Ramadan Challenges in History

All praises to Allah, Lord of the worlds. He who revealed in His Glorious Quran, “Oh you who believe, fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those who came before you that you may keep your duty to your Lord (having taqwa),” 2:185. And may blessings and-peace of Allah be upon His last Messenger Muhammad ibn Abdullah, forever.

Oh you who believe, Ramadan is a sacred month wherein Almighty Allah is constantly testing His creation and giving humanity the opportunity to achieve infinite, endless Bliss. Fasting is a complete purification and a means to developing the consciousness of Allah’s presence. The consciousness of Allah, Taqwa, is a protection against the schemes of Shaitan, and the suffering of this world. Allah has informed us that, “Whoever keeps his duty to Allah (has taqwa), He ordains a way out for him and gives him sustenance from where he imagines not. And whoever trusts in Allah, He is sufficient for him. Surely Allah attains His purpose. Allah has appointed a measure for everything.” (65:2)

Many Muslims today have a misconception about fasting and the activities of a fasting person. They go into a state of semi-hibernation, spending most of their daylight hours in bed. If they fear Allah, they wake up for prayer, but then return to sleep immediately. This unnatural sleep makes them become lazy, dull witted and often cranky.

Ramadan is actually a time of increased activity wherein the believer, now lightened of the burdens of constant eating and drinking, should be more willing to strive and struggle for Allah. The Prophet passes through approximately nine Ramadan’s after the Hijrah. They were filled with decisive events and left us a shining example of sacrifice and submission to Allah.

In the first year after the Hijrah, the Prophet sent Hamza ibn Abdul Muttalib with thirty Muslim riders to Saif al Bahr to investigate three hundred riders from Quraish who had camped auspiciously in that area. The Muslims were about to engage the disbelievers, but they were separated by Majdy ibn Umar al-Juhany. The Hypocrites of Al-Madinah, hoping to oppose the unity of the Muslims, built their own masjid (called Masjid al-Direr). The Prophet ordered this masjid to be destroyed in Ramadan.

On the seventeenth of Ramadan, 3 A.H., Almighty Allah separated truth from falsehood at the Great Battle of Badr. The Prophet and 313 of his companions set out to intercept a caravan of their own goods that had been left in Makkah. It was led by Abu Sufyan, himself, and estimated at 60,000 dinars. They were met, instead, by a well equipped army of the nobility of Quraish, intent on putting out the light of Islam. Despite being outnumbered three to one and appearing weak and unseasoned, the Muslims defended their faith with a burning desire to protected the Prophet and meet their Lord through martyrdom. Allah gave them a decisive victory on this day of Ramadan, that would never to be forgotten.

In 6 A.H., Zaid ibn Haritha was sent to Wadi al-Qura at the head of a detachment to confront Fatimah bint Rabiah, the queen of that area. Fatimah had previously attacked a caravan led by Zaid and had succeeded in plundering its wealth. She was known to be the most protected woman in Arabia, as she hung fifty swords of her close relatives in her home. Fatimah was equally renowned for showing open hostility to Islam. She was killed in a battle against these Muslims in the month of Ramadan.

By Ramadan of 8 A H., the treaty of Hudaibiyya had been broken and the Muslim armies had engaged the Byzantines in the North. Muhammad felt the need to strike a fatal blow to disbelief in the Arabian Peninsula and conquer the city of Mecca. Allah had declared His Sanctuary a place of peace, security and religious sanctity. Now the time had come to purify the Kaabah of nakedness and abomination. The Prophet set out with an army having more armed men than Al-Madinah had ever seen before. People were swelling the army’s ranks as it moved toward Makkah. The determination of the believers, guided by the Will of Allah, became so awesome that the city of Makkah was conquered without a battle, on – 20 Ramadan. This was one of the most important dates in Islamic history for after it, Islam was firmly entrenched in the Arabian Peninsula. During the same month and year, after smashing the idols of Makkah, detachments were sent to the major centers of polytheism and al-Lat, Manat and Suwa, some of the greatest idols of Arabia, were destroyed.

Such was the month of Ramadan in the time of the Prophet. It was a time of purification, enjoining the good, forbidding evil, and striving hard with one’s life and wealth. After the death of the Prophet, Muslims carried on this tradition and Allah used the true believers to affect the course of history. Ramadan continued to be a time of great trials and crucial events.

Ninety-two years after the Hujrah, Islam had spread across North Africa, Iran, Afghanistan, Yemen and Syria. Spain was under the tyrannical rule of King Roderic of the Visigoths. Roderic had forced his six million serfs and persecuted Jews to seek the aid of the Muslims of North Africa in order to be delivered. Musa ibn Husair, the Umayyad governor of North Africa, responded by sending his courageous general Tariq ibn Ziyad at the head of 12,000 Berber and Arab troops. In Ramadan of that year, they were confronted with a combined Visigoth army of 90,000 Christians led by Roderic, himself, who was seated on a throne of ivory silver, and precious gems and drawn by white mules. After burning his boats, Tariq preached to the Muslims warning them that and Paradise lay ahead of them and defeat and the sea to the rear. They burst with great enthusiasm and Allah manifested a clear victory over the forces of disbelief. Not only was Roderic and his forces completely annihilated, but Tariq and Musa succeeded in liberating whole of Spain, Sicily and of France. This was the beginning of the Golden Age of Al-Andalus where Muslims ruled for over 700 years.

In the year 682 A.H., Salahuddin al-Ayyubi, after battling with the Crusaders for years, finally drove them out of Syria and the whole of their occupied lands in the month of Ramadan. The Muslim world was then destined to meet one of its most frightening challenges.

In the seventh century A.H., the Mongols were sweeping across Asia destroying everything that lay in their path Genghis Khan called himself “the scourge of God sent to punish humanity for their sins.” In 617 A.H. Samarkand, Ray, and Hamdan were put to the sword causing more than 700,000 people to be killed or made captive. In 656 A.H. Hulagu, the grandson of Genghis Khan, continued this destruction. Even Baghdad, the leading city of the Muslim world, was sacked. Some estimates say that as many as 1,800,000 Muslims were killed in this awesome carnage. The Christians were asked to eat pork and drink wine openly while the surviving Muslims were forced to participate in drinking bouts. Wine was sprinkled in the masjids and no Azan (call to prayer) was allowed. In the wake of such a horrible disaster and with the threat of the whole Muslim world; and then Europe being subjected to the same fate, Allah raised up from the Mamluks of Egypt, Saifuddin Qutz, who, united the Muslim army and met the Mongols at Ain Jalut on 26th Ramadan, 658 A.H. Although they were under great pressure, the Muslims with the help of Allah, cunning strategy and unflinching bravery, crushed the Mongol army and reversed this tidal wave of horror. The whole of the civilized world sighed in relief and stood in awe at the remarkable achievement of these noble sons of Islam.

This was the spirit of Ramadan that enabled our righteous forefathers to face seemingly impossible challenges. It was a time of intense activity, spending the day in the saddle and the night in prayer while calling upon Allah for His mercy and forgiveness.

Today, the Muslim world is faced with drought, military aggression, widespread corruption and tempting materialism. Surely we are in need of believers who can walk in the footsteps of our beloved Prophet, the illustrious Sahabah, Tariq ibn Ziyad, Qutuz, Salahuddin and the countless heroes of Islam. Surely we are in need of believers who are unafraid of the threats of the disbelievers, yet kind and humble to the believing people; Muslims whose fast is complete and not just a source of hunger and thirst.

May Allah raise up a generation of Muslims who can carry Islam to all corners of the globe in a manner that befits our age, and may He give us the strength and the success to lay the proper foundations for them. May Allah make us of those who carry out our Islam during Ramadan and after it, and may He not make us of those who say what they do not do. Surely Allah and His Angels invoke blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad. Oh you who believe send blessings and peace to him forever.

Source: The Message – Canada



By: abdullah hakim quick | Source: IslamiCity | Category: Articles, Faith, Featured | Topic: history | Views: 26,810 | Comments: 47

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47 Comments

  1. i feel glad knowing this website,and i just read them partly, but i love them,ehm can i ask few things about islam?thank u for attention.please reply my question.

  2. May Allah bless you for enlightening the minds. This article gave me lots of possitive energy. Please remember all the youths, especially Iranian muslims in America. Most of them have turned their backs on Islam because of the religous dictarorship, and hipocracy among muslims.

  3. Ameen. Allahumma Salli ala Muhammad wa ala aale

    Mohammad kama sallata ala Ibrahima wa ala aale

    Ibrahima wa barik ala Mohammad wa alaa aale Mohmmad kama barakta alaa Ibrahima wa alaa aale

    Ibrahima innaka Hamidum Majeed.

  4. Assalamu Alaikum,

    The article “Ramadan challenes in History” was a very intersting and informative article. I think that more articles like this should be make available to Muslims, unfortunatly, many muslims are not fasting just because their having an going to school or having an exam, May be something like this will open their mindes about fasting…

  5. This excellent article represents the true spirit of Islam and the followers of Islam, Articles like this will Inshallah help us understand the approch we have to take to follow Islam correctly and gives incredible spirit to practiseRamandan as it is meant. May Allah Subhanatala reward for this works, and those who follow and give us persistamce and steadfastness in folowing Islam bravely and correctly. Ameen

  6. I believe that this article is askew.It does not address the ascetic illuminations of Sa’um during Ramadan. Surely,most of us know of the great battles fought during Ramadan but what of the “Battle for our Souls”? Our Sage and Prophet Muhammad [s.a.w.s.] implored us to seek the “Voice of Allah Subhana wa ta A’la by retreating from the world [Hiyyat-ul-Dunnat]to read Al-Qur’an Majeed. The Taraweeh,Itikaf and Lailat-ul-Qadr are all expressions of our quest for purification of Al-Taqwa. In this modern world of elctronic over stimulation it is very relevant for us to take one month out of the year to ‘go within’ to cleanse our souls. Our Prophet [s.a.w.s.] received divine revelation in a hermit’s cave! Assalamu Alaikum,

    Rasheed Ali/Jummah Society-California

  7. As-SalaamAlaikum:

    Ramadam Karim to all my brothers, and sisters at Islamicity. I am very grateful to Allah for having the opportunity to view your website. It is very imformative,and a source of strength for me during this Holy month of Ramadam. I have been having many challenges during this month, and when I read the article on the challenges that Muslims have faced during this month, I was rejuvenated, and inspired.(Al-Hamdu-Allah). I am working hard to spread the message of Islam among my family, neigbors, and the community. For those of us whom Allah has blessed to participate in yet another Ramadam, we have the opportunity to improve our Islamic character, seek much forgiveness, fulfil promises made in the past, extend extra kindnesses, and share the joy of this Holy month with those around us. I thank you all at Islamicity, and pray you have a blessed Ramadam.

    Wa-Alaikum-Salaam.

  8. in the paragraph were gengis khan is mentioned it say his armies started there killing wars in 617ah but following this you state they were defeated by the muslim army 468ah,there must be some mistake because the victory of muslims would have come after the mass killings off gangis khan .please verify.

  9. This is a wonderful article that so eloquently describes the resilient spirit of Islam in the face of adversity during Ramadan.

    We must look to heroes such as Tariq ibn Ziyad, Salahuddin al-Ayyubi, and of course our Prophet Muhammad (saw) as examples for us to follow.

  10. The article written by Imam Quick was superb. I would like to add that the glory of Islamic age can still be continued if Muslims work hard in all fields and support one another. Working hard in all fields means striving to be the best at their job, in their education, and in their community. Also, what do I mean by supporting one another? Supporting one another means that when their is an opportunity to help out another brother/sister we do it. There are times when we know we can help some our fellow Muslims out (whether in business, school, charity, du’a), but we forget or neglect each other knowingly or unknowingly. Once again, thank you Imam Quick for reminding us that Islam was spread by hard work in the month of Ramadan.

  11. As Salaam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuhu

    Ramadan Mubarak!!

    Alhumdulilah, this article is touching and speaks to the Ummatt in a clear and concise way. The synopsis that the author gives about Ramadan during the life of the Prophet (SAAW) is wonderful. The author’s writing inspired me to continue working to make the most of my life as a Muslimah and to strive harder to realize the many benefits of fasting for the sake of Allah SWT during the month of Ramadan and throughout the year!! Alhumdulilah!!

    As Salaam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakathu

    Sister Hanan

    Your Sister in Islam

  12. Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatullah

    Surely the most difficult aspec of ones self restraint is that of controlling the nafs, whether it be in the holy month of ramadhan, or throughout the rest of the year. I feel that once a male or female has conquered thier nafs, along with having true blief, then it does become easy to complete one’s belief. As a believer living in the UK, I am finding this the most difficult aspect of my practice, vain thoughts and backbiting are an every day occurance, even whilst my fast. Studying at University, surrounded by female beauty whcich is openly unchaste makes it more difficult to controll the nafs. Prayer helps to an extent, but there must be something else which will assist in fighting the nafs, something which the believers of old posessed. without a doubt the world does need belivers true in faith, strong in courage and filled with piety. But i have found these things these intertwined with society cause friction.

    Islam is indeed misuderstood by the west and many muslims, and there seems to be no work being done to convey the true message of peace, instead Islam has beene potrayed as a violent religion.

    May Allah instill true belief in the muslims and create a true leader who can lead the muslims into the 21st century with purity and Taqwa

  13. the article was very informative. I am very much pleased on seeing this website. i feel that i can learn lots about islam through this site. but i would also be happy if u can keep as separate section for questions and answers. that would be a lot useful. thanks a lot. byeeee

    assalamualaikum!

  14. Assalamun Alaykum,

    The article is very informative and very interactive for both muslims and non-muslims. i just wanted to pass this message to all of us that not only in the holy month of ramadhan we should be sacrificing ourselves to Allah(swt) by performing good and refraining evil infact we should be performing these actions in the remaining months as well. As now we are being shown many signs of the Oneness of Allah and we should also try to character ourselves in that way that other people whist seeing our actions should say that This is what Islam Teaches .. lastly, i thank all muslims and wish them a very pleasent and A Happy month of ramadhan. remmeber every muslim in your prayers and duas. Jazakallah Ahsant! wassalamun alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatu.

  15. I loved this article, but were not all these heroes exempt from fasting? Regardless, your article inspired me. Insha’Allah, tommorrow I will remain out of bed after Fajr – Jazak Allah Khair! (Alhamdulillah!!)

  16. The muslims then were united under the same belief

    and creed, that is,TAWHEED!!!Like SALAFUS SALIHEEN. All these different creeds and beliefs and SECTS have adulterated the pure,pristine ISLAAM.

    How can muslims be victorious when they are worshipping,supplicating to dead people?They love and follow the dirty kuffar in their beliefs,actions, dress, manners etc. They rebel against their muslim rulers and they want DEMOCRACY in the lands of the muslims. The silly muslim women

    want to go out to work and rub against kuffar men in the work places!!! How obnoxious and obscene!!!

    HOW CAN ALLAAH THE MOST HIGH GIVE US VICTORY!!!

  17. I don’t know about this…I don’t think we have any big problems today as they did in the Prophet’s SAWS time, so why not just hibernate, pray and read quran, do zikr, you know all the spiritual, esoteric, abstract stuff. After all, that is the only thing that unities us. :)

    Good article mashAllah, I try to read it every day when I come in to work in the morning to remind myself of the activities I need to keep in mind while I am working and not tend to push away things with the excuse that I am fasting! The muslims all over the world need to be deprogrammed, like the author mentioned in the end “…May Allah raise up a generation of Muslims who can carry Islam to all corners of the globe in a manner that befits our age, and may He give us the strength and the success to lay the proper foundations for them.”

    Lets make dua for this every single time we remember so that Allah might have mercy upon us and accept our duas and triump the ummah of Muhammed SAWS.

  18. Alhamdulillah! Today I was able to stay out of bed after Fajr by reading randomly from the Quran! (I spent 10-15 minutes just reflecting on Ayah 2:26.) Jazak Allah for your inspirational article!

    And “[eselam alejkum]” to Fatmir Zekaj in Kosova. I (also) am grateful to Allah (SWT) for your being a Muslim! Allah Hafiz!

  19. Asalaam alaikum,

    During the month of Ramadan, we are to refrain from harsh language, abusive talk, anger, and hatred. Grendizer, I noticed you aren’t following these requirements. You may not appreciate what John has to say, but, instead, you should reply that “You’re fasting” and that you wish not to start an argument. Also, there are numerous references that when you argue it should be with a kind tongue and a gentle heart. From the tone of your editorials, I don’t see any of that. Please, Grendizer, if you are Muslim, refrain from this recalitrant behavior. It benefits no one and only serves the stereotype that Muslims are inherently prone to anger and violence.

  20. Salam,

    In your articel in the 4th-last paragraph, “Saifuddin Qutz, who, united the Muslim army and met the Mongols at Ain Jalut on 26th Ramadan, 468 A.H.”, I feel the year 468 A.H is incorrect, since it doesnt match with “In 656 A.H. Hulagu, the grandson of Genghis Khan, continued this destruction. ”

    Please correct the mistake if there is any. My apologies if I am wrong,

    Wasalam.

  21. Is it okay to put prayers and salutations for Muhammad (PBUH) into my computer passwords? The more typing I have to do in entering my password, the more I found I need to concentrate on what I am typing – in this case for the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). If I have to type the password over again a few times now and then that should be a good thing also, I would think, in learning special prayers and salutations for the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

    May Allah shower blessings and peace salutations upon the Prophet Muhammad.

    Ramadan Mubarak,

    Yahya Bergum

    Peace and blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad.

  22. In the name of Allah the beficient , and the merciful all glory is due to Allah .

    Wellto my comment on the all the inventions during Ramadan .It reminds me that it was during this great month that Almighty God called most exalted Prophet as His messanger .And at thesame time was time God started revealing His glorious Book to His muhammad(may the bediction of God be upon him.Amen).In fact many other things happened which I couldn’t remember.But, what I know is that , it was during ramadan that God shows His blessing that made we muslims to gain the upper hand in many battles that we fought with the non belivers

  23. This article is unreasonable and discouraging.

    Ramadhan is meant to be a month of fasting from food during daylight hours and equally important from our darker intentions and acts of self-centeredness, deceit, pride, arrogance, indifference, etc.

    It is also a month of calm, reflection and prayer.

    This article seems to lose a little reason. Food and drink are not a constant burden, but a sustanence that all humans need to carry out daily struggles and work.

    Obviously any extreme such as someone sleeping all day, is also not reasonable. However, I dont know anyone who doesnt have to work or attend classes and is able to sleep all day. A nap during the day if required for some is appropriate.

    There is nothing wrong with slowing down our fast paced lives during Ramadhan, and taking the time to meditate and pray while we carry out our necessary functions in life. However God does not intend for us to be perfect super heros who are able to continue a fast paced life while we fast and then pray all night.

    Instead what is more important is our intentions and the effort put into reaching our goals.

    The lives of the Prophet and his people were extraordinary in extraordinary times where they had to physically fight for their survival and growth.

    However the struggles of Muslims today are different albeit still important and require different methods.

    An article like this one simply seems unreasonalble and discouraging intead of supportive and inspiring.

  24. Ramadam is supposed to be a month of peace, love, and prayer. It would be nice of post something that promotes that. I don’t think your article does.

    Morad

  25. Maintaining the spirit of industriousness and avoiding laziness is an ideal of Ramadan while the general masses go with the ease of fasting and they too will eb rewarded. The pious of the past hungered more and prayed more but today our weakness is such that inspite of good weather and plenty food and facilty to the mosque we make Ramadan a leisure season!

  26. Ramadan Mubarak to all,

    I actually loved this article. I enjoyed the way the autor went back into history. I do think it is about time that Muslims all over the world start making a stand. A stand for the right, and forbidding what is wrong. Thanks so much for the history lesson.

    Salam Alaikum,

    Sister Fatimah

  27. Alhamduillah, I enjoyed reading this article for it penetrated the heart and increase hope for this country and abroad we tend to get comfortable with luxuries of this dunya (auzhubillah) I say Ameen to the dua stated in this article as salaam aliakum

  28. Alhamdullilah that i read this article!The historical antecedents inspire me to be more productive despite fasting.Muslims should also pray for major breakthroughs in our struggle against negative labels,intellectual and blatant unprovoked aggression.

  29. May ALMIGHTY show All of us the right Path and make us live AS HE wishes HIS BELIEVERS to be…..

    May ALMIGHTY PITY ON THE MUSLIMS of today and free them from the tyrannic rule which they are suffering under non-muslim majority countries who are on the way to CRUSH ISLAM (na-AUZIBILLAH)

  30. This article came at the right time to prepare me for the tyrrany and oppression I must confront within my own Ummah, and the fear of other than Allah wa T’ala within my self.

  31. Aslam u alikum

    sir the article is informative but in my view it need correction

    i,e name muhamad bin abdullai(PBUH) should be written as muhammad-ur- rasoolulah (PBUH). Because non beleavers used to call our prophet by name muhamad bin abdullah

    jazakallah

  32. We delve into history and we find Ramadan is the real Month of History

    the Quran was revealed in this Month of Ramadan. Through the

    revelation of the Quran we learn everything concerning our Deen from

    Salah Zakah,Ramadan Hajj Zikr Tilawatil Quran and everything of our

    Deen.

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