Also written as jinaza: the dead person, the funeral bier; the funeral prayer.
The Muslim funeral prayer, performed as a sign of respect and goodwill for a deceased Muslim, immediately prior to burial. The prayer reminds all Muslims of their ultimate mortality, thereby reinforcing an ethic of righteous and God-conscious living.
The garden, paradise.
The garden, heaven, paradise.
A term found in the Qur'an in reference to Heaven, described as a place of happiness, contentment, and vitality. A reward for the righteous and God-conscious, Paradise is often described as a blissful garden, where people live in eternal comfort and joy.
Jarh wa ta`dil
"Wounding and authentication", criticism of the transmitters in an isnad.
(Plural ajriba) a grain measure of capacity of either 16, 26, or 29.5 litres; also a unit of area equal to ten qasaba squared, or 3,600 square cubits, which varied according to the length of the cubit.
The school founded by ibn jarir at-tabari which differed so little from the shafi'i school that it soon disappeared.
A turkish tariqa founded by shaykh nur ad-din Muhammad al-jarrah of istanbul (d. 1183/1720).
One of the zaydi shiite groups who believed that there was a shard of the descendants of hasan and husayn after the death of hasan. they insisted that the rightful imam must not remain hidden.
It is said of the prophet that he spoke jawami` al kalim", meaning comprehensive but concise language, language which conveys many meanings in few words.
Lit. "jewel", substance, specifically the essence of intrinsic being of a form.
Socks (not to be confused with khuff, leather socks).
This is a statement of thanks and appreciation to be said to the person who does a favour. instead of saying "thanks" (shukran), this phrase is used. it means: "may Allah reward you for the good."
(JAZAKALLAHU KHAIRAN JAZAKALLAH KHAIR JAZAKALLAHU KHAIR)
This is a statement of thanks and appreciation to be said to the person who does a favor. Instead of sayingthanks(Shukran), the Islamic statement of thanks is to say this phrase. Its meaning is:May Allah reward you for the good.
It is understood that human beings can't repay one another enough. Hence, it is better to request Almighty Allah to reward the person who did a favor and to give him the best.
Moroccan reformed shadhili tariqa. it has various branches, including the darqawa.
A place near makka, where the messenger of Allah distributed the booty from the battle of hunayn and from where he went into ihram to perform `umra.
Muslims believe that angels are among God's many creations. Jibreel (Gabriel in English) is believed to be one of the most important angels, as he was reponsible for transmitting God's divine revelations to all of the human prophets, ending with Muhammad. Due to his special role in bridging the divine and human realms, he is referred to in the Qur'an as a Spirit (ruh) from God.
Or jibra'il, the angel gabriel who brought the revelation of the qur'an to the prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.
Struggle, particularly fighting in the way of Allah to establish islam.
Jihad is an Arabic word which derives from the three-letter root j-h-d, and means "to exert oneself" or "to strive." Other meanings include endeavor, strain, effort, diligence, struggle. Usually understood in terms of personal betterment, jihad may also mean fighting to defend one's (or another's) life, property, and faith. Because jihad is a highly nuanced concept, it should not be understood to mean "holy war," a common misrepresentation.
It is an Arabic word the root of which is Jahada, which means to strive for a better way of life. The nouns are Juhd, Mujahid, Jihad, and Ijtihad. The other meanings are: endeavor, strain, exertion, effort, diligence, fighting to defend one's life, land, and religion.
Jihad should not be confused with Holy War; the latter does not exist in Islam nor will Islam allow its followers to be involved in a Holy War. The latter refers to the Holy War of the Crusaders.
Jihad is not a war to force the faith on others, as many people think of it. It should never be interpreted as a way of compulsion of the belief on others, since there is an explicit verse in the Qur'an that says:There is no compulsion in religionAl-Qur'an: Al-Baqarah (2:256).
Jihad is not a defensive war only, but a war against any unjust regime. If such a regime exists, a war is to be waged against the leaders, but not against the people of that country. People should be freed from the unjust regimes and influences so that they can freely choose to believe in Allah.
Not only in peace but also in war Islam prohibits terrorism, kidnapping, and hijacking, when carried against civilians. Whoever commits such violations is considered a murderer in Islam, and is to be punished by the Islamic state. during wars, Islam prohibits Muslim soldiers from harming civilians, women, children, elderly, and the religious men like priests and rabies. It also prohibits cutting down trees and destroying civilian constructions.
Name in the arab west for the qadiriya tariqa.
Plural of jamra.
A class of being created from smokeless fire who are generally invisible to human beings. there are many types of them, like the `ifrit and the ghul, which lures travellers to their death in the wilderness.
Inhabitants of the heavens and the earth made of smokeless fire who are usually invisible.
These are spiritual beings that inhabit the world and are required to follow the orders of Allah and are accountable for their deeds. They can be good or bad, just like people. The word Jinn in Arabic means hidden, which indicates that they are invisible creatures. They were created by Allah from fire.
A class of creation in some ways similar to human beings. Though they are non-physical beings, they possess, like humans, a free will. Thus, they may choose to obey or disobey God's commandments, and will ultimately be held accountable for their actions. Occasionally they involve themselves in the lives of human beings, causing confusion and fright, though not all jinns are believed to be malevolent.
Genus, things of the same sort which cannot be exchanged with deferment unless it is same for same (e.g. for the malikis, lead and zinc; wheat, barley and rye; maize, millet and rice; pulses; meat of all poultry; all fishes; meat of all quadrupeds.) things done to them do not alter the genus, e.g. flour is still wheat.
A protection tax payable by non-muslims as a tribute to a muslim ruler, traditionally 4 dinars or 40 dirhams per year.
A protection tax payable by non-muslims as a tribute to the muslim ruler.
A tax imposed on non-Muslims who are under Muslim country.
a tax paid by non-Muslims living in a Muslim State. Since the non-Muslims are exempt from military service and taxes imposed on Muslims, they must pay this tax to compensate. It guarentees them security and protection. If the State cannot protect those who paid jizyah, then the amount they paid is returned to them.
The undertaking of one party (the Jael, bank or employer) to pay a specified amount of money to another party in return for rendering a specified service in accordance with the terms of contract.
Contract to complete a specific job for a specific reward in a period of time which is not specified.
Mount ararat, where the ark landed.
Colleagues. the singular is jabs.
Sitting, particularly the sitting position in the prayer. (cf. qu `ud).
The congregational worship performed on Fridays in place of the midday worship. On this special day, Muslims make a extra effort to go to their local masjid to listen to the khutbah (community address) by the imam (worship leader) and to perform the formal worship with their fellow Muslim brothers and sisters.
The sixth month of the muslim lunar calendar. jumada al-ula: the fifth month of the muslim lunar calendar.