My Islam: Freedom and Responsibility
Muslims in America today seem to have lost the right to be individuals. We are treated as a collectivity - responsible as a group for any crime committed by another Muslim or done in the name of Islam.
Shortly after 9/11, I wrote an article stating that Muslims have the greatest obligation to reject terrorism and political violence committed in the name of Islam. I still believe this is the case. Islam does not have a centralized authority; there is no universally recognized council of scholars or clerics who speak on behalf of all Muslims.
With freedom from clerical authority, however, comes the responsibility to engage in the debate over the true meaning of Islam. Islamic law states that silence is an indication of consent. If Muslims do not reject the perverted interpretations of the Qur'an proffered by terrorists, they will have shirked their responsibility to define the real meaning of Islam.
At the same time, clarifying our own position does not mean that we have to "speak out" against each and every statement issued by terrorists or every criminal action taken by groups claiming to represent Muslim interests. Once we have defined what we stand for, and what we stand against, then any particular action that violates those guidelines are clearly rejected by us. American Muslim organizations have made extraordinary efforts to publicize their rejection of terrorism and extremism in the name of Islam: we have organized petitions, written fatwas and position papers, distributed brochures, held conferences, organized press briefings, published op-eds, spoken on the radio and television.
Still, we are asked, "Why have moderate Muslims not spoken out against the extremists?" We have spoken, but we have not been heard-primarily because good news does not get much coverage.
Even worse, we have spoken, but we have not been listened to. There are many people who are ideologically opposed to Islam-to the most benign interpretation of Islam-because of their own extremist religious or political ideologies. No matter what conscientious Muslims do to live as peaceful citizens who contribute to the welfare of society, these groups will attack us and our religion.
Most objectionable is what I call the, "non-Muslim Islamic fundamentalist." What I mean by this is a non-Muslim who applies a literalistic, decontextualized hermeneutic to the Qur'an and Islamic tradition. This is not how I read my scripture (maybe it is how they read theirs), so who are they to tell me that this is what Islam "really" says?
Being judged as a group, rather than as individuals, also means that the negative experience of one Muslim is considered to be representative of all Muslims and all of Islam. I do not deny the right of any individual to tell his or her own story. We all have that right, and I must learn from the pain, hurt and anger of women and men who were mistreated in the name of Islam.
But these negative experiences are not shared by all Muslims - indeed, not by most Muslims. This is why such authors have little or no constituencies within the Muslim community - because large numbers of Muslims do not feel they represent their interests or perspectives.
The burden of collective guilt, the oppressive weight of stereotyping, and the violence of hateful anti-Muslim discourse is difficult to bear. It is even more difficult to see how this affects our youth.
But there is hope. Hope lies in the goodness of ordinary Americans who try to overcome their prejudices and reach out to their Muslim neighbors. Hope lies in the solidarity shown by other groups - like Japanese Americans - who have faced similar situations. Hope lies in the extraordinary moral leadership shown by many American religious leaders to guide their congregations to the path of understanding and compassion.
More than anything, I see these challenges as opportunities to examine myself and my community, to see if we are responding with enough courage and moral leadership when we witness discrimination against others. Are we able to avoid burdening other groups with collective guilt? The Qur'anic revelation, "no soul bears the sins of another" is directed first at our community. We are all human, and all of us have to struggle with our own selfishness, prejudice and will to power.
As a Muslim, my struggle for my community's rights should be only the starting point of a wider struggle - a struggle for the dignity of all people. Being a Muslim in America today means having the opportunity to work towards this goal in solidarity with compassionate individuals of all faiths and good will.
Dr. Ingrid Mattson is an "On Faith" panelist and professor of Islamic Studies and Christian-Muslim Relations at Hartford Seminary. She is the first woman to be president of the Islamic Society of North America.
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thank you for this great article.... i've been reading articles from Islamic City regularly that gets posted to me now and then....and I feel that it is more important to bring in these awareness and clarity in beleif among the youth, who are, I should admit, being carried away by the anti-Islamic media coverages and campaigns. therefore I would suggest that we should all take the intiative to sent such articles, or any good ones at all, to the heads of schools in the Muslim countries, who can circulate them to the students.
May Allah bless all of u...
as of now we are not ready tolearn basic teachings of islam.
I agree with you, we Muslims need to think in the broader sense, and not overlook the humanity on the whole. Unless we don't show compassion for our fellow beings (regardless of their ethnicity, beliefs and race) we cannot hope to spread the message or understanding of Islam (peace)
Just to place it on record, I agree with Dr. Ingrid Matson as a whole but with not unconditionally or without any reservations as I had mentioned in my earlier post.
Anyway I have a high respect for her credentials and achievements and I wish her every best and pray that the Muslim Organisation that she is leading will strive and continously achieve success for the sake and betterment of the ummah in America. ( including Canada too )
But then again, let us examine ourselves, reflect upon certain issues that matters, on where we stand on many areas. While we condemn terrorism outright, but Muslims should be careful to draw the definition on what acts constitute terrorism in nature, and what do not. For instance in the previous era of Irish struggle, not all Irish agree with the tactics of the IRA but the majority of them wanted to rid of the British, it's that simple.
Of course, such a comparison is not applicable in the today's context of Islamic struggle. Our Muslim struggle is for religion and GOD, and it doesn't shorn of the need to free Muslims regions that are occuppied by foreign powers, whoever and which ever they might be. But I emphasise here that for there to be any form of struggle for Islam, it must not bereft itself of dignity and humanity, as displayed by those in the era of Prophet Muhammad ( pbuh ) and the companions. Thus, any violence against civilians nowadays and at the present day must be outrightly condemn. ( see the sermons and reminders of Umar ( r.a. ) on the ethics of Muslims in entering into a foreign country )
And or but having said that, let us not forget that it is the policy of the U.S government abroad that encourages aggresive response. The whole world is not just about America, and the American people, it's also about justice, equality and equity aamong nations and people. Is the U.S government really the advocate and proponent of freedom and democracy ? I don't think so, Pal.
While I may have a bit of reservations on Hamas, but their victory in the Palestinian's election was not respected at all by the U.S government.
She has glossed over the severity and viciousness of innumerable anti-Islam and anti-Muslim attacks since 9/11.They must never be pushed under the carpet-- out of sight, out of mind--as the non-Muslim world seems to be aiming for. Why? Because it has destroyed far too many innocent human lives, and because anti-Islam and anti-Muslim propaganda has a centuries-old history in the Christian Church-- from the 8th century down to the present. Pope Benedict XVI was only continuing the tradition of the Christian Church when he attacked Prophet Mohammed and Islam.
Sister,I totally agree with you...especially we muslims should see these challenges as oppurtunities and represent Islam with the highest tolerance, dignity , will power and working towards their goal in solidarity with compassion with all faits and goodwill, in the most appropriate way, which is a duty of every Muslim according to what Prophet Mohammed(pbuh) has taught us...
We do need to reject all terrorists - all of them, including governments and militaries who are doing the bulk of the terrorizing.