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Displaying 51 through 70 of 70 terms found. (50 terms displayed).
Haraam - 74

something which is unlawful or prohibited in Islam.

Haraam (ha-raam) - 263
Arabic term designating that which is deemed unlawful or forbidden in Islam, based on the two authoritative sources, the Qur'an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad. Muslims must refrain from all things or actions designated haram. (Source:CIE)

Haram - 75

a Haram is a sanctuary, a sacred territory. Mecca has been considered a Haram since the time of Abraham. All things within the limit of the Haram are protected and considered inviolable Madinah was also declared a Haram by the Prophet.

Hijrah (hij-rah) - 267
The migration in 622 C.E. of Prophet Muhammad and members of the Muslim community from the city of Makkah to the city of Yathrib, later renamed Madinah an-Nabi (city of the Prophet) in honor of Muhammad. The Islamic lunar calendar, often called the Hijri calendar, is dated from this important event, which marks the beginning of an Islamic state (in Madinah) in which the Shari'ah (Islamic Law) was implemented. (Source:CIE)

Iqamah (IQAAMAH) - 85

Iqamah is an Arabic word that refers to the second call for the prayer which follows the first call (Adhan). Iqamah means that the prayer is ready to start. It is to be recited in Arabic before every obligatory prayer. It is composed of specific words and phrases very closely related to the Adhan.

Isa (ee-sa) - 281
Jesus, an eminent prophet in Islam. Muslims believe that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was a chaste and pious woman, and that God miraculously created Jesus in her womb. After his birth, he began his mission as a sign to humankind and a prophet of God, calling people to righteousness and worship of God alone. Muslims do not believe Jesus was crucified, but rather that God spared him such a fate and ascended him to Heaven. (Source:CIE)

Isma'il (iss-ma-eel) - 282
The elder son of Abraham, born to his wife Hajar. When he was about thirteen years old, Isma'il helped Abraham build the Ka'bah as a place for monotheists to worship the One God. He, along with his younger brother Is'haq (Isaac), are considered by Muslims to have been prophets in their own right. (Source:CIE)

Jahannam - 89

means Hell.

Jihad (JIHAAD) - 94

It is an Arabic word the root of which is Jahada, which means to strive for a better way of life. The nouns are Juhd, Mujahid, Jihad, and Ijtihad. The other meanings are: endeavor, strain, exertion, effort, diligence, fighting to defend one's life, land, and religion.

Jihad should not be confused with Holy War; the latter does not exist in Islam nor will Islam allow its followers to be involved in a Holy War. The latter refers to the Holy War of the Crusaders.

Jihad is not a war to force the faith on others, as many people think of it. It should never be interpreted as a way of compulsion of the belief on others, since there is an explicit verse in the Qur'an that says:There is no compulsion in religionAl-Qur'an: Al-Baqarah (2:256).

Jihad is not a defensive war only, but a war against any unjust regime. If such a regime exists, a war is to be waged against the leaders, but not against the people of that country. People should be freed from the unjust regimes and influences so that they can freely choose to believe in Allah.

Not only in peace but also in war Islam prohibits terrorism, kidnapping, and hijacking, when carried against civilians. Whoever commits such violations is considered a murderer in Islam, and is to be punished by the Islamic state. during wars, Islam prohibits Muslim soldiers from harming civilians, women, children, elderly, and the religious men like priests and rabies. It also prohibits cutting down trees and destroying civilian constructions.

Jihad (ji-haad) - 292
Jihad is an Arabic word which derives from the three-letter root j-h-d, and means "to exert oneself" or "to strive." Other meanings include endeavor, strain, effort, diligence, struggle. Usually understood in terms of personal betterment, jihad may also mean fighting to defend one's (or another's) life, property, and faith. Because jihad is a highly nuanced concept, it should not be understood to mean "holy war," a common misrepresentation. (Source:CIE)

Jum'ah (joom-ah) - 294
The congregational worship performed on Fridays in place of the midday worship. On this special day, Muslims make a extra effort to go to their local masjid to listen to the khutbah (community address) by the imam (worship leader) and to perform the formal worship with their fellow Muslim brothers and sisters. (Source:CIE)

Ka'bah - 295
An empty cube-shaped structure located in the city of Makkah (in modern-day Saudi Arabia). Built by Prophet Abraham and his son Prophet Ishma'il about 4,000 years ago, the Ka'bah stands as the first building dedicated to the worship of the One God. The Ka'bah is made of stone, and is covered by a black and gold cloth embroidered with verses from the Qur'an. (Source:CIE)

Ka'bah (KABAH) - 97

the first house of worship built for mankind. It was originally built by Adam and later on reconstructed by Abraham and Isma'il. It is a cubed shaped structure based in the city of Mecca to which all Muslims turn to in their five daily paryers.

Khutbah - 103

a speech or sermon. It is sometimes used to refer to the sermon given during the Friday cogregational prayer.

Khutbah (khut-bah) - 298
The weekly community address given by an imam immediately prior to the Jum'ah (Friday) midday worship service. The address serves as a venue for leaders to share with members of the congregation religious insights, to discuss Islamic viewpoints on important contemporary issues, and to reinforce teachings of Islam. (Source:CIE)

Koran (Quran,Qur'an) - 299
See Qur'an. (Source:CIE)

La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah - 106

The meaning of this expression is:There is no power and no strength save in Allah.This expression is read by a Muslim when he is struck by a calamity, or is taken over by a situation beyond his control. A Muslim puts his trust in the hands of Allah, and submits himself to Allah.

La ilaha illallah (LAA ILAHA ILLALLAH) - 107

This expression is the most important one in Islam. It is the creed that every person has to say to be considered a Muslim. It is part of the first pillar of Islam. The meaning of which is:There is no lord worthy of worship except Allah.

The second part of this first pillar is to say:Muhammadun Rasul Allah,which means:Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.

Laylat al-Qadr (layl-at al-cud-er) - 300
Literally, "Night of Power." This term is used in reference to the night in Ramadan, 610 C.E. on which Prophet Muhammad received the first revelations of the Qur'an, during his retreat in the cave of Hira above Makkah. Muslims commemorate this night, believed to be the 27th of Ramadan (though unknown for certain), by offering additional prayers and supplications late into the night. (Source:CIE)

Mu'min - 122

a person who has deep faith in Allah and is a righteous and obedient servant of His.