The arousing or bringing the dead back to life at the end of the world.
Giving allegiance to the shaykh.
"The door of doors", meaning repentance.
"The gate of the well-watered", a special gate of the garden by which the people of fasting enter.
Change of mind in relation to Allah's knowledge. this doctrine was held by some extreme shiite groups who would forecast certain events, and when what they predicted did not occur would say that Allah had "changed his mind".
By abu bakr al-kashani (d. 587/1191), a systematic arrangement of fiqh.
(Plural budn) a camel or a cow or an ox driven to be offered as a sacrifice, by the pilgrims at the sanctuary of makka. (cf. hady).
What comes suddenly upon the heart from the unseen because of joy or sorrow.
Desert or semi-arid environment. badr (plural budar): the full moon.
a desert or semi-arid environment.
(Plural abdal) a gnostic in constant contemplation of Allah, often seen in more than one place at the same time. badl means "substitute". ibn al-`arabi says: "they are seven. whoever travels from one place and leaves his body in its form so that no one recognises that he has gone, only that one is a badl." some say that they are forty.
the first full military confrontation between the Muslims and the enemies of Allah. The battle took place between the Muslims and the Quraish of Mecca in the second year of Hijrah (624 C.E.). Eventhough the Muslims were outnumbered, the final result was to their favor.
'Urbun refers to the deposit or earnest money that the buyer gives the seller, on the understanding that it will be part of the buying price once the sale is finalized. In the event that the sale falls through the seller keeps this initial amount. Among the different schools, only the Hanabali's have validated al'urbun.
(Bay Mu'ajjal )
Sale based on deferred payment, either in a lump sum or instalments.
*A sale in which the parties agree that the payment of price shall be deferred is called a Bai Mu'ajjal.
*Bai Mu'ajjal is valid if the date of payment is fixed in an unambiguous manner.
*The date of payment can be fixed either with reference to a particular date, or by specifying a period, like three months, but it cannot be fixed with reference to a future event where the exact date is unknown or uncertain. If the time of payment is unknown or uncertain, the sale is void.
*If a particular period is fixed for payment, like one month, it will be deemed to commence from the time of delivery, unless the parties have agreed otherwise.
*The deferred price may be more than the cash price, but it must be fixed at the time of sale.
*Once the price is fixed, it cannot be decreased if it was paid earlier, nor can it be increased in the case of default.
*In order to ensure the buyer pays the installments promptly, the buyer may be asked to promise that in the case of default, he will donate some specified amount for a charitable purpose. In such cases, the seller may receive such an amount from the buyer, not as part of his income, but to use it for charitable purposes on behalf of the buyer.
*If the commodity is sold on installment, the seller may put a condition on the buyer that if he fails to pay any installment on its due date, the remaining installments will become due immediately.
*In order to secure the payment, the seller may ask the buyer to furnish a security whether in the form of a mortgage, a lien or a charge on any of his existing assets.
The buyer can also be asked to sign a promissory note or a Bill of Exchange, but the note or the bill cannot be sold to a third party at a price different from its face value.Bai Salam, also spelled as Bay Salam:
This term refers to the advance payment for goods which are delivered later. Normally, no sale can be effected unless the goods are in existence at the time of the bargain. But this type of sale is the exception to the general rule provided the goods are defined and the date of delivery is fixed. The objects of this type of sale are mainly tangible but exclude gold or silver as these are regarded as having monetary value. Barring these, bai al-salam covers almost all things which are capable of being definitely described as to quantity, quality and workmanship. One of the conditions of this type of contract is advance payment; the parties cannot reserve their option of rescinding it but the option of revoking it on account of a defect in the subject matter is allowed. It is also applied to a mode of financing adopted by Islamic banks. It is usually applied in the agricultural sector, where the bank advances money for various inputs to receive a share in the crop, which the bank sells in the market.
Literally means sale. Commonly used as a prefix in referring to different types of sales: Muajjal, Murabahah, Tawliyah and Wadi'ah.
Bai' Bithaman Ajil (Al)
(Al-Bay-Bithaman Ajil (BBA) financing)
In modern Islamic banking, the term refers to a buying and selling transaction between the bank (or financial institution) and the customer, whereby the former buys a property (or an asset, e.g. a house) at the prevailing market price and sells it to the customer at a mark-up price where payments are made by installments over a period of time agreed upon by both parties. The profit earned by the bank is legitimate from the Shari'ah point of view since the transaction is based on a sale contract rather than a loan contract. Any predetermined profit arising from the loan is prohibited in Islam as it amounts to Riba.
An Islamic treasury intended for the community development as well as provision for Masakeen (needy Muslims).
The ancient name of makka.
means weepers. These were the people that could not accompany the Prophet on his campaign to Tabuk because they lacked the resources to do so. They started to weep when they could not go.
"Those who weep constantly", a term used in reference to the early sufis in basra.
Affliction, trial, which is a sign of divine love and necessary for spiritual development.
(Plural balaghat) a hadith in which the isnad is not mentioned, but the reporter quotes the prophet directly. also called mu `allaq.
The clear and perspicuous style of the qur'an.
One who is has reached the age of maturity.
Someone who is an adult.
The tribe of israel, the children or descendants of israel or ya`qub.
A term used for the byzantines/romans. asfar is meant to be a name for "rum" (roman) or rum, the son of esau. some state that the roman emperors were called the `sons of sufar' and that the israelites say that this is sophar, son of eliphaz son of esau. it may mean the edomites.
Going on by Allah, when the sufi returns to mankind after annihilation (fana').
the cemetery where a good many of the Sahabah are buried. It is in the south-east side of Madinah.
Blessing, any good which is bestowed by Allah, and especially that which increases, a subtle beneficient spiritual energy which can flow through things or people.
means blessing or Divine Grace.
This is an expression which means:May the blessings of Allah (be upon you).When a Muslim wants to thank to another person, he uses different statements to express his thanks, appreciation, and gratitude. One of them is to sayBaraka Allah.
An expression which means: "may the blessings of Allah (be upon you)." when a muslim wants to thank another person, he uses different statements to express his thanks, appreciation, and gratitude. one of them is to say "barakAllah."
(Plural burud) a postal stage of twelve miles, state communication and transport system, loan word from veredus (l.) via beredos (gr.)
Cyrenaica in modern libya.
Pious, dutiful to one's parents; one who behaves with kindness and gentleness and is truthful.
An interspace or dimension between two realities which both separates and yet links them.
The interspatial life in the grave between death in this world and resurrection on the day of rising.
The expression "in the name of Allah, the all-merciful, the all-compassionate".
The expression, "in the name of Allah, the all-merciful, the all-compassionate".
Name for the Arabic formula pronounced by Muslims at various times for various reasons. The formula "Bismillah ar-Rahman ar-Raheem," means "In the Name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful" and is said before any act or activity of importance, such as travelling, eating a meal, rising from sleep, etc.
Expansion, an involuntary state over which a human being has no control. it is the expansion of the heart in the state of unveiling which arises from hope. the opposite of qabd.
The quickening or bringing the dead back to life at the end of the world. ba `th also means sending forth with a message. }batul:} ascetic and chaste, detached from worldly things and devoted to Allah. it is a title used for both fatima (the prophet's daughter) and maryam.
Null and void.
means false of falsehood.
Null and void (a contract).