The cube-shaped stone building which foundations were built by angels and completed by Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and his son, the Prophet Ismael (A.S), in Mekkah. It was rebuilt with the help of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). It is the focal point towards which all Muslims face when praying.
The cube-shaped building at the centre of the haram in makka, originally built by the prophet ibratnm. also known as the house of Allah. it is towards the ka'ba that muslims face when praying.
An empty cube-shaped structure located in the city of Makkah (in modern-day Saudi Arabia). Built by Prophet Abraham and his son Prophet Ishma'il about 4,000 years ago, the Ka'bah stands as the first building dedicated to the worship of the One God. The Ka'bah is made of stone, and is covered by a black and gold cloth embroidered with verses from the Qur'an.
the first house of worship built for mankind. It was originally built by Adam and later on reconstructed by Abraham and Isma'il. It is a cubed shaped structure based in the city of Mecca to which all Muslims turn to in their five daily paryers.
"The cup", the heart of the shaykh from which the "wine" of the knowledge of the divine is poured into the hearts of his murids in the "tavern" of the zawiya.
(Plural kaba'ir) major wrong actions which are described in the qur' an or hadith along with an explicit penalty or threat.
Legal capacity, also called ahliya.
Bail; the pledge given by someone to a creditor to ensure that the debtor will be present at a certain time and place.
Kafalah bi al-Thaman
Surety for paying the price or sum if unpaid by the person originally liable.
The shroud for the dead.
Atonement, prescribed way of making amends for wrong actions, especially missed obligatory actions.
A guarantor of bail.
A person providing surety or a guarantor.
a person who refuses to submit himself to Allah (God), a disbeliever in God.
(Plural kafirun or kuffar) a person who rejects Allah and his messenger. the opposite is believer or mu'min.
Talk or speech as inkalamu Allah; has also been used through the ages to mean logic or philosophy.
`Theology' and dogmatics. kalam begins with the revealed tradition and uses rationalistic methods in order to understand and explain it and to resolve apparent contradictions. the name was either derived from the fact that their primary question was the "word of Allah" or in imitation of philosophers who called "logic" "kalam ". (compare with falsafa).
"The speech of Allah", e.g. the qur'an.
Someone who dies without heirs.
Literally the "word" = the shahada.
"The word of Allah", meaning the prophet `isa.
"The one to whom Allah spoke directly", a title of the prophet musa.
Perfection of gnosis - being disconnected from attributes and their effects.
Hoarded up gold, silver and money, the zakat of which has not been paid.
(Plural kardhiyya) abhorrence, abomination.
Marks of honour, miracles. distinct from mu jizat - prophetic miracles, things which cannot be imitated. both are kharq al-`adat, the extraordinary breaking of normal patterns.
"May Allah honour him", a formula used when `ali ibn abi talib is mentioned.
(Or iktisab) acquisition. among the ash'arites, the action of a creature is said to be created and originated by Allah and `acquired' by the creature, meaning it is brought into connection with his power and will without there resulting any effect from him in bringing it into existence. he is simply a locus for it. it also refers to knowledge which is obtained by the voluntary application of secondary causes.
Unveiling, knowledge which does not require proof as it is a direct perception of the true nature of things.
"The lifting of the veil", the oldest persian treatise on sufism, translated by r.a. nicholson. al-hujwiri (d. c. 467/1075) wrote it as a reply to certain questions put to him and to set forth a complete overview of sufism.
The arabic vowel i.
Dense, thick, the opposite of latrf (subtle).
The recording angels. (see qur'an 82:10-12).
A plant used for dyeing hair.
Being, all phenomena.
"Abundance", a river in the garden; also the name of sura 108 of the qur'an.
"Abundance", a river in the garden.
Shi `ite group, who maintained that after the death of husayn, the imam was another son of `ali, Muhammad ibn al-hanafiyya (d. 81/700).
(Plural akhbar) news, report.
Isolated hadith; a report coming down by a single isnad or from a single source. (also called khabar al-khassa.)
The first wife of Prophet Muhammad, and during her lifetime, the only one. Khadijah was a successful businesswoman in Makkah who employed Muhammad as a merchant/trader because of his well-known reputation for honesty and trustworthiness. The Prophet was married to her for 25 years until her death at the age of 65 in 619 C.E. They had two sons [both died in infancy] and four daughters together.
Hidden, obscure, also refers to a category of unclear words.
(Plural akhwal) maternal uncle.
(The arabic is khalifa, plural khulafa'); caliph. someone who stands in for someone else, in this case the leader of the muslim community, although it is sometimes used for the deputy of some one in a higher position of authority.
"Successor", the representative of the shaykh, who is more accomplished than a muqaddam or na'ib. the plural is khulafa'.
An Arabic term meaning "successor," it refers to the rightful successor of Prophet Muhammad as leader of the ummah (worldwide Muslim community). The Khalifah (caliph) is not a prophet; rather, he is charged with upholding the rights of all citizens within an Islamic state and ensuring application of the Shari'ah (Islamic Law). The immediate successors of Prophet Muhammad, known as the "Rightly-Guided" Caliphs, were Abu Bakr as-Sadiq, Umar ibn al-Khattab, Uthman ibn Affan, and Ali ibn Abi Talib.