IslamiCity - The Global Muslim eCommunity

Search Islamic Glossary

Search Glossary for Terms Starting With: I
A · B · C · D · E · F · G · H · I · J · K · L · M · N · O · P · Q · R · S · T · U · V · W · X · Y · Z · AUDIO
Displaying 31 through 60 of 283 terms found. (30 terms displayed).
I
|
Ibn abi zayd al-qayrawani ()
Abu Muhammad `abdullah, maliki faqih, 310/922 - 386/996. he was known as "shaykh al-faqih" and "little malik" and was the head of the maliki school in qayrawan. he wrote several books, including his risala, mukhtasar al-mudawwana, an abridgement of the mudawwana, and an-nawadir. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-`arabi ()
Qadi abu bakr Muhammad ibn `abdullah al-ishbili al-ma`afiri (d. 543/1148), author of ahkam al-qur'an. he was born in seville and went to north africa after the fall of the 'abbadid dynasty and travelled to the east. he then returned to seville which was under the murabitun and became qadi and taught fiqh. he also witnessed the fall of the murabitun and rise of the muwahhidun. he died near fes while returning from marrakesh after a visit to the muwahhid ruler. he wrote over thirty books, including awasim min al-qawasim about the first civil war between muslims. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-`arabi ()
Muhammad ibn 'ali, abu bakr al-hatimi at-td'i, born in murcia in 560/1165, a mujtahid, scholar and sufi. he is known as muhyiddin (the reviver of the din) and the shaykh al-akbar (the greatest master). he died in damascus in 638/1240 with a copy of ihya' `ulum ad-din on his lap. he wrote over 350 works including the futuhat al-makkiyya and the fusus al-hikam. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-`arabi states ()
"It is what the heart unexpectedly encounters of its unseen states with drawn from witnessing. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-`arif ()
The author of mahasin al-majalis ("the attractions of mystical sessions"), his full name was abu'l-`abbas ahmad ibn Muhammad. he lived in almeria, spain. in this period, under the murabitun, almeria was the centre of sufism for the spanish sufis. he founded a tariqa and 130 towns recognised him as imam. he was arrested by the jealous qadi of the city and sent in chains to the amir in marrakesh who promptly set him free. he died a few days later, in 536/1141. he was the first to interpret the ihya' `ulum ad-din of al-ghazali in the west. ibn 'ata': abu'l-`abbas ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn sahl ibn 'ata' al-adami, a sufi and companion of junayd, author of poetry. he was put to death in 309/922. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-arid ()
'Umar ibn `ali, the sufi poet, born in cairo in 577/1182 and lived in the muqattam in cairo. he died in 632/1235. he is known as the "sultan of the lovers" and his collection of poems is very famous because of the high quality of the poetry. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-jawzi ()
Abu'l faraj `abdu'r-rahman ibn jawzi, born in baghdad in 508/1114, a great hanbali scholar of his time in history and hadith, famous for his many chronicles of the scholars and saints of the times preceding him. ibn al-jawzi's work talbis iblis is one of his best known works. ibn al-jawzi opposed all doctrines and practices, regardless of their sources, which were innovations in the rule of shari'a - i.e. not found in the qur'an and sunna, wherever found in the islamic community, especially in ibn al-jawzi's time. he wrote condemning specific innovated practices of many groups, including: philosophers (mutakallimun), theologians, traditionalists (`ulama' al-hadith), jurists (fuqaha'), preachers, philologists, poets and false sufis. he wrote nearly three hundred books on tasawwuf, fiqh, `ilm al-qur'an, hadith, tafsir and biographies of many of the great men of tasawwuf. two of his works considered as pillars in the field of tasawwuf are safwat as-safa and minhaj al-qasidin wa mufid as-sadiqin. in addition, full length biographies in praise of the early sufis were penned by ibn al-jawzi. he is sometimes confused with ibn al-qayyim al-jawziyya. he died in damascus in 597/1201. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-mawwaz ()
Abu `abdullah Muhammad ibn ibrahim al-iskandari, pupil of ibn al-majishun and ibn 'abdu'l-hakam and early systematiser of maliki fiqh. he also studied under asbagh and ashhab. he died in syria as a refugee in 281/894 where he had fled from the inquisition about the createdness of the qur'an (see mihna). he wrote a famous book known as al-mawwaziya. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-mubarak ()
See 'abdullah ibn al-mubarak. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-qasim ()
Abu `abdullah `abdu'r-rahman ibn al-qasim al-`ataki (or al-`utaqi) who had both knowledge and asceticism. he was one of the companions of malik who had tremendous influence in recording his school, since he was the source for sahnun for the problems of malik. in the maliki school, he has the same position as Muhammad ibn al-hasan ash-shaybani in the school of abu hanifa. both of them transmitted the school and made free use of ijtihad. ibn al-qasim had opinions which differed from those of his shaykh,malik, so that some said that he was dominated by opinion. ibn 'abdu'l-barr said of him, "he was a faqih dominated by opinion. he was a righteous and steadfast man." he met malik after ibn wahb and kept his company for a long time - about twenty years. he can be considered as the main transmitter of maliki fiqh as the mudawwana, of which he is the source, is the largest compendium of maliki fiqh. he would not accept stipends from the ruler and said, "there is no good in proximity to rulers." he had sat with them at first, but then he abandoned them. he used to consider having a large number of close companions to be a form of slavery since that puts a qadi in danger of committing injustice and the scholar of wasting his time. he died in 191/806 at the age of 63. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-qasiy ()
Abu'l-qasim, disciple of ibn al-'arif, a sufi who organised a religious militia in the algarve (southern portugal) based in silves and led an uprising against the ruling class and fuqaha' in the algarve in 536/1141. he had military successes against both the murabitun and the muwahhidun and ruled the region for ten years. he wrote khal` an-na`layn. he was killed in 546/1151. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-qayyim ()
Muhammad ibn abi bakr, abu `abdullah al-jawziyya, born in damascus in 691/1292, a hanbali hadith scholar who wrote zad al-ma`ad. he also wrote i`lam al-muwaqqi`in on usul al-fiqh. he edited the works of his shaykh, ibn taymiyya. he went to prison with him in damascus and remained with him until ibn taymiyya's death in 728/1328. he died in damascus in 751/1350. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn al-waqt ()
"Child of the moment," see waqt. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn as-sabil ()
Traveller, wayfarer. it literally means "son of the road". (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn as-salah ()
Abu 'amr `uthman ibn `abdu'r-rahman ash-shahrazuri, known as ibn as-salah. he died in 643/1245. he wrote a book on the science of hadith, kitab 'nam al-hadith. he was a great authority in damascus. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn as-salah ()
Abu 'amr 'uthman ibn `abdu'r-rahman ash-shahrazuri, known as ibn as-salah. an important shafi'i scholar, he was a kurd born in sharkhan in 577/1181. he studied in many cities and became a master of hadith. one of his teachers was ibn qudama. he was appointed the head of the dar al-hadith in damascus. he wrote a number of books on various topics, including fiqh. he has a famous collection of fatwas called fatawa ibn as-saldh. he died in 643/1245. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn babuya ()
(Ibn babawayh) Muhammad ibn `all al-qumml, (306/918 - 381/992). he is known also as shaykh saduq. author of the main shiite collections of hadith, man la yahdhuruh al-fagih, which covers only legal matters. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn daqiq al-'id ()
Taqiyyuddin Muhammad ibn `all, born in yanbu', a shafi`i, mujtahid, made qadi in cairo in 695. he has poems in praise of madina. he was born in 625/1228 and died in 702/1302. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn habib ()
'Abd al-malik as-sulami, a maliki jurist of cordoba who studied under ibn al-majishun. he was the author of al-wadiha, one of the major maliki texts which was used in andalusia. it was one of the most comprehensive books of maliki fiqh. although it no longer exists, much of it is quoted in an-nawadir of ibn abi zayd al-qayrawani. he travelled throughout the world in search of knowledge and verifying what he had. he died in 238/852. he wrote several books. al-'utbi was his pupil and hence most of his work comes through him. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn hajar al-`asgalani ()
Abu'l-fadl ahmad ibn 'ali, born in cairo in 773/1372. shafi`i fagih and hadith scholar, he studied under azzayla`i and others, was a gadi several times and was known as "shaykh al-islam". he wrote fath al-bari and died in cairo in 852/1449. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn hajar al-haytami ()
Ahmad ibn Muhammad, born in 909/1504 in abu haytam, western egypt, was the shafi imam of his time. he received permission to give fatwas when he was barely 20. he died in makka in 974/1567. he wrote many definitive works on shafi`i fiqh, esp. tuhfat al-muhtaj, a commentary on an-nawawi's minhaj at-talibin, al-fatawa al-kubra, and az-zawajir. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn hazm ()
'Ali ibn ahmad az-zahiri, born in cordoba in 384/994. he was the main representative of the zahirite school after he abandoned the shafi`i school. his contentiousness eventually forced him to withdraw to his family estate where he died in 456/1064. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn hibban ()
Muhammad ibn hibban at-tamimi al-busti, a shafi`i hadith scholar who died in bust in 354/965. he wrote kitab aththigat and compiled the sahih ibn hibban. the hadiths in this book are arranged neither as in a musannaf nor as in a musnad. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn juzayy ()
Muhammad ibn ahmad, abu'l-qasim ibn juzayy al-kalbi of granada, born in 693/1294, a maliki scholar and imam in tafsir and fiqh. he wrote al-qawa'id al-fiqhiya. he died in 741/1340. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn juzayy ()
Muhammad ibn ahmad, abu'l-qasim ibn juzayy al-kalbi of granada, born in 693/1294, a maliki scholar and imam in tafsir and high. he wrote the well-known tafsir, at-tashil fi `ulum at-tanzil. he died in 741/1340. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn kathir ()
`Imad ad-din isma'il ibn 'umar ibn kathir, abu'l-fida', born in 701/1302 in a village outside damascus. he moved to damascus at the age of five. he was widely travelled and studied with many famous scholars, including ibn taymiyya. he was a shafi`i scholar with books with expertise in various areas. he was greatly respected. he has a well-known tafsir. he has little respect for the intellectual tradition. he dislikes polyvalent readings and argues for a single `correct' reading and hence he is somewhat dogmatic: it might even be said that he impoverishes the text by removing the layered meaning. his desire is also to include all of the relevant hadiths relevant to the text. he died in damascus in 774/1372. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn kathir ()
Isma'il ibn 'umar ibn kathir, abu'l-fida', born in 701/1302 in a village outside damascus where he moved at the age of five. he was widely travelled. he was a shafi`i scholar with books with expertise in various areas, particularly the science of rijal. he has a well-known tafsir. he died in damascus in 774/1372. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn khafif ()
Abu `abdullah Muhammad ibn khafif ibn isfikshar ash-shirazi, born in 276/890. the son of a prince, he became an ascetic sufi. he was also a shafi`i scholar. he went on hajj at least six times. he died in shiraz in 371/982 at the age of 95. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn khuzayma ()
Muhammad ibn ishaq, abu bakr as-sulami, born in nishapur in 223/838. he was a shafi i scholar and mujtahid and wrote more than 140 books, including his mukhtasar al-mukhtasar and a sahih collection. he died in nishapur in 311/924. (Source:Taha Publication)

Ibn ma'in ()
Yahya ibn main, abu zakariyya al-baghdadi, born in niqya, a village near al-'anbar in 157/775. he was one of the great imams of hadith and knowledge of its narrators, known as "the master of hadith masters." his father left him a fortune which he spent on gathering hadiths. he said, "i have written a million hadiths with my hand." he lived in baghdad and wrote several books on hadith and died while on hajj in 233/848. (Source:Taha Publication)

|