Ten commandments from the Bible and Quran

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The Ten Commandments
(Exodus 12: 1-17 & Deuteronomy 5: 6-21)
The Quran
(Chapter: Verse)
1. Thou shall not take any God except one God. 1. There is no God except one God (47:19) 
2. Thou shall make no image of God.  2. There is nothing whatsoever like unto Him (42:11) 
3. Thou shall not use God's name in vain.  3. Make not God's name an excuse to your oaths (2:224) 
4. Thou shall honor thy mother and father.  4. Be kind to your parents if one or both of them attain old age in thy life, say not a word of contempt nor repel them but address them in terms of honor. (17:23) 
5. Thou shall not steal. 5. As for the thief, male or female, cut off his or her hands, but those who repent After a crime and reform shall be forgiven by God for God is forgiving and kind. (5:38 - 39) Note
6. Thou shall not lie or give false testimony.  6. They invoke a curse of God if they lie. (24:7) Hide not the testimony (2:283) 
7. Thou shall not kill. 7. If anyone has killed one person it is as if he had killed the whole mankind (5:32) 
8. Thou shall not commit adultery.  8. Do not come near adultery. It is an indecent deed and a way for other evils. (17:32) 
9. Thou shall not covet thy neighbors wife or possessions.  9. Do good to your parents, relatives and neighbors. (4:36) Saying of the Prophet Muhammad (P) "One of the greatest sins is to have illicit sex with your neighbors wife". 
10. Thou shall keep the Sabbath holy. 10. When the call for the Friday Prayer is made, hasten to the remembrance of God and leave off your business. (62:9)

Similarities between the Quran and the Bible

There are a number of similarities between the Quran and the Bible. Some critics of Islam contend that the former has been copied from the latter. In fact the similarities gives evidence that both of them are based on a common source from which all divine revelations came from - the one Universal God.

There are four revelations of God that have been mentioned by name in the Quran: Taurah, Zaboor, Injeel and Quran.

  • Taurah was reveled to Moses .
  • Zaboor was reveled to David .
  • Injeel was reveled to Jesus .
  • Quran was reveled as the final and complete message to Muhammad .

It is an article of faith for every Muslim to believe in all the Prophets of God and all revelations of God.

The present day Bible has the first five books of the old Testament attributed to Moses and the Psalms attributed to David .

The New Testament or the four Gospels of the New testament are not the Taurah, the Zaboor or the Injeel, which the Quran refers to.

The original texts of the New Testament were written in Koine Greek by various authors after c. 45 AD and before c. 140 AD. Its books were gradually collected into a single volume over a period of several centuries. They include a collection of books and letters about Jesus' life. It begins with the four gospels, accounts of Jesus' life from four different points of view. They are followed by an account of the earliest church (Acts of the Apostles), and then 21 letters, (13 of which are attributed to Paul) and the Revelation of John.

According to Islamic belief, these books of the present day Bible may partly contain the word of God but these books are not the exact revelations that were reveled to Moses, David or Jesus . The following two verses of the Quran address this issue.

And, behold, among the followers of earlier revelation there are indeed such as [truly] believe in God, and in that which has been bestowed from on high upon you as well as in that which has been bestowed upon them. Standing in awe of God, they do not barter away God's messages for a trifling gain. They shall have their reward with their Sustainer - for, behold, God is swift in reckoning! (Quran 3:199)

And, behold, there are indeed some among them who distort the bible with their tongues, so as to make you think that [what they say] is from the bible, the while it is not from the bible; and who say, "This is from God," while it is not from God: and thus do they tell untruths about God, being well aware [that it is false]. (Quran 3:78)

The Quran refers to all the different Prophets of God as belonging to one single brotherhood. All the prophets had a similar mission and the same basic message.

The Prophet believe in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers; they all believe in God and His Angels and His Books and His Prophets. Say, We make no difference between any of His prophets. And they say: We hear, and we obey: (We seek) Thy forgiveness, our Lord, and to Thee is the end of all journeys. (Quran 2:285 )

Because of this, the fundamental teachings of the major faiths cannot be contradictory. The differences which exist between various religions are not because the Prophets preached a different message, but it is because the followers of these Prophets, over a period of time, forgot part of what they had been taught, and furthermore, misinterpreted the scriptures.

 

Reference:

Is the Quran God's Word - Part 6 By Dr. Zakir Naik


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  5 Comments   Comment

  1. Yohan Dahal from Bhutan

    The ten commandments of the Bible and Quoran look different in comparison. Those in the Bible are directly Spoken by God in the hearing of the people gathered for the occasion. They are not the words of Moses but of God Himself and can not be tampered by interpreters. The commandments in the Quoran look like fragments picked up for comparison to look alike.

    Although we can not limit the working of God, we believe that God does not contradict Himself by telling different things to different people at different times. After the revelations to John, the Scriptures are closed such that no alteration by adding or subtracting are permitted. Any book that claims to have divine origin comes to cause confusion, division and fighting. Some of the contents of the Quoran in relation to the person of Christ are a proof.

    The sons of Ishmael will come to sure blessing in the Messiah. I am not certain about their future without the Messiah under any pretext. Let none deceive themselves by trying to flatter God. It is impossible to please God by any flattery but by submission to His Will. Shalom.

  2. Mohammad SHAFIQUE from Canada

    It is indeed a good article for both Muslim and non-muslim

    because it really tells very clearly & briefly the similarity and

    dissimilarity with Quran and other three Holy scriptures. Had their

    been no changes or distortion in other scriptures the message of

    Allah is same that is believe in Oneness of Allah.

  3. Alfonso from United States

    Assalamu alaykum,

    Fist of all we should be using the Qur'an as the base of comparison not the ten commandments. I agree with the brother about using Allah instead of god. The word god come from gott wich itself comes from the Gothic root gheu; Sanskrit hub or emu, "to invoke or to sacrifice to" is either "the one invoked" or "the one sacrificed to." From different Indo-Germanic roots (div, "to shine" or "give light"; thes in thessasthai "to implore") and to my understanding was the name of a pagan deity. The same can be said of the word dios in spanish and other similar words, this comes from the word deus wich itself comes from the word zeus, yeah another pagan god!

    Please use the proper name for the Creator which is and always will be Allah (SWT). In trying to please non_Muslims or doing dawah we try to employ other words, like god, deus, dios, khuda and so many others, to describe the Most Compassionate yet we fail to understand that we will never please them and that Allah guides who he wills.

  4. Robert Mugabe from usa

    lets be claear, there is and will never be anything similar with Biblical Christianity and islam period. The two are opposites

  5. Jawad Green from US

    Salam, Its nice that you mentioned the Ten Commandments are also found in the Quran.

    However, your translation for Allah to be just God, doesn't carry any weight. All Christians claim to believe in a God. You have to literally mention Allah by his actual name. This is what the prophets did. They didn't say any name because it was something the people were used to. Don't be afraid to say Allah to the people of disbelief.... By the way "Allah" isn't translated to mean "God" anyway..Jawad