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Hajj on behalf of another

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Pure Musk View Drop Down
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    Posted: 07 February 2018 at 12:13pm
A person who cannot perform Hajj or ‘Umrah as a result of old age, permanent illness, or some weakness in his body due to which he cannot make the journey, should have somebody perform Hajj and ‘Umrah on his behalf, and this is valid for him even if he regains his health after his representative had already entered into the state of Ihram for Hajj or ‘Umrah. On the authority of al-Fadl Ibn ‘Abbas t: A woman from al-Khath’am said, “O Messenger of Allah, the obligation from Allah to perform Hajj came upon my father while he is very old and incapable of riding a camel.” The Prophet ﷺ said: “Perform Hajj on his behalf.” [ Source: At-Tirmidhi.]

There are numerous conditions stipulated for the person performing Hajj on behalf of another:

1- He must have met the aforementioned conditions of Hajj.

2- He must have first performed Hajj for himself. When a person performs Hajj on behalf of another, but has not performed it for himself, such a Hajj on behalf of another person is not valid; thus the Hajj he performed for the other person then becomes for him, and it is considered as a valid Hajj for him in Islam. Evidence for this is what was confirmed on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas t: The Prophet ﷺ heard a man saying; “Labbayka on behalf of Shubruma,” the Prophet ﷺ asked: “Who is Shubruma?” He replied: “A brother or a relative of mine.” The Prophet then asked: “Have you performed Hajj for yourself?” He replied: “No.” So the Prophet ﷺ said: “Perform Hajj for yourself, then perform (Hajj) on behalf of Shubruma.” [ Source: Abu Dawud.]

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aafiak View Drop Down
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote aafiak Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 08 August 2018 at 3:21am
This Hajj is usually known by the name of Hajj Badal?
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote asep garut Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 09 August 2018 at 6:17pm
Yes, that is Hajj Badal, and if we see its hadith that the person who is replaced his/her Hajj is still alive, not the one who has passed away.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote aafiak Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13 August 2018 at 6:12am
Can you please quote that Hadith or its reference here?
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote asep garut Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 30 August 2018 at 8:03am
Originally posted by aafiak aafiak wrote:

Can you please quote that Hadith or its reference here?

Many scholars have different opinions about the hajj badal especially for people who have passed away. As we know that the source of Islamic law is Al Quran and Hadith. And almost all Muslim scholars agree that the person in the hajj badal is still alive. But some of them differed when the person in the hajj badal had died. The following are the Hadith that allow Hajj Badal for people who have passed away:

 ุนูŽู†ู’ ุจูุฑูŽูŠู’ุฏูŽุฉูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฌูŽุงุกูŽุชู’ ุงู…ู’ุฑูŽุ£ูŽุฉูŒ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุชู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุ£ูู…ู‘ููŠ ู…ูŽุงุชูŽุชู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ุชูŽุญูุฌู‘ูŽ ุ£ูŽููŽุ£ูŽุญูุฌู‘ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู†ูŽุนูŽู…ู’ ุญูุฌู‘ููŠ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูˆูŽู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุญูŽุฏููŠุซูŒ ุตูŽุญููŠุญูŒ

(Historical Hadith of book al-Tirmizi juz 2, p. 205; al-Nasa'i. juz 5, p. 116; al-Darimi, juz 2, p. 41; Ibn Majah juz 2, p. 969 compare with the Muslim book Shiyam no. 1939)

โ€œBuraidah stated that a woman came to the Apostle and then asked: my mother had died and she had not hajj, should I do it? The Apostle replied: Yes, serve your mother !โ€

Refer to the Hadith above, some Muslim scholars have different opinions on the grounds that there's verse in the Qur'an and Hadith which are references that the person who had died will get nothing except the results of his own efforts.

 ูˆูŽุ£ูŽู† ู„ู‘ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู„ูู„ู’ุฅูู†ุณูŽุงู†ู ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ู…ูŽุง ุณูŽุนูŽู‰

โ€œAnd that man can have nothing but what he does.โ€ (An Najm 53:39)

Hadith:

ุนูŽู†ู’ ุ£ูŽุจููŠ ู‡ูุฑูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽุฉูŽ ุฑูŽุถููŠูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ุ£ูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ู…ูŽุงุชูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฅูู†ู’ุณูŽุงู†ู ุงู†ู’ู‚ูŽุทูŽุนูŽ ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ูู‡ู ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุซูŽู„ูŽุงุซู ุตูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽุฉูŒ ุฌูŽุงุฑููŠูŽุฉูŒ ูˆูŽุนูู„ู’ู…ูŒ ูŠูู†ู’ุชูŽููŽุนู ุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽูˆูŽู„ูŽุฏูŒ ุตูŽุงู„ูุญูŒ ูŠูŽุฏู’ุนููˆ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุ£ูŽุจููˆ ุนููŠุณูŽู‰ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุญูŽุฏููŠุซูŒ ุญูŽุณูŽู†ูŒ ุตูŽุญููŠุญูŒ

Al-Tirmizi, Muslim washiyyat, al-Nasai, Abu Daud Ibn Majah, Al-Darimi, book Muqaddimah

โ€œAbu Hurairah stated that Rasulullah Shallallahu 'Alaihi Wasallam said: if humans die, then their practice is cut off except for 3 (three) things, namely: Shadaqah Jariyah, useful knowledge, and prayers of pious children.โ€


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