Narrated Abu Said
A group of the companions of Allah's Apostle proceeded on a journey till they dismounted near one of the Arab tribes and requested them toentertain them as their guests, but they (the tribe people) refused toentertain them. Then the chief of that tribe was bitten by a snake (orstung by a scorpion) and he was given all sorts of treatment, but all in vain. Some of them said, "Will you go to the group (those travelers) who have dismounted near you and see if one of them has something useful?" They came to them and said, "O the group! Our leader has been bitten by a snake (or stung by a scorpion) and we havetreated him with everything but nothing benefited him Has anyone of you anything useful?" One of them replied, "Yes, by Allah, I know how to treat with a Ruqya. But. by Allah, we wanted you to receive us as your guests but you refused. I will not treat your patient with a Ruqya till you fix for us something as wages." Consequently they agreed to give those travellers a flock of sheep. The man went with them (the people of the tribe) and started spitting (on the bite) and reciting Surat-al-FATIHA till the patient was healed and started walking as if he had not been sick. When the tribe people paid them their wages they had agreed upon, some of them (the Prophet's companions) said, "Distribute (the sheep)." But the one who treated with the Ruqya said, "Do not do that till we go to Allah's Apostle andmention to him what has happened, and see what he will order us." So they came to Allah's Apostle and mentioned the story to him and he said, "How do you know that Surat-al-FATIHA is a Ruqya? You have done the right thing. Divide (what you have got) and assign for me a share with you."
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas
Some of the companions of the Prophet passed by some people staying ata place where there was water, and one of those people had been stung by a scorpion. A man from those staying near the water, came and said to the companions of the Prophet, "Is there anyone among you who can do Ruqya as near the water there is a person who has been stung by a scorpion." So one of the Prophet's companions went to him and recited Surat-al-FATIHA for a sheep as his fees. The patient got cured and theman brought the sheep to his companions who disliked that and said, "You have taken wages for reciting Allah's Book." When they arrived atMedina, they said, ' O Allah's Apostle! (This person) has taken wages for reciting Allah's Book" On that Allah's Apostle said, "You are mostentitled to take wages for doing a Ruqya with Allah's Book."
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri
Some of the companions of the Prophet came across a tribe amongst the tribes of the Arabs, and that tribe did not entertain them. While theywere in that state, the chief of that tribe was bitten by a snake (or stung by a scorpion). They said, (to the companions of the Prophet ), "Have you got any medicine with you or anybody who can treat with Ruqya?" The Prophet's companions said, "You refuse to entertain us, sowe will not treat (your chief) unless you pay us for it." So they agreed to pay them a flock of sheep. One of them (the Prophet's companions) started reciting Surat-al-FATIHA and gathering his saliva and spitting it (at the snake-bite). The patient got cured and his people presented the sheep to them, but they said, "We will not take it unless we ask the Prophet (whether it is lawful)." When they asked him, he smiled and said, "How do you know that Surat-al-FATIHA is a Ruqya? Take it (flock of sheep) and assign a share for me."
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri
While we were on one of our journeys, we dismounted at a place where aslave girl came and said, "The chief of this tribe has been stung by ascorpion and our men are not present; is there anybody among you who can treat him (by reciting something)?" Then one of our men went alongwith her though we did not think that he knew any such treatment. But he treated the chief by reciting something, and the sick man recoveredwhereupon he gave him thirty sheep and gave us milk to drink (as a reward). When he returned, we asked our friend, "Did you know how to treat with the recitation of something?" He said, "No, but I treated him only with the recitation of the Mother of the Book (i.e., Al-FATIHA)." We said, "Do not say anything (about it) till we reach or ask the Prophet so when we reached Medina, we mentioned that to theProphet (in order to know whether the sheep which we had taken were lawful to take or not). The Prophet said, "How did he come to know that it (Al-FATIHA) could be used for treatment? Distribute your reward and assign for me one share thereof as well."
Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Mu'alla
While I was praying, the Prophet called me but I did not respond to his call. Later I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I was praying." He said, "Didn't Allah say: 'O you who believe! Give your response to Allah (byobeying Him) and to His Apostle when he calls you'?" (8.24)
He then said, "Shall I not teach you the most superior Surah in the Qur'an?" He said, '(It is),
'Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. ' (i.e., Surat Al-FATIHA)which consists of seven repeatedly recited Verses and the Magnificent Qur'an which was given to me."
Narrated Abu Huraira
Allah's Apostle said, "The Um (substance) of the Quran is the seven oft-repeated verses (Al-Mathaini) and is the Great Quran (i.e. Surat-al-FATIHA)."
Narrated Abu Said Al-Mualla
While I was praying, the Prophet passed by and called me, but I did not go to him till I had finished my prayer. When I went to him, he said, "What prevented you from coming?" I said, "I was praying." He said, "Didn't Allah say" "O you who believes Give your response to Allah (by obeying Him) and to His Apostle." (8.24) Then he added, "Shall I tell you the most superior Sura in the Qur'an before I go outof the mosque?" When the Prophet intended to go out (of the Mosque), Ireminded him and he said, "That is: "Alhamdu-lillahi Rabbil-'Alamin (Surat-al-FATIHA)' which is the seven oft repeated verses (Al-Mathani)and the Grand Quran which has been given to me."
Narrated Abu Said bin Al-Mu'alla
While I was praying, Allah's Apostle passed me and called me, but I did not go to him until I had finished the prayer. Then I went to him,and he said, "What prevented you from coming to me? Didn't Allah say:-- "O you who believe! Answer the call of Allah (by obeying Him) and His Apostle when He calls you?" He then said, "I will inform you of the greatest Sura in the Qur'an before I leave (the mosque)." When Allah's Apostle got ready to leave (the mosque), I reminded him. He said, "It is: 'Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.' (i.e. Surat-al-FATIHA) As-sab'a Al-Mathani (the seven repeatedly recited Verses)."
Narrated Abu Said
Some of the companions of the Prophet went on a journey till they reached some of the 'Arab tribes (at night). They asked the latter to treat them as their guests but they refused. The chief of that tribe was then bitten by a snake (or stung by a scorpion) and they tried their best to cure him but in vain. Some of them said (to the others),"Nothing has benefited him, will you go to the people who resided hereat night, it may be that some of them might possess something (as treatment)," They went to the group of the companions (of the Prophet ) and said, "Our chief has been bitten by a snake (or stung by a scorpion) and we have tried everything but he has not benefitted. Haveyou got anything (useful)?" One of them replied, "Yes, by Allah! I canrecite a Ruqya, but as you have refused to accept us as your guests, Iwill not recite the Ruqya for you unless you fix for us some wages forit." They agrees to pay them a flock of sheep. One of them then went and recited (Suratul-FATIHA): 'All the praises are for the Lord of theWorlds' and puffed over the chief who became all right as if he was released from a chain, and got up and started walking, showing no signs of sickness.
They paid them what they agreed to pay. Some of them (i.e. the companions) then suggested to divide their earnings among themselves,but the one who performed the recitation said, "Do not divide them till we go to the Prophet and narrate the whole story to him, and waitfor his order." So, they went to Allah's Apostle and narrated the story. Allah's Apostle asked, "How did you come to know that Surat-ul-FATIHA was recited as Ruqya?" Then he added, "You have done the right thing. Divide (what you have earned) and assign a share for me as well." The Prophet smiled thereupon.
Narrated Talha bin 'Abdullah bin 'Auf
I offered the funeral prayer behind Ibn Abbas and he recited Al-FATIHAand said, "You should know that it (i.e. recitation of Al-FATIHA) is the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad.
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to make the two Rakat before the Fajr prayer so light that I would wonder whether he recited Al-FATIHA (or not).
My father said, "The Prophet used to recite Al-FATIHA along with another Sura in the first two Rakat of the Zuhr and 'Asr prayers. A verse or so was audible at times and he used to prolong the first Rak'a."
My father said, "The Prophet uses to recite Al-FATIHA followed by another Sura in the first two Rakat of the prayer and used to recite only Al-FATIHA in the last two Rakat of the Zuhr prayer. Sometimes a verse or so was audible and he used to prolong the first Rak'a more than the second and used to do the same in the 'Asr and Fajr prayers."
The Qur'an is recited in every prayer and in those prayers in which Allah's Apostle recited aloud for us, we recite aloud in the same prayers for you; and the prayers in which the Prophet recited quietly, we recite quietly. If you recite "Al-FATIHA" only it is sufficient but if you recite something else in addition, it is better.
My father said, "The Prophet used to recite Al-FATIHA along with another Sura in the first two Rakat of the Zuhr and the 'Asr prayers and at times a t verse or so was audible to us."
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abi Qatada:
My father said, "The Prophet in Zuhr prayers used to recite Al-FATIHA along with two other Suras in the first two Rakat: a long one in the first Rak'a and a shorter (Sura) in the second, and at times the verses were audible. In the 'Asr prayer the Prophet used to recite Al-FATIHA and two more Suras in the first two Rakat and used to prolong the first Rak'a. And he used to prolong the first Rak'a of the Fajr prayer and shorten the second.
Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever does not recite Al-FATIHA in his prayer, his prayer is invalid."