religion. The praying of whole night is a concept only acceptable in India and Pakistan that too promoted and propagated by some ignorant institutions. The typical Indians and Pakistani believes that "if a person is saint, he or she cannot do anything wrong, and if they do wrong they are not saint". Nonsense.

    All learned ulema from Maulana Shibli to Maududi have denied that Imam used to pray whole night. Even the seerah of the Prophet (saw) never indicates such alien practice. Imam Abu Hanifah has given his life not praying the whole night, but because of his political views against Mansur, many of us conveniently ignore that. He even participated in the political revolt against Mansur. By the way, Prophet (saw) brought deen to us, not religion, the concept of deen is to establish Islam in socio-economic and political system. That is deen.

    Shuja

  13. Surrayya Kapri from Pakistan

    Assalam Alaikum

    Imam Abu Hanifa's name itself is enough to light up the world. My name means Pleides in Arabic, since Nabi Kareem sallalahu alahi wasalm uttered this word I am honored. My own ancestors used to stay up all night in prayers throughout their lives. Those lucky ones who actually do this are the ones who can go beyong Pleides without any help from NASA!

    Nabi Kareem sallalahu alahi wasalam also said this Islam will reach wherever there is a night and a day. This occurs on Mars and planets in other solar systems and other galaxies. so think about it.

  14. Mansha Sheikh from Pakistan

    I Find it dificult to agree to the following:-

    "Imam Sahib often recite entire Qur,an in his nightly rakas"

    This is not possible - ask any HAFIZ-E- QURAN

    or try yourself - even reading 10paras in a night rakas is difficult. Moreover, it is againt teachings of the Holy Profit who in reply to a

    question said to complete reading of entire Qur,an atleast in three nights.

    SECONDLY, "Iman Sahib performed the fajir prayer with ablution made for Isha prayer for forty years."

    Again this is not understandable. He is said to be a business man as well as IMAM - if he remained busy praying the whole night (means he did not sleep) when and how he would perform his duties with regard to business / interpreting islam. Did not he fell ill during all this period. Again it is against teaching of holy propht who used to sleep, pray and also meet with his wives during night.

    WOULD REQUEST TO PLEASE ENLIGHTEN ME ON THE ABOSE SUBMISSION SO THAT I MAY CORRECT MYSELF.

    Best regards

    Mansha Sheikh

  15. Ali Rahawi from US

    Thank you for this heart-warming article.

    As far as the other poster's inquiry is concerned regarding not praying all night being against Sharia (a laughable assertion), I would respectfully ask him to answer what then do Muslims all over the world do during the last 10 days of Ramadan esp. on Lailatul Qadr? If worshipping Allah all night would be anti-Shariah (and frankly I'd side with Imam Abu Hanifa over an imbecile like you anyday) then why would all scholars and believers practice it in Ramadan? It defies logic.

    But thanks again to IC for this exceptional biography of my shuyook and the leader of my madhab.

  16. Nazim from NJ from USA

    Naoozibillah.

    I apologize to the entire Muslim community for the oft-ignorant state of some our fellow "praying all night is extreme" Muslim like Shuja nowadays.

    Shuja,

    If you are unable to spend the night worshipping your Lord like the virtuous Imam Abu Haneefa, at least don't denigrate the Imam and try 'n stop other Muslims from doing so aswell as being anti-Shariah.

    Your emblematic of the weak state of the Ummah (making excuses for doing everything haram, but criticizing mutaqeens for praying for extended period of time) and the Muslim community need not tolerate such disrespect and shallow display of your intellect.

    W'salaam.

  17. Shuja from Canada

    He performed the Fajr prayer with the ablution made for the Isha prayers for forty years, (due to him praying the whole night through).

    The above statement is based upon false information and it is a lie. The act is unislamic and has no place in Shariah. We need to be very careful what we utter. Imam has a flourishing business until his death. He was put into jail by Mansur due to his political views. He was an Islamic activist. Praying whole night for 40 years is not only unislamic and has no place in Islam and Shariah. I also subscribe to Hanafai school of thought, but false is a false.

    Shuja

  18. Uncle Logic from UK

    Imam Abu Hanifah was a great man, the problem is that he, like most of the great men Islami city writes about is from a very long time ago, however they now have one about Malcolm X up.

    When I said in the comments section at least Malcolm X is from the twentieth century Raihan had to go get himself bloody confused and make out that I meant being from the twentieth century was the only good thing about him. What I meant was that Malcolm X was not from long ago like most of the really renown Muslim thionkers were. Yes I do think this rticle was perfectly good, but the reason I don't usually write positive responses is because everyone else has usually alredy done that so there is not much need.

  19. UmerSultan from Pakistan

    Imam Abu Hanifa was remarkably a well learned Scholar and full with wisdom. His standing is one of the most Moderate among all the school of thoughts. Its flexible and tolerant.