(Plural fussaq) sinner, deviant, fornicater, profligate.
(Plural fussaq) a person not meeting the legal requirements of righteousness. the evidence of such a person is inadmissible in court.
One of corrupt moral character who engages in various sins.
Cancellation, invalidation of a contract.
"Noble youth", someone who is generous and faithful, a practitioner of futuwwa. al-qushayri says, "he has no enemy and does not care whether he is a wall or an unbeliever."
Kharijite doctrine of eclipse of belief.
Plural of fatwa.
A collection of fatwas made by jurists in the moghul empire during the 12th/18th century under `alamgir. it was edited by nizam ad-din burhanpuri and twenty-four other scholars. the sections dealing with worship are classical in pattern, while those dealing with criminal and civil law are more pragmatic. a source for muslim law in india.
An opening in the soul which sets someone on the path to realisation. (cf. futuh).
"Facilitating the means"; it entails making the means to what is obligatory also obligatory.
"The victory of the mighty", by ar-rafi`i (d. 623/1226), a commentary on al-wajiz by al-ghazali, which in turn provided the basis for the minhaj at-talibin of an-nawawi. it is a main reference of the shafi'i school.
By ibn hajar al-'asqalani (d. 852/1449), a fourteen volume commentary on sahih al-bukhari. it is sometimes described as the work by which muslim scholars repaid the debt they owed to al-bukhari.
The arabic vowel a.
"The opener," the first sara of the qur'an.
The first sura of the qur'an.
(Plural fatawa) an authoritative statement on a point of law.
A legal ruling in Shari'ah (Islamic Law), made by a learned and qualified scholar, usually in response to an unprecedented situation or to address a novel issue.
An authoritative statement on a point of law.
legal opinion concerning Islamic Law.
A legal verdict given on a religious basis. The sources on which a fatwa is based are the Holy Qur'an, Sahih Bukhari and Muslim, and all other authenticated Ahadeeth. Plural: Fatawa.
Spoils taken without fighting. it goes to the muslim treasury, the bayt al-mal.
The emanation of created things from Allah. the word is not used in the qur'an for creation. muslim philosophers, such as al-farabi and ibn sina, under the influence of neoplatonism conceived of creation as a gradual unfolding process. generally, they proposed that the world came into being as the result of god's superabundance. the process of creation begins, they asserted, at the most perfect level and then "descends" to the least perfect: physical matter. all created things yearn for what is more perfect.
Overflowing, emanation, effusion, manifestation.
Other than the two general feasts, there are few festivities that Muslims do enjoy. These are related to different activities or functions. Some of these activities are:
- 'Aqiqah: It is a dinner reception to be made after a child is born. Relatives, friends, and neighbors are invited for such an occasion.
- Walimah: It is a dinner reception to be made after a marriage is consummated. It is offered by the parents and/or by the married couples. Friends, relatives, and neighbors are also invited.
Crimson brimless head-covering worn in the later ottoman empire and in some successor-states, outlawed in turkey by kemal ataturk. fiqh: the science of the application of the shari'a. a practitioner or expert in fiqh is called a fagih.
Valedictory phrase meaning "in Allah's protection."
The arabic expression meaning "in the way of Allah", "for the cause of Allah".
A ransom, compensation paid for rites or acts of worship missed or wrongly performed because of ignorance or ill health.
Compensation for missing or wrongly practising necessary acts of worship.Fidyah usually takes the form of donating money or foodstuff, or sacrificing an animal.
Reflection, seeking the meaning of things as manifestations of the divine. also tafakkur.
( FIQAH FIQHA)
The meaning of the word fiqh is understanding, comprehension, knowledge, and jurisprudence in Islam. A jurist is called a Faqih who is an expert in matters of Islamic legal matters.
A Faqih is to pass verdicts within the rules of the Islamic Law namely Shariah.
The most famous scholars of Fiqh in the history Muslims are the founders of the four schools of thought in Islam: Imam Malik, Imam Ash-Shafi'i, Imam Abu Hanifah, and Imam Ahmad.
Anything or action in Islam falls within the following five categories of Fiqh:
- Fardh (Must): This category is a must for the Muslim to do such as the five daily prayers. Doing the Fardh counts as a good deed, and not doing it is considered a bad deed or a sin.
It is also called Wajib except for Imam Abu Hanifah who makes Wajib a separate category between the Fardh and the Mubah.
- Mandub (Recommended): This category is recommended for the Muslim to do such as extra prayers after Zuhr and Maghrib. Doing the Mandub counts as a good deed and not doing it does not count as a bad deed or a sin.
- Mubah (Allowed): This category is left undecided and left for the person, such as eating apples or oranges. Doing or not doing the Mubah does not count as a good or bad deed.
Intention of the person can change Mubah to Fard, Mandub, Makruh, or Haram.
Other things could also change the status of the Mubah. For example, any Mubah becomes Haram if it is proven harmful, and any necessary thing to fulfill a Fardh is a Fardh too.
- Makruh (Hated): This category is a detested and hated such as growing fingernails or sleeping on the stomach. Not doing the Makruh counts as a good deed and doing it does not count as a bad deed.
- Haram (Prohibited): This category is prohibited for the Muslim to do such as stealing and lying. Doing the haram counts as a bad deed and not doing it counts as a good deed.
Imam Abu Hanifah also puts another category between the Makruh and the Haram. It is called Karahah Tahrimiyyah which means hated almost to the level of Haram.
The science of the application of the shari `a. a practitioner or expert in fiqh is called a faqih.
Literally "understanding," this term refers to the body of knowledge and legal opinions developed by Muslim jurists and scholars from the primary sources in Islam, the Qur'an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad. Fiqh is essentially the interpretation and application of Shari'ah to specific circumstances or issues.
"Jurisprudence of [muslim] minorities", a new name for an old area of jurisprudence that used to be called fiqh an-nawazil, or "jurisprudence of momentous events".
The science of hadiths which deal with legal judgements.
"Jurisprudence of momentous events", an area of fiqh covered mostly by the malikis, which is concerned with the fiqh for muslims living in a minority situation.
The science of recognising a person's inward qualities by studying the outward appearance; intuitive knowledge of human nature.
Paradise, one of the highest parts of the garden.
Deviant behaviour, leaving the correct way or abandoning the truth, disobeying Allah, immoral behaviour.
The testimony of someone who is fasiq, who behaves in a manner which can be described as fisq, is not accepted as evidence in court. this involves committing a major sin or persisting in minor ones.
(Plural fitan) civil strife, sedition, schism, trial, temptation. fitr: see `id al-fitr
The first nature, the natural, primal condition of mankind in harmony with nature.
means civil strife, war, riots.
The first nature; the natural, primal condition of mankind in harmony with nature.