Hajj and the Neglected Legacy of a Great Woman

Islam teaches us to submit completely and whole-heartedly. "O you who believe! Enter into Islam completely, whole-heartedly..." (Quran 2:208)

It also calls for a submission that is spontaneous and conscientious, without any hesitation or resistance against the will and guidance of God. "But no, by your Rabb, they can have no (real) faith, until they make you judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against your decisions, but accept them with the fullest conviction." (Quran 4:65)

There is great - truly great - news from God. "Those who have faith and do righteous deeds, they are the best of creatures, their reward is with God: Gardens of Eternity, beneath which rivers flow; they will dwell therein forever; God is well pleased with them, and they with Him: All this for such as fear their Rabb (the cherisher and sustainer)." (Quran 98:7-8)

Eid al-Adha is a great and unique occasion of joy and celebration. Ironically, this joy and celebration revolve around sacrifice. It would probably make sense to only those who understand that the joy of giving that touches others' lives is far greater and deeper than the joy of receiving.

This great occasion of Eid al-Ad'ha is tied to an unique event, the Hajj; a unique city, Makkah; and a unique family, the family of Ibrahim (peace be upon him). Indeed, what the Quran refers to the Milla of Ibrahim is essentially rooted in the legacy of a model family. Say: "God speaks the Truth: follow the Milla of Ibrahim, the True in Faith; he was not of the Pagans." (Quran 3:95)

We cannot discuss Eid al-Ad'ha without remembering Ibrahim, who represents in the Quran an ideal submission. He never hesitated to respond to the call and command of his Rabb (the Creator, the Sustainer and the Evolver). He never considered anything too precious to be withheld when it came to fulfilling the wish of his Rabb. Everything he did was commanded by God, and was fulfilled by him conscientiously with honor and nobility. We are all too familiar with the story of his unwavering faith and conviction, and his supreme sacrifice as embodied in the event when he was ready to sacrifice his dear and only son to fulfill the wish of his Rabb. "Behold! his Rabb (Lord) said to him: "Bow (submit your will to Me): He said: "I bow (submit my will) to the Lord and Cherisher of the Universe." (Quran 2:131) We know, of course, God didn't really want him to slaughter his son, he just wanted to see if Ibrahim was ready to submit entirely and unconditionally. No loving God would have exacted such a sacrifice of one's own child in reality.

Another member of this ideal family was the first son of Ibrahim, Ismail. The Quran presents him as like father like son. "... (Abraham) he said: 'O my son! I see in vision that I offer you in sacrifice: Now see what is your view!' (The son) said: 'O my father! Do as you are commanded: You will find me, if God so wills, one practicing patience and constancy!" (Quran 19:102)

In his submission to the will of his Rabb, Ismail was no less ideal. He submitted to the will of God whole-heartedly and with a heart full of peace and tranquility. Once again, there are very few among us who are not already familiar with the role and position of Ismail in the heritage of Tawheed and the eternal truth.

Going beyond the customary commemoration of the stories of Ibrahim and Ismail, I want to focus here on the not-so-mentioned legacy of a great woman, Mother Hajar (Radhiallahu 'anha, May Allah be pleased with her) the wife of Ibrahim and the mother of Ismail . Indeed, she is an integral and as important part of the legacy of Tawheed and the Milla (community) of Ibrahim. Her submission to the will of her Rabb and her sacrifice were as ideal as that of Ibrahim and Ismail. God has ennobled her in the Quran by making Safaa and Marwah integral to the performance of Hajj, one of the five pillars of Islam. These are the two hills between which she ran back and forth in search of water for her beloved infant son, while she was all alone according to the plan of God Himself. "Behold! Safaa and Marwah are among the symbols of God. So if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times, should compass them round, it is no sin in them. And if any one obeys his own impulse to Good, be sure that God is He Who recognizes and knows." (Quran 2:158)

If the readers have not read already, I invite them to read the Hadith containing details of her story in Sahih al-Bukhari (Vol. 4, #583, Book of Ambiya or Prophets).

Mother Hajar was not just a wife of Ibrahim, but she was deeply loved by him. But, once again, to fulfill the wish of God, he brought Mother Hajar and their beloved infant son, Ismail, to this abandoned, desolate, barren valley of Makkah. There was no such inhabited place called Makkah at that time.

As Ibrahim brought Mother Hajar and Ismail to that barren, rugged valley, she asks (as in the Hadith): 'O Ibrahim! Where are you going, leaving us in this valley where there is neither any person nor anything else (to survive)?' She repeated that to him many times, but he did not look back at her. Then she asked him, 'Has God instructed you to do so?' He replied, 'Yes.'...

That was enough for Mother Hajar. Now she knew that it was according to the Divine Will. With the same nobility and dignity of faith as it ran in that family, "She said, 'Then God will not neglect us.' (In another version): 'I am pleased to be (left) with God.'

Then Ibrahim left and she was alone with her infant. Makkah was not an inhabited place yet. Food and water that Ibrahim provided them with were consumed by the mother and baby. Desperately, she started searching for water running back and forth through the valley between the hills of Safaa and Marwah. Surly Allah would not abandon the family of Ibrahim and so, she was visited by the arch-angel Jibril . This is an significant point to ponder: What kind of person is visited individually by Jibril?

Water, in the form of an ever flowing spring, the Zamzam, was made available to them by direct intervention of God. Right during that time, the tribe of Jurhum, passing by the valley saw birds flying. Realizing that water must be available, they searched and discovered Mother Hajar and Ismail. They sought permission to settle there. Thus, the desolate valley of Makkah became an inhabited area. Ibrahim returned there much later and laid the foundation of Ka'ba. Makkah ultimately was to emerge as a city and as the perennial heartland of Tawheed, the belief in oneness of God.

Subhanallah, God is glorified. He took such a significant and noble service from a woman. But consider another aspect. What kind of situation Mother Hajar was placed into? In that desolate, uninhabited valley, what might have been going on in her mind?

While unconditionally committed to her Lord, she was constantly searching, moving and struggling not thinking about herself any longer, but to find some water and save her child. What could she think about herself? Dr. Ali Shariati, in his well known book Hajj, attempts to provide a glimpse. Once she was slave only to be given away by her Master, a king representing the owning class; now a victim and a stranger, exiled and abandoned by her family all alone with her child in her arms! She hardly ever had a dignified identity. Had she not been the mother of Ismail, who would have given her any recognition and worth? There, in that barren place, her identity did not matter any further. Yet, she reposed her complete trust in her true Lord (Rabb) and was determined to pursue whatever she could in the Way of God.

Now ask yourself. If any human being needs to be identified, whom would you consider the foremost as far as founding of Makkah as a city?* Is there any other civilization, or even a city of this stature, that has been brought about by such primary contribution and sacrifice of a woman? How ironical, unfortunate, insulting and utterly unacceptable that the city that came into existence through the sacrifice and struggle of a lone woman now does not allow a woman to drive a car by herself. Nor does it allow a woman to travel to hajj by herself, even though the Prophet Muhammad himself had the vision that woman would travel someday alone to perform hajj and indeed, the vision did materialize. (Musnad of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Vol. 4, #19397, 19400; Also Sahih al-Bukhari: Vol. 4, #793)

It is so unfortunate that so little about her is talked about even on such pertinent occasion of which she is an integral part. I don't recall myself listening to any Khutbah that highlighted her faith, sacrifice, and contribution that were second to none; yes, second to none. Indeed, I have read Sahih al-Bukhari before too, until the work of a Muslim intellectual of our time, whose mind is keen about women's contribution in the heritage of Tawheed, drew my attention to this.*

What men and women can learn from a woman, whose service and contribution ennobled the Hills of Safaa and Marwah to the status of "among the Sign of God," which must be visited, and whose quest for saving the object of her love must be reenacted?

From far away as the pilgrims perform this reenactment, we also want to be like Ismail and have a share of this noble woman's affection. But there is a greater symbolic implication!

This community of believers follow the Way of Prophet Muhammad, a way that primarily was designed after the Way of Ibrahim and his family. The role that was played primarily by the family of Ibrahim, was broadly assumed by the Prophet Muhammad , but now involving not just his family, but the larger community of believers. This community (Ummah) is created for mankind! (Quran 3:110)

As it was true then, it is also true now, the humanity is in pursuit of doom and destruction. Should we not, think of the humanity as Ismail destined for death, to save which love, affection, and restless passion of Mother Hajar are needed again and again? Did not the Prophet Muhammad carry on that mission of mercy and affection, and thus he was the Rahmatullil Alamin (mercy for the universe), according to the Quran? Did not his loyal companions fulfill the same mission? Then, does not this community (Ummah) need to be conscious of the trust God has given to them, for which the community will be accountable? What could be a better occasion for us to remind ourselves of that trust and invite ourselves to reflect on this and respond accordingly?

In conclusion, what is there, then, to celebrate?

"Our Lord! Grant us what you did promise to us through your Prophets, and save us from the shame on the Day of Judgment: for you never break Your promise." And their Rabb (Lord) has accepted of them, and answered them: "Never will I suffer to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female: you are members, one of another; those who have left their homes, or been driven out therefrom, or suffered harm in My Cause, or fought or been slain; Verily, I will blot out from them their iniquities, and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing beneath; A reward from the Presence of God, and from His Presence is the best of rewards. (Quran 3:194-195)

For all the toil and struggle, the hardship and sacrifice, the efforts and pursuits, is it not truly deserving of celebration that our works will not be in vain, will not suffer any loss? This is a guarantee from none other than God.

For me, that is more than good enough. With all the worldly promises, guarantees, and warranties that give us a sense of security, one tends to forget that there is also a vast world of deceptions. If we cannot have peace of mind with the promise from God, we have nowhere to turn to. Thus, what could be more worthy of our celebration than the invitation of God to an eternal life of peace, happiness, and prosperity, an invitation that comes with the unfailing promise of God. This, of course, requires that we commit ourselves to the positive and constructive pursuit of bringing peace, happiness and prosperity to the humanity.

* I became enlightened about this particular aspect from an important work of Dr. Kaukab Siddique. I can't speak for his positions on many other matters, but his contribution to issues related to Islam and women is quite relevant, enlightening and valuable.

Abridged from a Khutbah delivered on Eid al-Ad'ha in Iowa City, Iowa. The author is a professor of economics and finance at Upper Iowa University; Homepage: http://www.globalwebpost.com/farooqm; The author requests volunteers if anyone is interested in translating this piece in their native language. email: [email protected]

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Older Comments:
Author's comment: yunus from Nigeria wrote on November 24th, 2009: "The paragraph about Saudi not allowing woman to drive shouldn't be an issue to be turn into another senseless argument resulting into more division, chaos, which has bedeviled the ummah" The issue is not Saudi or any other country. It is not also a matter of the West and what right it accords to women. The article clearly frames the discussion squarely within Islamic context, where men and women have been accorded certain rights and dignities, which are also defined and shaped by the struggle and sacrifice of towering figures like mother Hajera (a). If it were any other country, things would be different. However, the reference is to the country that contains the heartland of Islam, including cities of Makkah and Madinah. Any deviation from Islam there becomes a bigger misrepresentation of Islam and Muslims. Fi amanillah.

Author's comment: On August 25th, 2017, abdulshaikh commented: "I am confused with this article. Who neglected accept legacy of great women? Certainly Allah has given special and equal status to Hajarah." Who neglected? That was the theme of the article. Allah has ennobled mother Hajera through Safa and Marwa. Thus, Muslims do make her part of the hajj rituals. However, as mentioned and explained in the article, in the discourse about hajj most often the focus is on Prophets Ibrahim and Ismail, but not inclusive of Mother Hajera, especially her sacrifice and struggle, and as the founder of the city of Makkah. Fi amanillah.

I am confused with this article. Who neglected accept legacy of great women? Certainly Allah has given special and equal status to Hajarah. Allah will not accept Haj complete without running between the two hills Safa and Marwh. This is testatament that Allah honors his creation Women and instict of a mother more than any other attribute of a women

May Allah reward the author of this article which highlights the importance of a woman. I am truly proud to be a woman. If the dead could see from wherever they are, I wonder what Mother Hajar would say to see that her fellow women NOW have to be accompanied or driven by a man to wherever they are going in the once-upon-a-time desolate valley Allah (SWT) had used her to render inhabitable. I hope that Saudi authorities get to read this.

We should not forget that the first person who accepted the call of our beloved Prophet was Khadijah and she spent her wealth for the cause of this Deen.The first martyr in Islam was Summayyah and all the wives of Rasulullah are called Ummahatul Mumineen Mothers of believers.Hajara (RA) left a legacy after she sacrificed with her husband and son for the pleasure of Allah.Women's heart are so soft if they understand the Deen they would follow it and become steadfast and shining example but unfortunately if they stray from the right path become misguided they could misguide so many peeople and take them away from deed and deen.


It is wonderful for a man to acknowledge that a woman founded the
City of Makkah. The rites of Umra require the running between the
two mountains of Safa and Marwa and perhaps with every muslim who
performs Umra Allah, will reward her.
I just hope men will not abandon their wives, quoting this incident.

Mashaallah, a very insightful article highlighting a dimension that is not sufficiently recognised and discussed. Hope it gets widely circulated - I have posted a link to it on my facebook.

The paragraph about Saudi not allowing woman to drive shouldn't be an issue to be turn into another senseless argument resulting into more division, chaos, which has bedeviled the ummah thus the real issue is been relegated to the dust bin moreover why must every woman drive is because of the west let stop this aping of the west and find our own identity that dignify every category of humanity.I am a woman and i support Saudi striving to maintain the dignity accorded to womanhood by ALLAH(SWT).The piece about Hajar is refreshing and good Baraka Allahu feeka

Indeed very interesting and thought provoking.

I love this arcticle. Can we find out more about mother Hajar? It is so wonderful to hear about the love of Allah and his faithful servants.

i haven't thought of it that way - indeed the article points out very illuminating arguments.

Have you noticed that the Arab islamic nation in the actual Saudi arabia , started with a great woman.
Of course with the help of prophet Abraham( pbh), but he had other wives and he had to travel a lot to be with them. But the big strugle to establish in actual Meca was Hajar's and of her son Ismail (pbh).

For me it was informative. Thank God we have the internet otherwise I would not have known this in such detail. Power to the righteous and believing men and women of the world may Allah make us of the believers. Mother of Ismail was a very righteous woman she deserves our respect.

Al hamdulilah. Wonderful, insightful article.

As an anthropologist I find this article and the analysis very interesting and enlightening.Most of our Ustadz who give khubah on Eid Al-adha tend to forget Prophet Ibrahim's wife and Prophet Ismail's mother for her great sacrifice in bringing up an important son in the most difficult region of the world. Your khutbah have recognized this important contribution of a Muslim woman and the mother of one of our most important prophets. A important contribution contribution to Muslim gender relations indeed!

It is a very enlightening article..open one's mind and as a woman i realize that even if Allah wills me to hold a responsibilty which seem hard..this, what Mother Hajar had done was even harder and seem impossible for the mind. It is both hard for Nabi Ibrahim to leave her and Hajar to be left. But with a strong iman in her heart, she submit to Allah's command. This world today, we must submit to Allah's will and not our own for Allah do what He wish and He knows the best for all his servants, even if we do not like it..if Allah wills it, that is the best. Thank you , may Allah Bless U with his Love and Redho. I will try to convert this to my language...if I think I am capable I will send emai to you. Assalamualaikum.

jasakumulahukharean,that was very thoughtful of u may Allah reward u abundantly amin

thank you for the article. it was very interesting and educating.

Very fine article on Haj and very comprhensive.
The millions of hajis , when they run between the two green lights,peform the sunnah of mother hajira(RA).
In islam, we not only respect all the prophets and follow the sunnah of some. We also follow the sunnah of the wife of our patriarch. Let thedetractors of Islam know how much impotrance Islam hhas given women!to


Jazakallah dear brother for highlighting this. Alhamdulillah, I had the opportunity to perform hajj recently and I must say, the saie was indeed a very humbling experience for me. I tried to visualise Hajjar rushing between the two hills which are 420 meters apart - not once but seven times! I cannot imagine how she felt then - alone with a helpless infant, under the scorching sun,left by her beloved husband! There I was then, performing saie accompanied by my husband & thousands of other hujjaj, within the air-conditioned spacious building. I prayed very hard then, O Allah I pray to You- that You provide all the women who are performing the saie now with me, the faith, determination and steadfastness of Hajjar. And give us all the inspiration to raise our children to be like Ismail! Ameen


Thank you Dr. Farooq (and by extension, apparently, Dr. Siddique) for exponentiaally increasing knowledge of our Mothers and spiritual ancestresses who were blessed by Allah (swt).

where im thankful to the author for remembrig such a great sacrifice of woman n being so thoughtful in respecting womankind,i would like to ask him that is he not so thoughtful about women's safety?coz a woman is not allowed without a mahram looks so chivalrous n wise to me.(this im saying being a woman myself!)
nonetheless i really agree with the thought that may be our ummah is not so careful about their religion and are heading towards doom ..may Allah(swt) save us from his anger n wrath.Aameen.

I am for it. I did write something about Hajj recently, but could not include or highlight the important role Hajara Played. I fell sick immidiately after and I realized what enormouse sacrifice as well as act of worship her role as a mother was. For muslims women and mothers, we have no better role models than people like Hajara.
May Allah reward you for your good work. Ammeen!

I enjoyed your ariticle but I differ on the subject in the sense that though I do like to have equal rights as a women but to be successful women, thru Islam I have realized that silent sacrifice is what is required to have a good family. If everytime we ask for promotion or recognition then you cannot be a good teacher. I believe that Bibi Hajjr and Bibi Fatema, they stood behind and had more effect in our lives then any modern women can ever achieve and that we have to think about when asking for equal rights.

true..i, me myself is dreaming to come and perform hajj...unfortunately not allowed to travel alone or with any other muslim ladies...

How merciful allah is to have placed Hajar and her son in Makka. Subhanallah. Once again a semblance of Eden. a place for the beauty of Islam to grow. What an example for woman to follow. She was the founder of the city, the opener of the marketplace,so to speak. What kind os people are visited byt the angel Jibril(as) All of these events signify greatness from Allah
(swt) May Allah help us to understand the signficance of these events. Ameen.


This article is very enlightening. Most importantly we need to remind ourselves that the Quran is our guide as muslims. The importance and greatness of that selfless act of Hadhrat Hajar is clearly acknowledged by Allah and reflected in Quran 2:158 Behold! Safaa and Marwah are among the symbols of God....

Sr Afusat
London, United Kingdom

This is an interesting article. I enjoy reading all the articles that are emailed to me weekly.
Author: keep up the good work... I found that IslamiCity.com is the most informative for me. I am learing about Islam I am really satisfied with this article and truly are for it...
Thank you so very much,
Geraldine Duncan USA

Quote: "How ironical, unfortunate, insulting and utterly unacceptable that the city that came into existence through the sacrifice and struggle of a lone woman now does not allow a woman to drive a car by herself. Nor does it allow a woman to travel to hajj by herself, even though the Prophet Muhammad himself had the vision that woman would travel someday alone to perform hajj and indeed, the vision did materialize. (Musnad of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Vol. 4, #19397, 19400; Also Sahih al-Bukhari: Vol. 4, #793)"

Comments: What author wants to convey in this paragraph? So called freedom of women as of western society? In other words he is commenting the prohibition of women to travel to hajj alone and not to drive a car by herself etc. by the Almighty Allah.

Nice article.. Wasalam

Dear Mohammad Omar Farooq,

Your article was forwarded to me by a friend, and I just wanted to thank you so much for taking the time to write it. I always felt so hurt for Hagar (as our scripture spells it), and the story of her abandonment. Your article brought her to life for me as an obedient and trusting servant of God in her own right, willing as Abraham was to sacrifice her child, if that was God's will, and saved from that terrible heartbreak, as Abraham was, by the angel. Your words brought such clarity and light to the story! Thank you!


Assalaamu alayekum

The article was informative, but picks up on a subject - Women doing hajj alone in a rather comparative approach, The hadith provided by the author(in the link) as reference does not conclusively prove/denounce this. But, in any case Iam sure the author considered why women are asked to perform hajj with a group of women or with a male. This aspect of hajj alone will not/can not take away the legacy of a great woman. Every muslim, male or female, young or old performs the Sa'e betweem safa and marwah to symolize this. Let us not equate the legacy of a woman deeply respected, to the interpretation/implementation of hadiths. If the reasons/ground realities of the ability for women to perform hajj alone change, I am sure the people managing it every year will take cognizance and change their views.


Thank you for discussing the historical facts of Eid-ul Adha, city of Makka and Millah of Ibrahim (PBUH). I am interested to know about glorious legacy of Muslim women that are less discussed or no yet discussed widely in availble histry books; for exa: Ayisha (R), after Muhammed's (PBUH) death took the educational leadership, and Abubakre (R) took the political leadership.

Its only because of Mother Hajar that today we all muslim all around the world drink zam zam.
When we drink zam zam we pray to Allah for everybody.
But unfortunately we all forget to pray for Mother Hajar.

A very good article, one that is very necessary. Too often we ignore the great women of Islam.

I am deeply moved by this article, for it acknowledges and put forth the importance of a mother. It was poignantly written allowing me to see how great and powerful a mother is in building a nation. Alhamidullah!

Just one clarification please: I thought that the Kaaba foundation was already laid down as the first worship house by Adam A.S. Please clarify.
Thanking you

Indeed Ibrahim and his family had a firm belief in God and they followed what God instructed him without being selfish, free from worly pleasures and desires. His level of sacrifice and obidence to God is appreciable,i.e, he surrendered himself wholly to God (as mentioned in the begining of this article) and went even to the extent of sacrificing his son Ismail which we common man will hesitate to do.

This article was very enlightening. Al-hamdulillah!

And complete the HAJJ or 'umra in the service of Allah. But if ye are prevented (From completing it), send an offering for sacrifice, such as ye may find, and do not shave your heads until the offering reaches the place of sacrifice. And if any of you is ill, or has an ailment in his scalp, (Necessitating shaving), (He should) in compensation either fast, or feed the poor, or offer sacrifice; and when ye are in peaceful conditions (again), if any one wishes to continue the 'umra on to the HAJJ, He must make an offering, such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, He should fast three days during the HAJJ and seven days on his return, Making ten days in all. This is for those whose household is not in (the precincts of) the Sacred Mosque. And fear Allah, and know that Allah Is strict in punishment.(Qur'an 2:196)

For HAJJ are the months well known. If any one undertakes that duty therein, Let there be no obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling in the HAJJ. And whatever good ye do, (be sure) Allah knoweth it. And take a provision (With you) for the journey, but the best of provisions is right conduct. So fear Me, o ye that are wise. (Qur'an 2:197)

Es Selamu Aleykum,

I do agree with your thoughts on Hajar (ra). Both men and female are created to worship Allah alone. Therefore it is not surprising that Allah has chosen pious female servants to serve him.

We have a lot to learn from the contribution of women in Islam and to truly learn from the wisdom in these stories will need us to shed many layers of ego and arrogance. Otherwise no amount of learning will change the way women are perceive in some Muslim society. It is so sad that some Muslim society look at women as not capable of anything but housework and raising children. No doubt these resposibilities are primary but women need to be empowered to contribute more to the society and realized their potential as the other half of humanity.

Very interesting and well documented story. I will use it as a teaching material for my students of my course of Islamic Civilization. Thank you.

Asalam Aleikum,
Am kindily requesting you to send me more information about Hajji relating on women as of now am preparing to take my mother on the next Hajji but i dont know what prosdure to follow as i was told that it's not allowed to take a lady alone unless ancompannied by a male relative but am not in position to pay for two people.Could you please send me more information regarding on that.
I will be very greatfull to hear from you.

Janet mugambe

Just a correction to an earlier post please. the Qur'anic reference that Dr. Farooq's wonderful article reminds one of is Qur'an 7:57. (i mistakenly typed 7:52, but this ayat speaks also to the Qur'an as a Book that is a guide and a mercy to all who believe), as Farooq's article refers to Prophet Mohammed's "mission of mercy" according to Qur'an and of which he reminds us that we must all be conscious.

S FROM USA said:
Dr. Farooq's words in this article can be compared to "the winds Allah sends like heralds of glad tidings bringing rain and life to a land that is dead. (See Qur'an 7:52). This article is comprehensive, touching on all aspects of the great faith and love Ibrahim had for Allah, and the faith of mother Hagar. Farooq's words are truly a blessing from Allah. May Allah bless him to continue to use his pen to courageously address the call to the universal mercy and peace for all that Allah brought about through the life of Prophet Mohammed (SAW), who is a mercy TO ALL CREATURES. thank you Dr. Farooq. Your words are like winds bringing glad tidings.

The four greatest women, in the Prophet's (saw)words:
(1). 'Asiya, Wife of pharoah,
(2). Maryam, Mother of Jesus (as),
(3). Khadijah, Wife of the Messenger of Allah (saw)&,
(4). Fatima, Daughter of the Messenger of Allah (saw).

How excellent of the Prophet (saw) to give inspiration to the women of the ummah, and yet there are thousands of more exemplary women that, unfortunately, do not get much recognition in our times, but have so in the past...Hadhrat Hajjar is one of them.

this article gives a new dimention to resarch.that is what i am going to do.I perform HJJ this year ,wishing all muslims get the chance to perform it.
wish you best of luck.

Dear Christophr Ward: I am pleased the author has given you good info re Bible's reference to Haggar as Prophet Ibrahim's wife b.b.u both. However, if the Christians and the Jews believe so much in Prophet Ibrahim, as they do, then they must also believe that such a prophet of God would not sully his own position by taking that which is not betrothed to him by HIS LORD.

I have been dismayed to hear some Christian/Jews say that Prophet Ibrahim had a fling with Haggar and therefore Ismail is his illigitimate child, thus Arabs are decendants of his illigitimate child and therefore the Covenant - as mentioned in the Bible - does not apply to them. This is their proof to say that Issac p.b.u.h is the only such hire to Prophet Ibrahim's status. Yet God does not differentiate between His prophets.

Sadly twisting such issues to suit political agenda's does not do service to this greatest Prophet, nor to his decendants p.b.upon them all. Plus by portraying him as a man who gives so easily to his carnal passion, both such Christians and Jews, do disservice to their own respective faiths, by attributing such to the founder of their own religions.

As a Muslim, I say, Heaven forbid. This exhalted man would never attempt to do such a vile thing, as he was truly guided by HIS Creator and whatever God ordered him, he sincerely obeyed. At least; as Muslims, Christians and Jews; we all agree on that. Thus it ill-behoves anyone to think otherwise.

Peace be upon all.

Ahmed Asgher

MasaAllah, such a valuable article should be read by everyone. May Allah(swt) blesses the writer.

Beautiful: with MUCH 2 RESEARCH.
Question: When will the Whole of Amerikkka
Protect the Sole of Amerikkka ?

I liked this article because it is unique and focuses on an individual and new dimension that are rarely discussed. Even though I am a woman, I never paid attention to the direct relation between women and God. It was so beautiful to see how Hajar, as a mother and wife, was so worried and restless to be left alone with her infant in such a barren place. But then, as soon as she knew It was God's instruction, she instantly and totally submitted happily.
This article is an eye opener to show us how important it is to give a fair analyzes to the context and to each character involved in a historic or religious situation. I hope we have more women scholars who can write from their perspective about women in Islam. Some stories indicated that youth and children stood courageously by the Prophet (pbuh). They too should not be ignored.


This artilce bring all eyes on the importance of family making change to the world through spiritual committment. I felt proud that women play great role in maintaining this committment. Sacrfice is not an easy task but believe that Allah is there will give us resilience.


Salaam, can anyone please show me the hadith from Bukhari Vol4 #793 regarding women goin to hajj by themselvs.. jazakallah khairun

I thought Haggar was the handmaiden of Abraham. The article mentions she was his wife. Was she his wife?

I love that Allah nourishes us through the Holy Quran.This is very encouraging for a single woman like myself to know that Allah will provide even though things may look desperate at the moment. He never abandons us. Subhanallah.

This is a moving article. Women are the pillars of a nation.Islam has given womem the highest position mankind can ever dream about. However, since the fall of the Islam Empire our knowledge declined. The beauty Islam is through knowledge. Knowledge that is so vast one can get lost with it. Art is another area that has a great impact on knowledge but little is thought about it. I guess only women can take the lead in promoting themselves and their achievements. However, men be it their brothers, husbands, uncles and so on must take their due share of advancing women in whatever role they would like to pursue.
This article reminds us of the fact that life started from an empty desert. If one puts himself or herself in Hagar's place one could straight away relate to the pain and the desperation that she felt. Also when she realised that she was left with God straight away she felt secure. In saying that we human beings panic as part of our human nature.
Women are the pillars of a nation. If their contribution is lacking the society falls apart. Women are needed to take part in nation building both mentally physically and emotionally. Where my roots are in Africa women work side by side with men and their contribution is excellent just like men however, they are discriminated still. This shows when men and women work together it is like saying two pairs of hands are better than one.
Islam has given more rights to women but society suppresses them, it is not only common to muslim women but to many nations. If you look around the world so many women are still oppressed and their rights taken away from them.
Hopefully more women will get educated and share their history and heritage with the world community.Through art, poetry and so on we can share our heritage in a unique way. Women were sailors during the days of our prophet peace be upon him and little do we know of that history. At the end of the day it is having skills that matter not if you are man or wom

This is a very apt observation which hopefully will be appreciated by all. Efforts should be made to distinguish Islamic guidelines/practice from Arabic[not all] societies' sometimes restrictive position on gender issues.
I guess such distinctions will help the spread of the global message of Islam.

Very good article. Good example for all ages in Ibrahim's(AS) family(RA).