Foundations, general legal precepts which clarify the method of using ijtihad in a school; also the links which connect minor questions.
"People", "tribe", meaning the sufis when so used.
Sufi singing in urdu and also in persian.
A market for fine goods.
The direction faced in the prayer which is towards the ka'ba in makka. the first qibla had been jerusalem and so the early muslims had prayed towards two qiblas, a quality which is sometimes used to describe the fact that they became muslim early on.
The direction faced in the prayer by muslims which is towards the ka'ba in makka. their first qibla had been towards jerusalem and so the early muslims had prayed towards two qiblas, a quality which is sometimes used to describe the fact that they became muslim early on.
The term used in reference to the direction Muslims face during salah, the formal worship. The qiblah's focal point is the Ka'bah, the house of worship located in the city of Makkah. Depending upon where one is at any given time upon the earth, the qiblah direction may vary. From North America, the direction is roughly northeast, and worship halls in local masjids are oriented accordingly.
it is the direction that Muslims face when they do their salaah. It is in the direction of the Ka'bah in Mecca.
Timeless eternity, eternity which is not affected at all by temporal time.
(Plural qala'id) a garland around the neck of an animal brought for sacrifice during the hajj.
Contentedness, frugality and temperance; being satisfied with what one has.
A slave who was born a slave.
(Plural qanatir) "kantar", a relatively large weight-measure for food-grains, etc., e.g. wheat, maize, oat, barley, approx. 45 kgs.
(Plural qira'at) the method of recitation, punctuation and localisation of the qur'an. there are seven main readings: abu 'amr ibn al-`ala', hamza, 'asim, ibn 'amir, ibn kathir, nafi` and al-kisa'i. the two most used today are the qira'a of 'asim in the riwaya of hafs (d. 190/805) and that of nafi' in the riwaya of warsh (d. 197/812).
Wealth put by an investor in the trust of an agent for use for commercial purposes, the agent receiving no wage, but taking a desiganted share of the profits after the capital has first been paid back to the investor.
Combining hajj and 'umra simultaneously.
Qiran (Hajj Al)
'Combined Hajj'. Performing the Umrah, followed by the Hajj, without taking off the Ihram.
(Plural qararit) a measure of weight with various meanings, either a twelfth of a dirham or a huge weight like that of mount uhud.
retaliation in kind (eye for an eye). In Islam though, retaliation should be forgone as an act of charity Surah 5, Ayah 48.
Stories of the prophets.
(Plural aqsat) a measure of grain, a bushel.
The traditional name given to the dog of the seven sleepers. (see ashdb al-kahf).
According [the Islamic scholar al Shafi`i], Qiyaas is a method for reaching a legal decision on the basis of evidence (a precedent) in which a common reason, or an effective cause, is applicable.From Usul Al Fiqh Al Islami
by Taha Jabir Al Alwani
Standing, particularly the standing position in the prayer.
Standing in prayer during the night.
The arising of people at the resurrection on the last day.
Day of Judgement, resurrection.
Using analogies for the purpose of applying laws derived from the Qur'an and Sunnah to situations not explicitly covered by these two sources. Qiyas is one of the most important tools for interpreting and implementing the Shari'ah (Islamic Law).
Logical deduction by analogy, one of the four main fundamental principles which can be utilised in reaching a judgement.
Analogy of the inferior, the 'illa is less evident in the new than in the original case.
Analogy of the superior, the 'illa is more evident in the new than in the original case.
Analogy of equals, the 'illa is equally evident in the new and in the original case.
A fortiori analogy.
Sitting position during the prayer.
Paying in a debt.
Kubba, a domed shrine.
The plural of qadi.
plural form of qadi.
Power, ability, capacity.
"Hearts", the plural of qalb.
A supplication said in the prayer, particularly in the standing position after ruku ` in the subh prayer.
The holy book of Qur'an is called the Qur'an. It was revealed unto Muhammad (s.a.w) from Allah through angel Gabriel (Jibril) for a period of 23 years. There is only one Qur'an in the whole world and it is in Arabic language. The Qur'an has one text, one language, and one dialect. It has been memorized by millions of Muslims in different parts of the world.
The Qur'an is composed of 114 Surah (chapters). It is to be read and recited with rules and regulations. When to be touched and to be recited, a Muslim to be in a state of cleanliness and purity.
The authenticity and the totality of the Qur'an have been documented and recognized. The Qur'an can not be translated at all as the Qur'an is the exact words of Allah. Any translation is considered to be the explanation to the meaning of the Qur'an.
The Qur'an is so rich and comprehensive in matter that it can easily guide men and women in all works of their life. It is the ultimate source of guidance for people in all aspects of their spiritual and material lives.
The names and attributes that are given to the Qur'an in the Qur'an speak for themselves. The Qur'an is also described to be bounteous, glorious, mighty, honored, exalted, purified, wonderful, blessed, and confirming the truth of previous revelations. The Qur'an has practically proved the truth and effectiveness of all of its names and epithets in the life of all true believers, who practiced its teachings sincerely and devoutly.
The Qur'an has a Universal appeal, regardless of people's color, creed, nationality, and geographical divisions of the world. The goal of life, as addressed in the Qur'an, is to live according to what Allah has created us for, which is to worship Allah, and to obey his commandments in this life, which are of course, in the interest of people, and to gain going to Heaven and escape going to Hell in the hereafter. The real success is going to Heaven and the real failure is going to Hell, as the Qur'an states.
Those who are entirely lost in their material gains and luxury, without cultivating their spiritual and moral qualities, are declared by Allah (s..w.t.) to be like animals, rather worse than them. The ones who do not believe in Allah or follow His commandments are also described in many places of the Qur'an to be dead, deaf, mute, and blind. The real living, hearing, speaking and seeing are caused by the true belief in the heart. So our need for learning, studying, and following the Qur'an should come before our need for breathing, drinking and eating to survive, because life without such guidance is a miserable life that leads to eternal punishment.
The 'Recitation', the last revelation from Allah to mankind and the Jinn before the end of the world, revealed to Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.), through the angel Jibrail, over a period of 23 years, the first thirteen of which were spent in Mekkah and the last ten of which were spent in Madinah. The Qur'an amends, encompasses, expands, surpasses and abrogates all the earlier revelations revealed to the earlier prophets.
The word Qur'an means "the recitation" or "the reading," and refers to the divinely revealed scripture of Islam. It consists of 114 surahs (chapters) revealed by God to Muhammad over a period of twenty-three years. The Qur'an continues to be recited by Muslims throughout the world in the language of its revelation, Arabic, exactly as it was recited by Prophet Muhammad nearly fourteen hundred years ago. The Qur'an is viewed as the authoritative guide for human beings, along with the Sunnah of Muhammad. Translations of the Qur'an are considered explanations of the meaning of the Qur'an, but not the Qur'an itself. The spelling "Koran" is phonetically incorrect; the more accurate Qur'an should be used.
One of the major tribes in Arabia, to which Muhammad belonged. When Prophet Muhammad persisted in calling people to worship God alone, most of the Quraysh disavowed him and attempted to thwart his efforts, even going so far as to attempt killing him. Until Prophet Muhammad gained control of Makkah in 630 C.E., the Quraysh continued to plot Muhammad's downfall, after which they acquiesced and entered the fold of Islam.
the most powerful and prominent tribe in all of Arabia in the Prophet's era. The Quraysh were the keepers of the Ka'bah and therefore one of the wealthiest and most powerful tribes. The Prophet was from among the Quraysh. When he started to preach the True religion of Allah, the Quraysh violently persecuted him and his followers. They were badly defeated at the battle of Badr by the Muslims and their days of Jahiliyyah were finally ended when the Muslims liberated Mecca and destroyed all the idols in the Ka'bah in the year 630 C.E.
Nearness, proximity to Allah, the closest of which is `two bow's lengths', the nearest a slave could approach a king.