Islamic Glossary

Search Islamic Glossary

Search Glossary for Terms Starting With : 
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | AUDIO
Displaying  1 through 10 of 70 terms found. (10 terms displayed).

Media
|
(al-) Fatihah (al-faa-ti-hah) -
Arabic name meaning "The Opening," and referring to the opening chapter of the Qur'an. This chapter, recited during the daily formal worship, is comprised of seven short verses and summarizes the essential beliefs of Muslims and the obligation of human beings to seek guidance and aid from God alone. (Source:CIE)

(al-) Quds (al-koods) -
Literally, "The Holy," this is the name used by Muslims for Jerusalem. al-Quds is the third holiest city in Islam, following Makkah and Madinah, because of its significance to Islamic history in the broadest sense (Source:CIE)

A'uzu billahi minashaitanir rajim () -

This is an expression and a statement that Muslims have to recite before reading to Qur'an, before speaking, before doing any work, before making a supplication, before taking ablution, before entering the wash room, and before doing many other daily activities. The meaning of this phrase is:I seek refuge in Allah from the outcast Satan.Allah is the Arabic name of God.

Satan is the source of evil and he always tries to misguide and mislead people. The Qur'an states that Satan is not an angel but a member of the Jinn, which are spiritual beings created by Allah. So the belief that Satan is a fallen angel is rejected in Islam.
(Source:MSA-USC)

Abd () -
A prefix used in many Muslim male names in conjunction with a divine attribute of God, meaning "servant." Examples include Abd-Allah ("servant of God"), Abd al-Rahman ("servant of the Most Merciful"), and Abd al-Khaliq ("servant of the Creator"). (Source:CIE)

Abu Bakr as-Sadiq (aboo buck-er as-saa-dik) -
One of the closest companions of Prophet Muhammad, given the appelation as-Sadiq, "the Truthful." Upon the death of the Prophet in 632 C.E., Abu Bakr became the first Caliph (successor) and served as leader of the Muslim community until his death in 634 C.E. (Source:CIE)

Adhan (ad-haan) -
The Muslim call to worship. The adhan consists of specific phrases, recited aloud in Arabic prior to each of the five daily worship times. Upon hearing the adhan, Muslims discontinue all activity and assemble at a local masjid for formal communal worship. (Source:CIE)

Adhan (AADHAN ADHAAN AZAN) -

The call for the daily prayers are called Adhan. The person who calls the Adhan is called a Mu'adhin. A Mu'adhin calls the Adhan five times a day before Muslims are to perform their daily Salah (Prayer).

The Adhan is composed of specific words and phrases to be recited loudly in the Arabic language so that the neighbors can recognize the time schedule for the prayers.
(Source:MSA-USC)

Ahl al-Kitab (ahl al-kee-taab) -
Literally, "People of the Book." This term, found in the Qur'an, describes adherents of divinely revealed religions that preceeded Islam. Most commonly, the term refers to Jews and Christians, and confers upon these two groups a special status within Muslim society, owing to the monotheistic basis of their religions. (Source:CIE)

Ahzab () -

means parties. Ahzab is used to describe the different tribes that fought the Muslims in the Battle of the Ditch in 627 C.E., 5 A.H..
(Source:MSA-USC)

Aisha (eye-ee-sha) -
Daughter of Abu Bakr and one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad. Aisha transmitted a large number of the Prophet's hadith, which were compiled by scholars in early Islamic history. (Source:CIE)

|