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The Treaties of the prophet Muhammad (PDF)

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rami99 View Drop Down

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    Posted: 27 May 2013 at 5:07am
Bi ismillahi rahmani rahim

The Treaties of the prophet Muhammad (PDF) outline in detail the various treaties our prophet (pbuh) made in his life, it is 58 pages in length.



As in the present day, Taif was the summer resort of the wealthy Quraish. Being five thousand feet above sea level, its climate is cool and pleasant. In the past it was full of gardens and produced fruits and vegetables. The City of Taif, is now a big centre of trade and is a highly developed and modernised city. Despite the fact that the Quraish knew that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) was extremely noble, truthful, honest, charitable and truth-worthy person, they treated him with contempt, malice and animosity, when he declared that he was Prophet of Allah. Day by day their attitude grew more and more hostile and bitter. When there was little hope of their listening to the voice of reason, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) went to Taif to preach Islam there. But unfortunately the people of Taif proved to be more callous, unreasonable and tyrannical.

In the city there lived wealthy and highly influential people. The Holy Prophet went to the three brothers named Abd yalail, Mas'ood, and Habeeb, who belonged to the Omair tribe, which was the chief of all other tribes and invited them to accept Islam. What the three said was derogatory and humiliating to the extreme. One of them said, "If Allah has sent you as a Prophet, you are tearing the cover of Ka'ba". The second said, "Did not Allah get somebody else for prophethood except you?" The third said. "I cannot Talk to you. If you are true, it would be discourteous to talk to you. If you are a liar, you do not deserve to be talked to."'

Not content with this insulting behaviour, they roused the street urchins and rogues of Taif, to jeer and make fun of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.). The result was that the rascals stood in line on both sides of the way. When the Holy prophet (S.A.W.) went that way, they pelted stones and rocks on him, till his shoes were smeared with blood. When due to blows and wounds, his strength gave way, he sat down; but the callous miscreants held him by the arms and made him stand up.

When he would begin walking again they abuse him and clapped their hands. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) at last took refuge in a vineyard. The Prophets (A.S.) were generally subjected to such injuries and insults. Some of them prayed for Allah's curse. Prophet Nooh's (A.S.) curse resulted in the destruction of a big part of earth, by the Deluge. But the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) was sent for the good and benefit of the world, he could not even think of such a curse. His companion on the jourey, Zaid (R.A.A.) requested him to invoke the curse of Allah on such a bad lot of people, but the Holy Prophet got piqued and said, "Never! I have been sent as a blessing for the world". Thereafter he prayed, "oh Allah! Give guidance to my people and give them a sense to differentiate between good and bad." But the moral and physical pain which he under-went can be easily gauged by the answer of the Holy Prophet to the query of Aisha (R.A.) as to which was the hardest day of his life.

He (S.A.W.) referred to that day in Taif.


1. This writing of Muhammad (S.A.W.) the Prophet of Allah is for Saqeef.

2. Whatever has been written in this deed, its responsibility is that of Allah Who is One and does not share His Powers with anybody, and of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) son of Abdullah.

3. The valley of Saqeef has been declared as Haram. The cutting of the wild thorny trees thereof, hunting therein, oppression, theft and evil actions in it are all Haram (strictly prohibited).

4. Saqeef has the greatest right to Wuj. Neither army shall pass through the land of Taif, nor shall a Muslim go there and eject these People from there. These people may do whatever they like in Taif and its valley and construct whatever building they like.

5. The people of Taif shall be exempt from Ushr, Zakat and Military aid. There shall be no coercion, in so far as their life and property is concerned.

6. These people shall be regarded as a group of the Muslims. They can, therefore move amongst the Muslims without any Restriction.

7. If someone is taken prisoner from amongst the people of Taif, they shall have the right to settle the case.

8. Whatever debt of the people of Taif may be due for payment on a pawned article and whatever debt on a pawned article may be payable till after the Ukaz season, should be paid by Ukaz. Allah has no responsibility regarding interest.

9. In the books of the people of Taif whatever debts are due for receipt till the time of their acceptance of Islam, they shall be in their right to receive them.

10. If an article belonging to the people of Taif, held in trust, is destroyed by the trustee, it shall be caused to be returned to the owner.

11. The people of Saqeef, who are not present here shall have the same safeguards and rights as are admissible to those present here. Whatever property they have in Layya, shall be secure like wuj.

12. Similarly whoever is their partner in trade or their helper, shall have the same rights.

13. If someone commits a financial or physical excess or outrage on the people of Saqeef, all the Muslims shall help Saqeef against the offender.

14. Anybody whose entry into the area is not desired, shall not enter it.

15. These people can construct places for buying and selling in front of their houses.

16. A ruler for Saqeef shall be appointed from amongst them. Accordingly, Bani Malik and Bani Akhlaf shall have their own Amirs.

17. The people of Saqeef who will irrigate the gardens of Quraish, shall have right to half of the produce.

18. No interest shall be charged on the pawned articles. If they are in a position to pay the amount of pawn, they should pay it. If they are not able to pay immediately, they should pay up to the Jamadi-ul-Oola of the next year. And one whose time is up and does not pay, he has no doubt turned it into an interest transaction.

19. If the people of Saqeef are in debt, the amount of principal only shall be paid to the creditor.

20. If they have amongst them a prisoner, whom his master sold away, the transaction shall be regular. If he was not sold, his ransom shall be 6 she-camels, which can be given in two instalments.

21. Only a person purchasing an article, shall have the right of its sale
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