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Muslim Scientists and Thinkers

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    Posted: 06 September 2011 at 4:13am
 
Muslim Scientists and Thinkers
(700 - 1400 C.E.)
Name Years (C.E.) Description
Jabir Ibn Haiyan (Geber) Died 803 Chemistry (Father of Chemistry)
Musa al-Khawarizmi (Algorizm) 770 - 840 Mathematics, Astronomy, Geography (Algorithm, Algebra, Calculus)
Yaqub Ibn Ishaq al-Kindi (Alkindus) 800 - 873 Philosophy, Physics, Optics, Medicine, Mathematics, Metallurgy
Thabit Ibn Qurra (Thebit) 836 -901 Astronomy, Mechanics, Geometry, Anatomy
Ali Ibn Rabban al-Tabari 838 - 870 Medicine, Mathematics, Calligraphy, Literature
Al-Farghani (Al-Fraganus) 860 Astronomy, Civil Engineering
Zakariya al-Razi (Rhazes) 864 - 930 Medicine, Ophthalmology, Smallpox, Chemistry, Astronomy
Abu Abdullah al-Battani (Albategnius) 868 - 929 Astronomy, Mathematics, Trigonometry
Abu al-Nasr al-Farabi (Al-Pharabius) 870 - 950 Sociology, Logic, Philosophy, Political Science, Music
     
Abul Hasan Ali al-Masu'di Died 957 Geography, History
Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Albucasis) 936 - 1013 Surgery, Medicine (Father of Modern Surgery)
Muhammad al-Buzjani 940 - 997 Mathematics, Astronomy, Geometry, Trigonometry
Hasan Ibn al-Haitham (Alhazen) 965 - 1040 Physics, Optics, Mathematics
Abu al-Hasan al-Mawardi (Alboacen) 972 - 1058 Political Science, Sociology, Jurisprudence, Ethics
Abu Raihan al-Biruni 973 - 1048 Astronomy, Mathematics (Determined Earth's Circumference)
Ibn Sina (Avicenna) 980 - 1037 Medicine, Philosophy, Mathematics, Astronomy
     
Omar al-Khayyam 1044 - 1123 Mathematics, Poetry
Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (Algazel) 1058 - 1128 Sociology, Theology, Philosophy
Al-Idrisi (Dreses) 1099 - 1166 Geography (World Map, First Globe)
     
Ibn Rushd (Averroes) 1128 - 1198 Philosophy, Law, Medicine, Astronomy, Theology
     
Ibn al-Baitar Died 1248 Pharmacy, Botany
Jalal al-Din Rumi 1207 - 1273 Sociology
Ibn al-Nafis 1213 - 1288 Anatomy
     
Ibn Khaldun 1332 - 1395 Sociology, Philosophy of History, Political Science

Acknowledgements: Information in the Description column taken from Dr. A. Zahoor

Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?
Qur'an 55:13
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