The teachings of the Qur'an and the Tradition of the Prophet led Muslims, regardless of their education or social status, to be kind to animals.
It is true that Prophet Muhammad's main concern was the welfare of his people. He indeed labored very hard to give them security and sustenance, and before his death, Muslims were secured and well fed wherever they were. However, this concern extended to animals and the environment too. Whenever he saw a weak, bruised, working or riding animal, he found its owner and preached him to take good care of his animal. One day, the Prophet entered a grove which belonged to one of the Ansars, and there he saw a camel. When the camel saw the Prophet , he moved toward him. Tears were flowing out of his eyes. The Prophet approached him, rubbed his head, and the camel calmed down. The Prophet asked: 'who is the owner of this camel?' A young man from the Ansar said: 'He belongs to me, O messenger of Allah!' The Prophet said: 'Don't you fear Allah, Who handed you the ownership of this beast? He complained to me that you do not feed him and you over work him' (reported by Abu Dawud). Then the Prophet asked the camel's owner 'What are you going to do with your camel?' The man answered: 'we want to slaughter him while he has some flesh'. The prophet said: 'Don't do that! Sell him to me.' The man answered: 'He is yours O Messenger of Allah'. The Prophet sent him to graze with the Sadaqah camels until he died naturally... (See Ibn Kathir - Shama'il ar-Rasul)
Ahmad Ibn Hanbal reported that once, Umar ibn al-Khattab, expressed his desire for a meal of fresh fish. His aid, Yarfa', without telling him, jumped on the back of one of Umar's camel and traveled for two nights going and two nights returning to buy a basket of fresh fish to Umar. When he arrived home, he washed the camel. But when Umar learned of what his aid did, he said to him: 'let me look at the camel first.' He went to the camel and inspected it very closely, suddenly he turned to his aid saying: 'you forgot to wash the sweat and its ears. You tortured an animal for Umar's desires! By Allah, 'Umar will never taste the fish, take your basket away from me.'
Based on the enormous wealth of Islamic teachings regarding the respect and protection of animals and the environment, the renown Muslim jurist Izz ad-din abd as-Saalam, formulated the following legal opinion on the right of livestock and animals from human beings:
A person who owns livestock, must spend on them the provision that their kinds require, even if they have aged or sickened such that no benefit comes from them; he should not burden them beyond what they can bear; he should not put them together with anything by which they would be injured, whether of their own kind or other species, whether by breaking their bones or butting or wounding; he should slaughter them gently and with kindness; when he slaughters them, he must neither flay their skins nor break their bones until their bodies have become cold and their lives have passed away; he should not slaughter young within their sight but he should separate them; he should make comfortable their resting places and watering places; he should put their males and females together during their mating seasons; he should not discard those which he takes as game; and neither shoot them with anything that breaks their bone nor bring about their destruction by any means that renders their meat unlawful to eat.
Adapted from Animal Rights and Ecology in Islam
Islamic Educational Foundation
1995 CE/ 1415H
im no scholor
But the only problem i'm having with your site is i don't know how to register for your newsletter.All past efforts have proved abortive due to my inability to subscribe because i live in Nigeria and it is not easy to do so from here.
Please, can know the main reason why dogs are prohibited in islam and under what sura in Qurn,because i do not know,thanks.
As concerns the issue of dogs I believe the intention of keeping the dog matters much. With my "limited knowledge of Islam", I understant a dog is not hallal(lawful) to be kept as a pet but it is Hallal for other purposes like guarding property or hunting or for other trained purposes.You can send a trained dog for hunting and the prey will be Hallal(lawful) to eat as long as you had that intention and sending the dog with bismillahi arrahmanir rahim( in the name of Allah, most merciful, most compassionate)
My thoughts regarding the matter of dogs are:
1) Are arch-angels assigned to record my good deeds and errors or to assist me personally?
2) Ought I to think that I could possibly avoid a record of my mis-deeds by keeping a dog in my house?
3) Would Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) not be a sufficient witness in any case?
4) I love my dog.
5) I am not a prophet - nor do I live in the household of a prophet.
6) I am not expecting a visit from any arch-angel - insha'Allah.
(I ask forgiveness for arrogance.)
If someone has any proofs to offer, I hope that they do so. Insha'Allah.
Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu.
This article touched my heart as I love animals very much. It is nice to be constately remined of the Prophets ( saw) kindness to all beings. Wasalaam
Thank you for this assuring article. Many Muslims I meet seem unclear about animal rights. Please clarify the information about dogs. I understood that the misunderstandings about dogs stems from a rabies epidemic during the time of the prophet. I have two clean, shorthaired Basenji, which have no odor, but some of my fellow Muslims, will not visit me because of this). If the dogs have a use they are not Haram? Please let me know the true facts, this horror over dogs is almost an obsession with some Muslims. Am I sinning because I have dogs? I live alone and they watch the house, and alert me to intruders. They are also good, intelligent and loving companions. believe Allah gave us such a wonderful gift in his creatures. Salaam
I hope this is helpful. Insha'Allah some kindly scholar will respond to your request for help.
Wassalam (wa barakatuhu - wa rahmatullahi).
NO BEAST ON EARTH NO BIRDS WHI LIETH WIT ITS WINGS BUT THE SAME IS A PEOPLE LIKE UNTO U (MAKIND) AND TO THERE LORD THEY SHALL RETURN
the world ecology.
Shukran, wa jazak Allah khair! It's a truly good thing that
this article be put forth. In far too many ways, Muslims are
indifferent towards creatures, much of this stemming from
hadith about not keeping animals, not having them
indoors, etc. In Al Qur'an, we find that ALL creatures shall
return to Allah for judgement. While we haven't any
knowledge of how our Rabbe will do this, we can know that
animals are, then our fellow creatures, and in that sense,
that they are our brothers & sisters as well. From the
Qur'an, It becomes clear that we are not to cause ANY
creature unnecessary or inappropriate suffering, whether it
be a human or some other animal. We also find hadiths to
support the idea that showing kindness to a dog can be the
difference between Jennah and the fires for us. It only
stands to reason, then, that being unkind or cruel to an
animal counts against us, while being good or benevolent
towards them is written in our book of good deeds. Since
all other creatures are out fellows, we are obligated to them
as we are to each other.
It's important to note that, like us, Allah is the animals' true
provider, not us. So, when we help them, we are giving a
good loan to Allah. Surely He did not make all these
animals, many of which will never even run into a human
being, for our benefit. These are His creatures, and we may
harm them only by His leave (i.e. to eat lawfully,) and use
them only in just and kind ways.
Insha'Allah, may we always be mindful of the fact that Allah
has set us here as STEWARDS/VICE-REGENTS for Him, that
we are to tend to this, His creation, rather than dominating
and torturing the fellows in our care.
Thanks again for putting this article out. May Allah reward
you richly for doing so.
My question is how could fish remian fresh after two nights journey in the heat of desert?
Please refrain from using such unauthentic stories.
But there are also ahadith that we can find which encourages animal cruelty: Muslim, Book 010, Number 3813; Sunan of Abu Dawud Book 41, Number 5229; Muslim Book 026, Number 5564; Muslim, Book 026, Number 5562.
The point I am going to make here is that when we refer to the "Traditions of the Prophet" we must be careful in choosing the ahadith as many of them are fabrications and it is something that I want the reader to be aware of. This writer should have, I think, referred to verses in the Qur'an interpreted in such a way that allows us to see that animal cruelty is not allowed. A site to read is:
I bring up this subject because I know there are some critics out there who try to use "authentic" ahadith from Bukhari and Muslims to try and prove that Islam is bad and wicked when many of these ahadith are fabricated. As for the ahadith, if you are curious you can find out more about the history here:
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