A term commonly used to mean "religion," but actually referring to the totality of Muslim beliefs and practices. Thus, Islam as a deen is a "complete way of life."
(Plural dhaba'ih) an animal slaughtered for food. dhanb (plural dhunub): wrong action, sin.
Liability underlying a partnership formed on the basis of labor, where the partner is liable for performing the contract or completing the work accepted by either partner.
Liability underlying a partnership formed on the basis of credit-worthiness where each partner is liable, jointly and severally, for paying the price of goods bought on credit.
Essence, quiddity, the absolute being stripped of all modes, relations and aspects. also called al-mahiyya.
The miqat of the people of iraq. it is a ruined town two stages from makka.
Tasting, experience of direct knowledge, sapience (with the original sense of the latin sapere, to taste). one of the first manifestations on the path.
Remembrance of Allah [God] through verbal or mental repetition of His divine attributes or various religious formulas, such as "Soob-han Allah," meaning "Glory be to God." Dhikr is a common practice among all Muslims, but is especially emphasized by Sufis.
remembrance for the sake of Allah.
Lit. remembrance, mention. commonly used, it means invocation of Allah by repetition of his names or particular formulae. forms include: dhikr al-lisan, dhikr with the tongue; dhikr an-nafs, recollection of theself which is inward and not audible; dhikr al-qalb, the contemplation of the heart; dhikr ar-ruh, dhikr with the spirit; dhikr as-sirr, dhikr of the inner secret; dhikr al-khafi, secret recollection; dhikr akhfa al-khafi, the most secret remembrance of the secret.
"Remembrance or invocation of Allah".
"Remembrance of Allah".
Lowliness, abasement to Allah.
Obligation or contract, in particular a treaty of protection for non-muslims living in muslim territory.
A non-muslim living under the protection of muslim rule.
a non-Muslim living under the protection of a Muslim state. He is exempt from duties of Islam like military and zakah but must instead pay a tax called jizyah.
A person belonging to the category of "protected people" (ahl ad-dhimmah) within the Islamic state. Historically, Jews and Christians traditionally received this status due to their belief in One God, but others such as Zoroastrians, Buddhists and Hindus were also included. Dhimmis had full rights to practice their faith and implement their own religious laws within their communities. In exchange for a guarantee of protection and exemption from military service, dhimmis payed a specific tax to the state, just as their fellow Muslim citizens did.
A non-muslim living under the protection of muslim rule on payment of the jizya.
(Plural adhru `) a cubit varying from 45 cm to 66.5 cm.
The twelfth month of the muslim lunar calendar in which the hajj takes place.
The eleventh month of the muslim lunar calendar.
A male, whom a woman can never marry because of close relationship (e.g. a brother, a father, an uncle etc.); or her own husband.
The miqat of the people of madina, now called bayar 'ali.
A prophet mentioned in the qur'an in 21:85, possibly ezekiel.
"The two-horned", a name given to a great ruler in the past who ruled all over the world, and was a true believer. it is often thought to refer to alexander the great. his story is mentioned in the qur'an (18:83-99).
"He of the whale", jonah or yunus.
The ascetic and gnostic of Allah, abu'l-fayd thawban ibn ibrahim, a man of knowledge and virtue. of nubian origin, he was born at akhmin in upper egypt, in about 180/796, studied under several teachers and travelled extensively through arabia and syria. in 214/829 al-mutawakkil accused him of zandaqa but having listened to him, released him. he is said to be the first to have given a systematic explanation of the states (ahwal) and stations (maqamat) on the spiritual path. he died in giza in 245/859.
(Plural ulu'l-arham) relatives who receive none of the fixed shares of inheritance and are not among the `asaba; blood relatives on the mother's side.
it means 'Possessor of the Two Lights'. It is used to refer to Uthman ibn Affan because he married two of the Prophet's daughters.
A bad debt; property which has slipped out of one's possession with little chance of recovery (like fugitive slaves). according to the malikis, if it is gold or silver, zakat is paid for one year only on it when it is removed. if it is cattle, then it is for all the past years.
Another form of Musharakah (a financing mode), developed in recent years. According to this concept, a financier and his client participate either in the joint ownership of a property or equipment, or in a joint commercial enterprise. The share of the financier is further divided into a number of units and it is understood that the client will purchase the units of the share of the financier one by one periodically, thus increasing his own share until all the units of the financier are purchased by him so as to make him the sole owner of the property, or the commercial enterprise, as the case may be.
Often written deen, the life-transaction, lit. the debt between two parties, in this usage between the creator and created. the plural is adyan.
means way of life or religion.
Gold coinage; one dinar is 4.4 grams of gold.
(Plural dananir) a gold coin 4.4 gm in weight.
Deduction (as istinbat): analysis of scripture.
(Plural darahim) a silver coin 3.08 gm in weight.
Name of a unit of currency, usually a silver coin used in the past in several Muslim countries and still used in some Muslim countries, such as Morocco and United Arab Emirates.
a silver coin.
A collection of poems primarily concerned with the declaration of haqiqa, a description of the tariqa, and confirmation of the shari `a.
Financial compensation (blood money) for homicide or injury.
Dome of the Rock
Name of the famous masjid in Jerusalem built around 691 C.E. by the Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik. The rock within the masjid structure is believed to be the point from which Muhammad was miraculously ascended to Heaven in 619 C.E.
A heterodox sect which developed out of fatimid isma`ilism and the 5th/llth century agitation of the qarmatians. today there are about half a million druzes living in syria, lebanon, and palestine who are not considered to be muslims either by the shiites or the sunnis.
Term designating personal prayer, supplication, and communication with God, as distinct from salah (formal worship). Muslims make du'as for many reasons and at various times, such as after salah, before eating a meal, before retiring to sleep, or to commemorate an auspicious occasion such as the birth of a child. Personal du'as can be made in any language, whereas salah is performed in Arabic.